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Macroaspartasemia as a cause of isolated elevation of aspartate aminotransferase--its biochemical and physiological characteristics.

Kim HC, Kim JH - Korean J. Intern. Med. (1997)

Bottom Line: The increase of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is generally found in hepatic, cardiac, muscular disease and hemolytic disorders of the red blood cell (RBC).Concluding from the above findings, macroaspartatemia is an enzyme-immunoglobulin complex composed of cAST with IgG.MacroAST might be stabler than usual AST at physical conditions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Wonkwang School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The increase of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is generally found in hepatic, cardiac, muscular disease and hemolytic disorders of the red blood cell (RBC). The elevation of its activity is suspected in pathological conditions of these organs. However, instances without any of those conditions rarely exist.

Methods: The experimental samples were obtained from a normal person's hemolysed RBC, a hepatitis patient and a macroaspartatemic female's serum. They were studied with exclusion chromatography, electrophoresis of AST and changes of AST activity due to Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) and various conditions on storage.

Results: 1) The patterns of AST activity by exclusion chromatography are similar to the hemolysed RBC and the hepatitis's serum but differs by the isolated AST elevation. 2) The AST activity with addition of PEG and different anti-immunoglobulin subtypes to different serums are slightly decreased in hepatitis but markedly decreased with PEG and anti-IgG in macroaspartatemia. 3) The patterns of AST activity in electrophoresis are single band-cytosomal AST (cAST)-from hemolysed RBC and two bands-mitochondrial AST (mAST) and cAST-from hepatitis, the major being cAST and the minor mAST. Even though there are two bands, the major one is atypical and the minor corresponds to mAST in macroaspartatemia. 4) The changes of AST activity on storage according to time and temperature show to be stable over 4 weeks at room temperature and cooled condition, and 9 weeks under frozen state in macroaspartatase.

Conclusion: Concluding from the above findings, macroaspartatemia is an enzyme-immunoglobulin complex composed of cAST with IgG. MacroAST might be stabler than usual AST at physical conditions.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The electrophresis patterns of sampes [lane RH; from purified aspartate aminotransferase (c-AST) from hemolysed red blood cell (RBC), lane AVII; serum from acut viral hepatitis patient due to hepatitis B vivires, lane M; serum from macroaspartatemia patient] after AST stain by Sakakibara’s method. There is single band in RH lane(purified cytoplasmic-AST from RBC; 250IU). In lane AVH, there are two bands of which one is a major band corresponding to c-AST in RH lane and the other is a minor band suggested to mitochondrial-AST (m-AST). In M lane, there are two bands of which one is a minor band suggested to m-AST in AVH land and the other is a major band which is a new one. See text for further discussion.
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f2-kjim-12-2-208-13: The electrophresis patterns of sampes [lane RH; from purified aspartate aminotransferase (c-AST) from hemolysed red blood cell (RBC), lane AVII; serum from acut viral hepatitis patient due to hepatitis B vivires, lane M; serum from macroaspartatemia patient] after AST stain by Sakakibara’s method. There is single band in RH lane(purified cytoplasmic-AST from RBC; 250IU). In lane AVH, there are two bands of which one is a major band corresponding to c-AST in RH lane and the other is a minor band suggested to mitochondrial-AST (m-AST). In M lane, there are two bands of which one is a minor band suggested to m-AST in AVH land and the other is a major band which is a new one. See text for further discussion.

Mentions: There was a single band from hemolysed RBC which shows in pure cytosomal type of AST (cAST) activity, but there were two bands in the AVH patient and the isolated AST elevation case. There were two bands in the latter group, but the pattern differed with each. In the AVH patient’s serum, there were 2 bands of which the thick band corresponded to cAST activity and the thin one to mitochondrial (mAST) type. This finding means that the major portion of circulating AST activity in AVH patient is a cytosomal type. In the macroaspartatemic case, we can find a thin band corresponding to mAST without cAST activity, but instead of the cAST type we can find abnormal thick AST activity which is near to the slit of the start, which is similar to the characteristic pattern of those previously mentioned macroaspartatemia (Fig. 2). This finding suggests that this case of hyperaspartatemia is due to mitochondrial type and abnormal type of AST activity. The abnormal type of AST activity might be cytosomal type of AST due to other effects.


Macroaspartasemia as a cause of isolated elevation of aspartate aminotransferase--its biochemical and physiological characteristics.

Kim HC, Kim JH - Korean J. Intern. Med. (1997)

The electrophresis patterns of sampes [lane RH; from purified aspartate aminotransferase (c-AST) from hemolysed red blood cell (RBC), lane AVII; serum from acut viral hepatitis patient due to hepatitis B vivires, lane M; serum from macroaspartatemia patient] after AST stain by Sakakibara’s method. There is single band in RH lane(purified cytoplasmic-AST from RBC; 250IU). In lane AVH, there are two bands of which one is a major band corresponding to c-AST in RH lane and the other is a minor band suggested to mitochondrial-AST (m-AST). In M lane, there are two bands of which one is a minor band suggested to m-AST in AVH land and the other is a major band which is a new one. See text for further discussion.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4531981&req=5

f2-kjim-12-2-208-13: The electrophresis patterns of sampes [lane RH; from purified aspartate aminotransferase (c-AST) from hemolysed red blood cell (RBC), lane AVII; serum from acut viral hepatitis patient due to hepatitis B vivires, lane M; serum from macroaspartatemia patient] after AST stain by Sakakibara’s method. There is single band in RH lane(purified cytoplasmic-AST from RBC; 250IU). In lane AVH, there are two bands of which one is a major band corresponding to c-AST in RH lane and the other is a minor band suggested to mitochondrial-AST (m-AST). In M lane, there are two bands of which one is a minor band suggested to m-AST in AVH land and the other is a major band which is a new one. See text for further discussion.
Mentions: There was a single band from hemolysed RBC which shows in pure cytosomal type of AST (cAST) activity, but there were two bands in the AVH patient and the isolated AST elevation case. There were two bands in the latter group, but the pattern differed with each. In the AVH patient’s serum, there were 2 bands of which the thick band corresponded to cAST activity and the thin one to mitochondrial (mAST) type. This finding means that the major portion of circulating AST activity in AVH patient is a cytosomal type. In the macroaspartatemic case, we can find a thin band corresponding to mAST without cAST activity, but instead of the cAST type we can find abnormal thick AST activity which is near to the slit of the start, which is similar to the characteristic pattern of those previously mentioned macroaspartatemia (Fig. 2). This finding suggests that this case of hyperaspartatemia is due to mitochondrial type and abnormal type of AST activity. The abnormal type of AST activity might be cytosomal type of AST due to other effects.

Bottom Line: The increase of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is generally found in hepatic, cardiac, muscular disease and hemolytic disorders of the red blood cell (RBC).Concluding from the above findings, macroaspartatemia is an enzyme-immunoglobulin complex composed of cAST with IgG.MacroAST might be stabler than usual AST at physical conditions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Wonkwang School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The increase of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is generally found in hepatic, cardiac, muscular disease and hemolytic disorders of the red blood cell (RBC). The elevation of its activity is suspected in pathological conditions of these organs. However, instances without any of those conditions rarely exist.

Methods: The experimental samples were obtained from a normal person's hemolysed RBC, a hepatitis patient and a macroaspartatemic female's serum. They were studied with exclusion chromatography, electrophoresis of AST and changes of AST activity due to Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) and various conditions on storage.

Results: 1) The patterns of AST activity by exclusion chromatography are similar to the hemolysed RBC and the hepatitis's serum but differs by the isolated AST elevation. 2) The AST activity with addition of PEG and different anti-immunoglobulin subtypes to different serums are slightly decreased in hepatitis but markedly decreased with PEG and anti-IgG in macroaspartatemia. 3) The patterns of AST activity in electrophoresis are single band-cytosomal AST (cAST)-from hemolysed RBC and two bands-mitochondrial AST (mAST) and cAST-from hepatitis, the major being cAST and the minor mAST. Even though there are two bands, the major one is atypical and the minor corresponds to mAST in macroaspartatemia. 4) The changes of AST activity on storage according to time and temperature show to be stable over 4 weeks at room temperature and cooled condition, and 9 weeks under frozen state in macroaspartatase.

Conclusion: Concluding from the above findings, macroaspartatemia is an enzyme-immunoglobulin complex composed of cAST with IgG. MacroAST might be stabler than usual AST at physical conditions.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus