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Emotional Processing, Recognition, Empathy and Evoked Facial Expression in Eating Disorders: An Experimental Study to Map Deficits in Social Cognition.

Cardi V, Corfield F, Leppanen J, Rhind C, Deriziotis S, Hadjimichalis A, Hibbs R, Micali N, Treasure J - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Participants with EDs did not display specific abnormalities in emotional processing, recognition and empathic response to others' basic discrete emotions.However, they had poorer facial expressivity and a tendency to turn away from emotional displays.Treatments focusing on the development of non-verbal emotional communication skills might be of benefit for patients with EDs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Section of Eating Disorders, Psychological Medicine, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT

Background: Difficulties in social cognition have been identified in eating disorders (EDs), but the exact profile of these abnormalities is unclear. The aim of this study is to examine distinct processes of social-cognition in this patient group, including attentional processing and recognition, empathic reaction and evoked facial expression in response to discrete vignettes of others displaying positive (i.e. happiness) or negative (i.e. sadness and anger) emotions.

Method: One hundred and thirty-eight female participants were included in the study: 73 healthy controls (HCs) and 65 individuals with an ED (49 with Anorexia Nervosa and 16 with Bulimia Nervosa). Self-report and behavioural measures were used.

Results: Participants with EDs did not display specific abnormalities in emotional processing, recognition and empathic response to others' basic discrete emotions. However, they had poorer facial expressivity and a tendency to turn away from emotional displays.

Conclusion: Treatments focusing on the development of non-verbal emotional communication skills might be of benefit for patients with EDs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Attentional response to happy and sad expressions in participants with Eating Disorders and Healthy Controls.Attentional response to happy and sad facial expressions (500 ms) compared between currently ill people (EDs) and and healthy controls (HCs). Attentional bias scores expressed as means, in milliseconds (ms).
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pone.0133827.g001: Attentional response to happy and sad expressions in participants with Eating Disorders and Healthy Controls.Attentional response to happy and sad facial expressions (500 ms) compared between currently ill people (EDs) and and healthy controls (HCs). Attentional bias scores expressed as means, in milliseconds (ms).

Mentions: There was a trend towards an overall difference between groups in the attentional response to emotional cues (Group x Emotional Face: F1, 130 = 3.5; p = .06). Participants with an ED had a tendency for a stronger attentional disengagement from facial expressions of happiness than HCs (t131 = 1.4; p = .2). Also, mean scores showed that EDs had a bias towards sad expressions, whereas HCs disengaged from these stimuli (t135 = -1.5, p = .1). Fig 1 and Table 2 show the attentional response to happy and sad expressions in the ED and HC groups.


Emotional Processing, Recognition, Empathy and Evoked Facial Expression in Eating Disorders: An Experimental Study to Map Deficits in Social Cognition.

Cardi V, Corfield F, Leppanen J, Rhind C, Deriziotis S, Hadjimichalis A, Hibbs R, Micali N, Treasure J - PLoS ONE (2015)

Attentional response to happy and sad expressions in participants with Eating Disorders and Healthy Controls.Attentional response to happy and sad facial expressions (500 ms) compared between currently ill people (EDs) and and healthy controls (HCs). Attentional bias scores expressed as means, in milliseconds (ms).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4529105&req=5

pone.0133827.g001: Attentional response to happy and sad expressions in participants with Eating Disorders and Healthy Controls.Attentional response to happy and sad facial expressions (500 ms) compared between currently ill people (EDs) and and healthy controls (HCs). Attentional bias scores expressed as means, in milliseconds (ms).
Mentions: There was a trend towards an overall difference between groups in the attentional response to emotional cues (Group x Emotional Face: F1, 130 = 3.5; p = .06). Participants with an ED had a tendency for a stronger attentional disengagement from facial expressions of happiness than HCs (t131 = 1.4; p = .2). Also, mean scores showed that EDs had a bias towards sad expressions, whereas HCs disengaged from these stimuli (t135 = -1.5, p = .1). Fig 1 and Table 2 show the attentional response to happy and sad expressions in the ED and HC groups.

Bottom Line: Participants with EDs did not display specific abnormalities in emotional processing, recognition and empathic response to others' basic discrete emotions.However, they had poorer facial expressivity and a tendency to turn away from emotional displays.Treatments focusing on the development of non-verbal emotional communication skills might be of benefit for patients with EDs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Section of Eating Disorders, Psychological Medicine, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT

Background: Difficulties in social cognition have been identified in eating disorders (EDs), but the exact profile of these abnormalities is unclear. The aim of this study is to examine distinct processes of social-cognition in this patient group, including attentional processing and recognition, empathic reaction and evoked facial expression in response to discrete vignettes of others displaying positive (i.e. happiness) or negative (i.e. sadness and anger) emotions.

Method: One hundred and thirty-eight female participants were included in the study: 73 healthy controls (HCs) and 65 individuals with an ED (49 with Anorexia Nervosa and 16 with Bulimia Nervosa). Self-report and behavioural measures were used.

Results: Participants with EDs did not display specific abnormalities in emotional processing, recognition and empathic response to others' basic discrete emotions. However, they had poorer facial expressivity and a tendency to turn away from emotional displays.

Conclusion: Treatments focusing on the development of non-verbal emotional communication skills might be of benefit for patients with EDs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus