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Strong Association Between Human and Animal Brucella Seropositivity in a Linked Study in Kenya, 2012-2013.

Osoro EM, Munyua P, Omulo S, Ogola E, Ade F, Mbatha P, Mbabu M, Ng'ang'a Z, Kairu S, Maritim M, Thumbi SM, Bitek A, Gaichugi S, Rubin C, Njenga K, Guerra M - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2015)

Bottom Line: There was a 6-fold odds of human seropositivity in households with a seropositive animal compared with those without.Attaining at least high school education and above was a protective factor for human seropositivity (aOR = 0.3, 95% CI = 0.3-0.4).This linked study provides evidence of a strong association between human and animal seropositivity at the household level.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive and Promotive Health, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya; Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington; Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; Directorate of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Nairobi, Kenya; College of Health Sciences, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia eosoro@zdukenya.org.

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Map of Kenya showing the three counties where the study was carried out. Each study county represents a predominantly unique production system; Kiambu (small-holder system), Kajiado (agropastoral system) and Marsabit (pastoral system).20
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Figure 1: Map of Kenya showing the three counties where the study was carried out. Each study county represents a predominantly unique production system; Kiambu (small-holder system), Kajiado (agropastoral system) and Marsabit (pastoral system).20

Mentions: We surveyed three administrative counties, each representing a different predominant livestock production system: Kiambu (small-holder system), Kajiado (agropastoral system) and Marsabit (pastoral system) (Table 1, Figure 1Figure 1.


Strong Association Between Human and Animal Brucella Seropositivity in a Linked Study in Kenya, 2012-2013.

Osoro EM, Munyua P, Omulo S, Ogola E, Ade F, Mbatha P, Mbabu M, Ng'ang'a Z, Kairu S, Maritim M, Thumbi SM, Bitek A, Gaichugi S, Rubin C, Njenga K, Guerra M - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2015)

Map of Kenya showing the three counties where the study was carried out. Each study county represents a predominantly unique production system; Kiambu (small-holder system), Kajiado (agropastoral system) and Marsabit (pastoral system).20
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4530738&req=5

Figure 1: Map of Kenya showing the three counties where the study was carried out. Each study county represents a predominantly unique production system; Kiambu (small-holder system), Kajiado (agropastoral system) and Marsabit (pastoral system).20
Mentions: We surveyed three administrative counties, each representing a different predominant livestock production system: Kiambu (small-holder system), Kajiado (agropastoral system) and Marsabit (pastoral system) (Table 1, Figure 1Figure 1.

Bottom Line: There was a 6-fold odds of human seropositivity in households with a seropositive animal compared with those without.Attaining at least high school education and above was a protective factor for human seropositivity (aOR = 0.3, 95% CI = 0.3-0.4).This linked study provides evidence of a strong association between human and animal seropositivity at the household level.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive and Promotive Health, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya; Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington; Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; Directorate of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Nairobi, Kenya; College of Health Sciences, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia eosoro@zdukenya.org.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus