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Comparisons of family environment between homeless and non-homeless individuals with schizophrenia in Xiangtan, Hunan.

Chen J, Chen J, Li S, Liu J, Ouyang G, Luo W, Guo X, Li T, Li K, Li Z, Wang G - Shanghai Arch Psychiatry (2015)

Bottom Line: After controlling for demographic differences using multivariate logistic regression models, homelessness was independently associated higher scores in the FES-CV intellectual-cultural orientation, organization, achievement orientation, and control subscales and with lower scores in the FES-CV cohesion, moralreligious emphasis, independence, and active-recreational orientation subscales.Further work is needed to identify interventions that can reduce the risk of homelessness in high-risk individuals.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Fifth Ren Min Hospital of Xiangtan, Hunan, Xiangtan, Hunan Province, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Homelessness is an increasingly important problem for individuals with serious mental illness in China.

Aim: Identify the characteristics of families that are associated with homelessness among individuals with schizophrenia.

Methods: Participants were 1856 homeless individuals with schizophrenia (defined as those who had no place of residence or involved caregivers for 7 consecutive days) and 1728 non-homeless individuals with schizophrenia from Xiangtan, Hunan. The self-completion Family Environment Scale-Chinese Version (FES-CV) was administered to these participants after their acute psychotic symptoms resolved.

Results: Compared to individuals in the non-homeless group, those in the homeless group were older and more likely to be non-locals (i.e., from outside of Xiangtan), be residents of rural (versus urban) communities, have temporary (versus permanent) jobs, be married, and have a low level of education. After controlling for demographic differences using multivariate logistic regression models, homelessness was independently associated higher scores in the FES-CV intellectual-cultural orientation, organization, achievement orientation, and control subscales and with lower scores in the FES-CV cohesion, moralreligious emphasis, independence, and active-recreational orientation subscales.

Conclusion: After controlling for sociodemographic factors, certain aspects of the family environment areassociated with being homeless among patients with schizophrenia in China. Further work is needed to identify interventions that can reduce the risk of homelessness in high-risk individuals.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

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sap-27-03-175-g002.tif: Flowchart of the study


Comparisons of family environment between homeless and non-homeless individuals with schizophrenia in Xiangtan, Hunan.

Chen J, Chen J, Li S, Liu J, Ouyang G, Luo W, Guo X, Li T, Li K, Li Z, Wang G - Shanghai Arch Psychiatry (2015)

Flowchart of the study
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526830&req=5

sap-27-03-175-g002.tif: Flowchart of the study
Bottom Line: After controlling for demographic differences using multivariate logistic regression models, homelessness was independently associated higher scores in the FES-CV intellectual-cultural orientation, organization, achievement orientation, and control subscales and with lower scores in the FES-CV cohesion, moralreligious emphasis, independence, and active-recreational orientation subscales.Further work is needed to identify interventions that can reduce the risk of homelessness in high-risk individuals.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Fifth Ren Min Hospital of Xiangtan, Hunan, Xiangtan, Hunan Province, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Homelessness is an increasingly important problem for individuals with serious mental illness in China.

Aim: Identify the characteristics of families that are associated with homelessness among individuals with schizophrenia.

Methods: Participants were 1856 homeless individuals with schizophrenia (defined as those who had no place of residence or involved caregivers for 7 consecutive days) and 1728 non-homeless individuals with schizophrenia from Xiangtan, Hunan. The self-completion Family Environment Scale-Chinese Version (FES-CV) was administered to these participants after their acute psychotic symptoms resolved.

Results: Compared to individuals in the non-homeless group, those in the homeless group were older and more likely to be non-locals (i.e., from outside of Xiangtan), be residents of rural (versus urban) communities, have temporary (versus permanent) jobs, be married, and have a low level of education. After controlling for demographic differences using multivariate logistic regression models, homelessness was independently associated higher scores in the FES-CV intellectual-cultural orientation, organization, achievement orientation, and control subscales and with lower scores in the FES-CV cohesion, moralreligious emphasis, independence, and active-recreational orientation subscales.

Conclusion: After controlling for sociodemographic factors, certain aspects of the family environment areassociated with being homeless among patients with schizophrenia in China. Further work is needed to identify interventions that can reduce the risk of homelessness in high-risk individuals.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus