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Genotoxic Evaluation of Mexican Welders Occupationally Exposed to Welding-Fumes Using the Micronucleus Test on Exfoliated Oral Mucosa Cells: A Cross-Sectional, Case-Control Study.

Jara-Ettinger AC, López-Tavera JC, Zavala-Cerna MG, Torres-Bugarín O - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Previous studies show that the exposure to such fumes is associated with damage to genetic material and increased cancer risk.After adjusting for smoking, the regression results showed that the occurrence of binucleated cells could be predicted by the exposure to welding-fumes plus the presence of tobacco consumption; for the condensed-chromatin cells, our model showed that the exposure to welding-fumes is the only reliable predictor.Further studies should shed more light on this subject.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico.

ABSTRACT

Background: An estimated 800,000 people worldwide are occupationally exposed to welding-fumes. Previous studies show that the exposure to such fumes is associated with damage to genetic material and increased cancer risk. In this study, we evaluate the genotoxic effect of welding-fumes using the Micronucleus Test on oral mucosa cells of Mexican welders.

Material and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, matched case-control study of n = 66 (33 exposed welders, and 33 healthy controls). Buccal mucosa smears were collected and stained with acridine orange, observed under 100x optical amplification with a fluorescence lamp, and a single-blinded observer counted the number of micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities per 2,000 observed cells. We compared the frequencies of micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities, and fitted generalised linear models to investigate the interactions between nuclear abnormalities and the exposure to welding-fumes, while controlling for smoking and age.

Results: Binucleated cells and condensed-chromatin cells showed statistically significant differences between cases and controls. The frequency of micronuclei and the rest of nuclear abnormalities (lobed-nuclei, pyknosis, karyolysis, and karyorrhexis) did not differ significantly between the groups. After adjusting for smoking, the regression results showed that the occurrence of binucleated cells could be predicted by the exposure to welding-fumes plus the presence of tobacco consumption; for the condensed-chromatin cells, our model showed that the exposure to welding-fumes is the only reliable predictor.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that Mexican welders who are occupationally exposed to welding-fumes have increased counts of binucleated and condensed-chromatin cells. Nevertheless, the frequencies of micronuclei and the rest of nuclear abnormalities did not differ between cases and controls. Further studies should shed more light on this subject.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The estimated Odds Ratios of Binucleated Cells depending of the exposure to welding-fumes and tobacco use.BN ~ exposure + tobacco use + intercept. The error bars show the 95% confidence intervals of OR of each term. Intercept = 1.64; R2CS = 0.751; R2n = 0.792. Significance codes: 0 ‘***’, 0.01 ‘*’.
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pone.0131548.g002: The estimated Odds Ratios of Binucleated Cells depending of the exposure to welding-fumes and tobacco use.BN ~ exposure + tobacco use + intercept. The error bars show the 95% confidence intervals of OR of each term. Intercept = 1.64; R2CS = 0.751; R2n = 0.792. Significance codes: 0 ‘***’, 0.01 ‘*’.

Mentions: The results of the BN model (Fig 2 and Table 3) reveal that welders were 1.19 times more likely to have increased BN counts (β = 0.981, p = 2.39 × 10−6). Age was a modest, yet significant, predictor of BN (OR = 1.02, beta = 0.0166 p = 0.0068); while participants who smoked, surprisingly showed smaller probabilities of having higher counts of BN cells (OR = 0.54, beta = -0.623, p = 0.0016).


Genotoxic Evaluation of Mexican Welders Occupationally Exposed to Welding-Fumes Using the Micronucleus Test on Exfoliated Oral Mucosa Cells: A Cross-Sectional, Case-Control Study.

Jara-Ettinger AC, López-Tavera JC, Zavala-Cerna MG, Torres-Bugarín O - PLoS ONE (2015)

The estimated Odds Ratios of Binucleated Cells depending of the exposure to welding-fumes and tobacco use.BN ~ exposure + tobacco use + intercept. The error bars show the 95% confidence intervals of OR of each term. Intercept = 1.64; R2CS = 0.751; R2n = 0.792. Significance codes: 0 ‘***’, 0.01 ‘*’.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526553&req=5

pone.0131548.g002: The estimated Odds Ratios of Binucleated Cells depending of the exposure to welding-fumes and tobacco use.BN ~ exposure + tobacco use + intercept. The error bars show the 95% confidence intervals of OR of each term. Intercept = 1.64; R2CS = 0.751; R2n = 0.792. Significance codes: 0 ‘***’, 0.01 ‘*’.
Mentions: The results of the BN model (Fig 2 and Table 3) reveal that welders were 1.19 times more likely to have increased BN counts (β = 0.981, p = 2.39 × 10−6). Age was a modest, yet significant, predictor of BN (OR = 1.02, beta = 0.0166 p = 0.0068); while participants who smoked, surprisingly showed smaller probabilities of having higher counts of BN cells (OR = 0.54, beta = -0.623, p = 0.0016).

Bottom Line: Previous studies show that the exposure to such fumes is associated with damage to genetic material and increased cancer risk.After adjusting for smoking, the regression results showed that the occurrence of binucleated cells could be predicted by the exposure to welding-fumes plus the presence of tobacco consumption; for the condensed-chromatin cells, our model showed that the exposure to welding-fumes is the only reliable predictor.Further studies should shed more light on this subject.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico.

ABSTRACT

Background: An estimated 800,000 people worldwide are occupationally exposed to welding-fumes. Previous studies show that the exposure to such fumes is associated with damage to genetic material and increased cancer risk. In this study, we evaluate the genotoxic effect of welding-fumes using the Micronucleus Test on oral mucosa cells of Mexican welders.

Material and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, matched case-control study of n = 66 (33 exposed welders, and 33 healthy controls). Buccal mucosa smears were collected and stained with acridine orange, observed under 100x optical amplification with a fluorescence lamp, and a single-blinded observer counted the number of micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities per 2,000 observed cells. We compared the frequencies of micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities, and fitted generalised linear models to investigate the interactions between nuclear abnormalities and the exposure to welding-fumes, while controlling for smoking and age.

Results: Binucleated cells and condensed-chromatin cells showed statistically significant differences between cases and controls. The frequency of micronuclei and the rest of nuclear abnormalities (lobed-nuclei, pyknosis, karyolysis, and karyorrhexis) did not differ significantly between the groups. After adjusting for smoking, the regression results showed that the occurrence of binucleated cells could be predicted by the exposure to welding-fumes plus the presence of tobacco consumption; for the condensed-chromatin cells, our model showed that the exposure to welding-fumes is the only reliable predictor.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that Mexican welders who are occupationally exposed to welding-fumes have increased counts of binucleated and condensed-chromatin cells. Nevertheless, the frequencies of micronuclei and the rest of nuclear abnormalities did not differ between cases and controls. Further studies should shed more light on this subject.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus