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Near Work Related Parameters and Myopia in Chinese Children: the Anyang Childhood Eye Study.

Li SM, Li SY, Kang MT, Zhou Y, Liu LR, Li H, Wang YP, Zhan SY, Gopinath B, Mitchell P, Wang N, Anyang Childhood Eye Study Gro - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Questions were asked regarding time spent in near work and outdoors per day, and near work related parameters.Television viewing distance (≤ 3 m), fluorescent desk light, close reading distance (≤20 cm) and close nib-to-fingertip distance (≤ 2 cm) were significantly associated with longer axial length (P<0.01).Continuous reading, close distances of reading, television viewing and nib-to-fingertip, head tilt when writing, reading more books for pleasure and use of fluorescent desk light were significantly associated with myopia in 12-year-old Chinese children, which indicates that visual behaviors and environments may be important factors mediating the effects of near work on myopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Ophthalmology Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To examine the associations of near work related parameters with spherical equivalent refraction and axial length in Chinese children.

Methods: A total of 1770 grade 7 students with mean age of 12.7 years were examined with cycloplegic autorefraction and axial length. Questions were asked regarding time spent in near work and outdoors per day, and near work related parameters.

Results: Multivariate models revealed the following associations with greater odds of myopia: continuous reading (> 45min), odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-1.8; close television viewing distance (≤ 3m), OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2-2.3; head tilt when writing, OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7, and desk lighting using fluorescent vs. incandescent lamp, OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-2.0. These factors, together with close reading distance and close nib-to-fingertip distance were significantly associated with greater myopia (P<0.01). Among near work activities, only reading more books for pleasure was significantly associated with greater myopia (P=0.03). Television viewing distance (≤ 3 m), fluorescent desk light, close reading distance (≤20 cm) and close nib-to-fingertip distance (≤ 2 cm) were significantly associated with longer axial length (P<0.01). Reading distance, desk light, and reading books for pleasure had significant interaction effects with parental myopia.

Conclusions: Continuous reading, close distances of reading, television viewing and nib-to-fingertip, head tilt when writing, reading more books for pleasure and use of fluorescent desk light were significantly associated with myopia in 12-year-old Chinese children, which indicates that visual behaviors and environments may be important factors mediating the effects of near work on myopia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (OR, adjusted for age, gender and height) for prevalent myopia by reading distance versus number of myopic parents (1A) and by type of desk light versus number of myopic parents (1B) in children.Reading distance was divided into ≤ 20 cm and > 20 cm. The children with reading distance > 20 cm and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1). Type of desk light was divided into fluorescent and incandescent lamp. The children with desk light of incandescent lamp and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1).
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pone.0134514.g001: Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (OR, adjusted for age, gender and height) for prevalent myopia by reading distance versus number of myopic parents (1A) and by type of desk light versus number of myopic parents (1B) in children.Reading distance was divided into ≤ 20 cm and > 20 cm. The children with reading distance > 20 cm and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1). Type of desk light was divided into fluorescent and incandescent lamp. The children with desk light of incandescent lamp and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1).

Mentions: In multivariate models, there was a significant interaction of parental myopia and close reading distance for a greater likelihood of myopia (P = 0.02). Children with close reading distances and two myopic parents had 26-fold higher odds for prevalent myopia (OR, 26.3; 95% CI, 3.6–191.1, P = 0.001) than children with reading distances > 20 cm and no myopic parent (Fig 1A). The number of children with 0, 1 and 2 myopic parents was 438, 184 and 56 for those with close reading distance, and 516, 149 and 36 for those with reading distances > 20 cm.


Near Work Related Parameters and Myopia in Chinese Children: the Anyang Childhood Eye Study.

Li SM, Li SY, Kang MT, Zhou Y, Liu LR, Li H, Wang YP, Zhan SY, Gopinath B, Mitchell P, Wang N, Anyang Childhood Eye Study Gro - PLoS ONE (2015)

Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (OR, adjusted for age, gender and height) for prevalent myopia by reading distance versus number of myopic parents (1A) and by type of desk light versus number of myopic parents (1B) in children.Reading distance was divided into ≤ 20 cm and > 20 cm. The children with reading distance > 20 cm and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1). Type of desk light was divided into fluorescent and incandescent lamp. The children with desk light of incandescent lamp and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526691&req=5

pone.0134514.g001: Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (OR, adjusted for age, gender and height) for prevalent myopia by reading distance versus number of myopic parents (1A) and by type of desk light versus number of myopic parents (1B) in children.Reading distance was divided into ≤ 20 cm and > 20 cm. The children with reading distance > 20 cm and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1). Type of desk light was divided into fluorescent and incandescent lamp. The children with desk light of incandescent lamp and no myopic parents is the reference group (OR, 1).
Mentions: In multivariate models, there was a significant interaction of parental myopia and close reading distance for a greater likelihood of myopia (P = 0.02). Children with close reading distances and two myopic parents had 26-fold higher odds for prevalent myopia (OR, 26.3; 95% CI, 3.6–191.1, P = 0.001) than children with reading distances > 20 cm and no myopic parent (Fig 1A). The number of children with 0, 1 and 2 myopic parents was 438, 184 and 56 for those with close reading distance, and 516, 149 and 36 for those with reading distances > 20 cm.

Bottom Line: Questions were asked regarding time spent in near work and outdoors per day, and near work related parameters.Television viewing distance (≤ 3 m), fluorescent desk light, close reading distance (≤20 cm) and close nib-to-fingertip distance (≤ 2 cm) were significantly associated with longer axial length (P<0.01).Continuous reading, close distances of reading, television viewing and nib-to-fingertip, head tilt when writing, reading more books for pleasure and use of fluorescent desk light were significantly associated with myopia in 12-year-old Chinese children, which indicates that visual behaviors and environments may be important factors mediating the effects of near work on myopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Ophthalmology Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To examine the associations of near work related parameters with spherical equivalent refraction and axial length in Chinese children.

Methods: A total of 1770 grade 7 students with mean age of 12.7 years were examined with cycloplegic autorefraction and axial length. Questions were asked regarding time spent in near work and outdoors per day, and near work related parameters.

Results: Multivariate models revealed the following associations with greater odds of myopia: continuous reading (> 45min), odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-1.8; close television viewing distance (≤ 3m), OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2-2.3; head tilt when writing, OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7, and desk lighting using fluorescent vs. incandescent lamp, OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-2.0. These factors, together with close reading distance and close nib-to-fingertip distance were significantly associated with greater myopia (P<0.01). Among near work activities, only reading more books for pleasure was significantly associated with greater myopia (P=0.03). Television viewing distance (≤ 3 m), fluorescent desk light, close reading distance (≤20 cm) and close nib-to-fingertip distance (≤ 2 cm) were significantly associated with longer axial length (P<0.01). Reading distance, desk light, and reading books for pleasure had significant interaction effects with parental myopia.

Conclusions: Continuous reading, close distances of reading, television viewing and nib-to-fingertip, head tilt when writing, reading more books for pleasure and use of fluorescent desk light were significantly associated with myopia in 12-year-old Chinese children, which indicates that visual behaviors and environments may be important factors mediating the effects of near work on myopia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus