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Identification and Characterization of MicroRNAs from Longitudinal Muscle and Respiratory Tree in Sea Cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) Using High-Throughput Sequencing.

Wang H, Liu S, Cui J, Li C, Hu Y, Zhou W, Chang Y, Qiu X, Liu Z, Wang X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Among them, 9 miRNAs (miR-31a-3p, miR-738, miR-1692, let-7a, miR-72a, miR-100b-5p, miR-31b-5p, miR-429-3p, and miR-2008) in RPT and 7 miRNAs (miR-127, miR-340, miR-381, miR-3543, miR-434-5p, miR-136-3p, and miR-300-3p) in LTM were differentially expressed with foldchange value being greater than 10.Functional analysis of these target genes of miRNAs were performed by GO analysis and pathway analysis.This result provided in this work will be useful for understanding biological characteristics of the LTM and RPT of sea cucumber and assisting molecular breeding of sea cucumber for aquaculture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Mariculture & Stock Enhancement in North China's Sea, Ministry of Agriculture, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China.

ABSTRACT
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as a family of non-coding small RNAs, play important roles in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) is an important economic species which is widely cultured in East Asia. The longitudinal muscle (LTM) and respiratory tree (RPT) are two important tissues in sea cucumber, playing important roles such as respiration and movement. In this study, we identified and characterized miRNAs in the LTM and RPT of sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) using Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform. A total of 314 and 221 conserved miRNAs were identified in LTM and RPT, respectively. In addition, 27 and 34 novel miRNAs were identified in the LTM and RPT, respectively. A set of 58 miRNAs were identified to be differentially expressed between LTM and RPT. Among them, 9 miRNAs (miR-31a-3p, miR-738, miR-1692, let-7a, miR-72a, miR-100b-5p, miR-31b-5p, miR-429-3p, and miR-2008) in RPT and 7 miRNAs (miR-127, miR-340, miR-381, miR-3543, miR-434-5p, miR-136-3p, and miR-300-3p) in LTM were differentially expressed with foldchange value being greater than 10. A total of 14,207 and 12,174 target genes of these miRNAs were predicted, respectively. Functional analysis of these target genes of miRNAs were performed by GO analysis and pathway analysis. This result provided in this work will be useful for understanding biological characteristics of the LTM and RPT of sea cucumber and assisting molecular breeding of sea cucumber for aquaculture.

No MeSH data available.


Differential expression of miRNAs between LTM and RPT.miRNAs with foldchanges between -10 and 10 were highlighted in red; foldchanges between -2 and -10 or between 2 and 10 were highlighted in green; and foldchanges between -2 and 2 were highlighted in purple.
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pone.0134899.g004: Differential expression of miRNAs between LTM and RPT.miRNAs with foldchanges between -10 and 10 were highlighted in red; foldchanges between -2 and -10 or between 2 and 10 were highlighted in green; and foldchanges between -2 and 2 were highlighted in purple.

Mentions: A total of 58 miRNAs with foldchange values >2 or <-2 were identified as significantly differentially expressed miRNAs (Fig 4). Seven miRNAs, including miR-127, miR-340, miR-381, miR-3543, miR-434-5p, miR-136-3p, miR-300-3p were expressed at higher levels in LRM (Foldchange values >10). Nine miRNAs, including miR-31a-3p, miR-738, miR-1692, let-7a, miR-72a, miR-100b-5p, miR-31b-5p, miR-429-3p, miR-2008, were expressed at higher level in RPT (Foldchange values <-10).


Identification and Characterization of MicroRNAs from Longitudinal Muscle and Respiratory Tree in Sea Cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) Using High-Throughput Sequencing.

Wang H, Liu S, Cui J, Li C, Hu Y, Zhou W, Chang Y, Qiu X, Liu Z, Wang X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Differential expression of miRNAs between LTM and RPT.miRNAs with foldchanges between -10 and 10 were highlighted in red; foldchanges between -2 and -10 or between 2 and 10 were highlighted in green; and foldchanges between -2 and 2 were highlighted in purple.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526669&req=5

pone.0134899.g004: Differential expression of miRNAs between LTM and RPT.miRNAs with foldchanges between -10 and 10 were highlighted in red; foldchanges between -2 and -10 or between 2 and 10 were highlighted in green; and foldchanges between -2 and 2 were highlighted in purple.
Mentions: A total of 58 miRNAs with foldchange values >2 or <-2 were identified as significantly differentially expressed miRNAs (Fig 4). Seven miRNAs, including miR-127, miR-340, miR-381, miR-3543, miR-434-5p, miR-136-3p, miR-300-3p were expressed at higher levels in LRM (Foldchange values >10). Nine miRNAs, including miR-31a-3p, miR-738, miR-1692, let-7a, miR-72a, miR-100b-5p, miR-31b-5p, miR-429-3p, miR-2008, were expressed at higher level in RPT (Foldchange values <-10).

Bottom Line: Among them, 9 miRNAs (miR-31a-3p, miR-738, miR-1692, let-7a, miR-72a, miR-100b-5p, miR-31b-5p, miR-429-3p, and miR-2008) in RPT and 7 miRNAs (miR-127, miR-340, miR-381, miR-3543, miR-434-5p, miR-136-3p, and miR-300-3p) in LTM were differentially expressed with foldchange value being greater than 10.Functional analysis of these target genes of miRNAs were performed by GO analysis and pathway analysis.This result provided in this work will be useful for understanding biological characteristics of the LTM and RPT of sea cucumber and assisting molecular breeding of sea cucumber for aquaculture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Mariculture & Stock Enhancement in North China's Sea, Ministry of Agriculture, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China.

ABSTRACT
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as a family of non-coding small RNAs, play important roles in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) is an important economic species which is widely cultured in East Asia. The longitudinal muscle (LTM) and respiratory tree (RPT) are two important tissues in sea cucumber, playing important roles such as respiration and movement. In this study, we identified and characterized miRNAs in the LTM and RPT of sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) using Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform. A total of 314 and 221 conserved miRNAs were identified in LTM and RPT, respectively. In addition, 27 and 34 novel miRNAs were identified in the LTM and RPT, respectively. A set of 58 miRNAs were identified to be differentially expressed between LTM and RPT. Among them, 9 miRNAs (miR-31a-3p, miR-738, miR-1692, let-7a, miR-72a, miR-100b-5p, miR-31b-5p, miR-429-3p, and miR-2008) in RPT and 7 miRNAs (miR-127, miR-340, miR-381, miR-3543, miR-434-5p, miR-136-3p, and miR-300-3p) in LTM were differentially expressed with foldchange value being greater than 10. A total of 14,207 and 12,174 target genes of these miRNAs were predicted, respectively. Functional analysis of these target genes of miRNAs were performed by GO analysis and pathway analysis. This result provided in this work will be useful for understanding biological characteristics of the LTM and RPT of sea cucumber and assisting molecular breeding of sea cucumber for aquaculture.

No MeSH data available.