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Outbreak of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Peruvian Military Personnel Undertaking Training Activities in the Amazon Basin, 2010.

Oré M, Sáenz E, Cabrera R, Sanchez JF, De Los Santos MB, Lucas CM, Núñez JH, Edgel KA, Sopan J, Fernández J, Carnero AM, Baldeviano GC, Arrasco JC, Graf PC, Lescano AG - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2015)

Bottom Line: Being male (risk ratio [RR] = 4.01; P = 0.034), not wearing long-sleeve clothes (RR = 1.71; P = 0.005), and sleeping in open rooms (RR = 1.80; P = 0.009) were associated with CL.After emphasizing pre-deployment education and other basic prevention measures, trainees in the following year had lower incidence (1/278 = 0.4%; P < 0.001).Basic prevention can reduce CL risk in deployed militaries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Inteligencia Sanitaria, Comando de Salud del Ejército, Lima, Perú; Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Militar Central, Lima, Perú; Dirección General de Epidemiología, Ministerio de Salud, Lima, Perú; Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú; U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 (NAMRU-6), Lima, Perú; Dirección de Salud Lima Sur, Ministerio de Salud del Perú, Lima, Perú; Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú

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Epidemic curve for confirmed cutaneous leishmaniasis during the outbreak. The curve was constructed based on self-reported dates when individuals first noticed their skin lesions. Eight of the 76 confirmed cases of leishmaniasis (11%) were excluded because of incomplete data.
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Figure 2: Epidemic curve for confirmed cutaneous leishmaniasis during the outbreak. The curve was constructed based on self-reported dates when individuals first noticed their skin lesions. Eight of the 76 confirmed cases of leishmaniasis (11%) were excluded because of incomplete data.

Mentions: Physical examination of the 303 personnel revealed 77 (25%) individuals with skin lesions compatible with CL. The potential incubation period, calculated between the time of highest likelihood of exposure (week 4) and the self-report onset of lesions, ranged from 2 to 36 weeks (Figure 2Figure 2.


Outbreak of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Peruvian Military Personnel Undertaking Training Activities in the Amazon Basin, 2010.

Oré M, Sáenz E, Cabrera R, Sanchez JF, De Los Santos MB, Lucas CM, Núñez JH, Edgel KA, Sopan J, Fernández J, Carnero AM, Baldeviano GC, Arrasco JC, Graf PC, Lescano AG - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2015)

Epidemic curve for confirmed cutaneous leishmaniasis during the outbreak. The curve was constructed based on self-reported dates when individuals first noticed their skin lesions. Eight of the 76 confirmed cases of leishmaniasis (11%) were excluded because of incomplete data.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4530758&req=5

Figure 2: Epidemic curve for confirmed cutaneous leishmaniasis during the outbreak. The curve was constructed based on self-reported dates when individuals first noticed their skin lesions. Eight of the 76 confirmed cases of leishmaniasis (11%) were excluded because of incomplete data.
Mentions: Physical examination of the 303 personnel revealed 77 (25%) individuals with skin lesions compatible with CL. The potential incubation period, calculated between the time of highest likelihood of exposure (week 4) and the self-report onset of lesions, ranged from 2 to 36 weeks (Figure 2Figure 2.

Bottom Line: Being male (risk ratio [RR] = 4.01; P = 0.034), not wearing long-sleeve clothes (RR = 1.71; P = 0.005), and sleeping in open rooms (RR = 1.80; P = 0.009) were associated with CL.After emphasizing pre-deployment education and other basic prevention measures, trainees in the following year had lower incidence (1/278 = 0.4%; P < 0.001).Basic prevention can reduce CL risk in deployed militaries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Inteligencia Sanitaria, Comando de Salud del Ejército, Lima, Perú; Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Militar Central, Lima, Perú; Dirección General de Epidemiología, Ministerio de Salud, Lima, Perú; Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú; U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 (NAMRU-6), Lima, Perú; Dirección de Salud Lima Sur, Ministerio de Salud del Perú, Lima, Perú; Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus