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Variations in the anatomical relationship between the common carotid artery and the internal jugular vein: an ultrasonographic study.

Umaña M, García A, Bustamante L, Castillo JL, Sebastián Martínez J - Colomb. Med. (2015)

Bottom Line: To identify variables associated with the anterior location of the internal jugular vein.The multivariate analysis identified age group (OR= 3.7, 95% CI 2.1-6.4) and, less significantly, the left side (OR= 1.7, 95%CI= 0.8-3.5) and male gender (OR= 1.2, 95%CI= 0.6-2.7) as variables associated with the anterior position of the vein.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Emergency Physician. Intensive Care Fellow, Universidad del Valle, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle, Colombia.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The internal jugular vein locates anterior or anterolateral to the common carotid artery in two-thirds of the subjects studied by ultrasound when the head is in a rotated position.

Aim: To identify variables associated with the anterior location of the internal jugular vein.

Methods: Ultrasound examinations were performed with the patients in the supine position, with the head rotated to the opposite side. The proximal third of the neck was visualized transversely with a 7.5-mHz transducer. The relationship between the vessels was described in accordance with the proportion of the artery overlapped by the vein. Univariate comparisons and a multivariate analysis of potential variables that may affect the anatomic relationships were performed.

Results: Seventy-eight patients were included, 44 of whom were men. The patients' ages ranged from 17 to 90 years (median 64.0, interquartile range 41-73). The right and left sides were studied 75 and 73 times, respectively. The vein was located lateral to the artery in 24.3% (95%CI= 17.4-32.2) of the studies, anterolateral in 33.8% (95%CI= 26.2-41.4) and anterior in 41.9% (95%CI= 33.9-49.8). The multivariate analysis identified age group (OR= 3.7, 95% CI 2.1-6.4) and, less significantly, the left side (OR= 1.7, 95%CI= 0.8-3.5) and male gender (OR= 1.2, 95%CI= 0.6-2.7) as variables associated with the anterior position of the vein.

Conclusión: The anterior position of the internal jugular vein relative to the common carotid artery increases gradually with age. Additionally, left-sided localization and male sex further increased the probability of an anterior position.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Patient positioning for the examination. The head is rotated to the opposite side and the probe is oriented transversely, perpendicular to the axis of the vessels.
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f01: Patient positioning for the examination. The head is rotated to the opposite side and the probe is oriented transversely, perpendicular to the axis of the vessels.

Mentions: The ultrasound study was performed with the patient in the supine position. The head was initially in a neutral position and was then rotated toward the side opposite of the side to be assessed. The proximal third of the neck was visualized transversely with a Sonosite 180 or Sonosite EDGE (Sonosite, Bothell, Washington) ultrasound using a 7.5-mHz linear transducer. The reference point of the device was directed to the midline. (Figs. 1 and 2). The data were digitally saved for later analysis.


Variations in the anatomical relationship between the common carotid artery and the internal jugular vein: an ultrasonographic study.

Umaña M, García A, Bustamante L, Castillo JL, Sebastián Martínez J - Colomb. Med. (2015)

Patient positioning for the examination. The head is rotated to the opposite side and the probe is oriented transversely, perpendicular to the axis of the vessels.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4536815&req=5

f01: Patient positioning for the examination. The head is rotated to the opposite side and the probe is oriented transversely, perpendicular to the axis of the vessels.
Mentions: The ultrasound study was performed with the patient in the supine position. The head was initially in a neutral position and was then rotated toward the side opposite of the side to be assessed. The proximal third of the neck was visualized transversely with a Sonosite 180 or Sonosite EDGE (Sonosite, Bothell, Washington) ultrasound using a 7.5-mHz linear transducer. The reference point of the device was directed to the midline. (Figs. 1 and 2). The data were digitally saved for later analysis.

Bottom Line: To identify variables associated with the anterior location of the internal jugular vein.The multivariate analysis identified age group (OR= 3.7, 95% CI 2.1-6.4) and, less significantly, the left side (OR= 1.7, 95%CI= 0.8-3.5) and male gender (OR= 1.2, 95%CI= 0.6-2.7) as variables associated with the anterior position of the vein.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Emergency Physician. Intensive Care Fellow, Universidad del Valle, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle, Colombia.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The internal jugular vein locates anterior or anterolateral to the common carotid artery in two-thirds of the subjects studied by ultrasound when the head is in a rotated position.

Aim: To identify variables associated with the anterior location of the internal jugular vein.

Methods: Ultrasound examinations were performed with the patients in the supine position, with the head rotated to the opposite side. The proximal third of the neck was visualized transversely with a 7.5-mHz transducer. The relationship between the vessels was described in accordance with the proportion of the artery overlapped by the vein. Univariate comparisons and a multivariate analysis of potential variables that may affect the anatomic relationships were performed.

Results: Seventy-eight patients were included, 44 of whom were men. The patients' ages ranged from 17 to 90 years (median 64.0, interquartile range 41-73). The right and left sides were studied 75 and 73 times, respectively. The vein was located lateral to the artery in 24.3% (95%CI= 17.4-32.2) of the studies, anterolateral in 33.8% (95%CI= 26.2-41.4) and anterior in 41.9% (95%CI= 33.9-49.8). The multivariate analysis identified age group (OR= 3.7, 95% CI 2.1-6.4) and, less significantly, the left side (OR= 1.7, 95%CI= 0.8-3.5) and male gender (OR= 1.2, 95%CI= 0.6-2.7) as variables associated with the anterior position of the vein.

Conclusión: The anterior position of the internal jugular vein relative to the common carotid artery increases gradually with age. Additionally, left-sided localization and male sex further increased the probability of an anterior position.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus