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Review of the 2012 Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Outbreak in Domestic Ruminants in the United States.

Stevens G, McCluskey B, King A, O'Hearn E, Mayr G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa.The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
An unusually large number of cases of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) were observed in United States cattle and white-tailed deer in the summer and fall of 2012. USDA APHIS Veterinary Services area offices were asked to report on foreign animal disease investigations and state diagnostic laboratory submissions which resulted in a diagnosis of EHD based on positive PCR results. EHD was reported in the following species: cattle (129 herds), captive white-tailed deer (65 herds), bison (8 herds), yak (6 herds), elk (1 herd), and sheep (1 flock). A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa. The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri. The most common clinical sign observed in the cattle and bison herds was oral lesions. The major observation in captive white-tailed deer herds was death. Average within-herd morbidity was 7% in cattle and bison herds, and 46% in captive white-tailed deer herds. The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Density of captive white-tailed deer EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a captive white-tailed deer case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.
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pone.0133359.g003: Density of captive white-tailed deer EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a captive white-tailed deer case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.

Mentions: Eleven states reported a total of 65 EHD cases in captive white-tailed deer identified through submissions to state diagnostic laboratories. Ohio (16 cases), Michigan (13 cases), and Iowa (13 cases) reported the most cases resulting from submissions to state laboratories. Missouri reported 9 cases resulting from submissions to state diagnostic laboratories. Missouri also reported 34 cases in white-tailed deer based on clinical signs as described in interviews with private practitioners. EHD cases in captive white-tailed deer by state are summarized in Table 3. The locations of cases in captive white-tailed deer are illustrated in Fig 3.


Review of the 2012 Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Outbreak in Domestic Ruminants in the United States.

Stevens G, McCluskey B, King A, O'Hearn E, Mayr G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Density of captive white-tailed deer EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a captive white-tailed deer case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526531&req=5

pone.0133359.g003: Density of captive white-tailed deer EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a captive white-tailed deer case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.
Mentions: Eleven states reported a total of 65 EHD cases in captive white-tailed deer identified through submissions to state diagnostic laboratories. Ohio (16 cases), Michigan (13 cases), and Iowa (13 cases) reported the most cases resulting from submissions to state laboratories. Missouri reported 9 cases resulting from submissions to state diagnostic laboratories. Missouri also reported 34 cases in white-tailed deer based on clinical signs as described in interviews with private practitioners. EHD cases in captive white-tailed deer by state are summarized in Table 3. The locations of cases in captive white-tailed deer are illustrated in Fig 3.

Bottom Line: A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa.The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
An unusually large number of cases of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) were observed in United States cattle and white-tailed deer in the summer and fall of 2012. USDA APHIS Veterinary Services area offices were asked to report on foreign animal disease investigations and state diagnostic laboratory submissions which resulted in a diagnosis of EHD based on positive PCR results. EHD was reported in the following species: cattle (129 herds), captive white-tailed deer (65 herds), bison (8 herds), yak (6 herds), elk (1 herd), and sheep (1 flock). A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa. The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri. The most common clinical sign observed in the cattle and bison herds was oral lesions. The major observation in captive white-tailed deer herds was death. Average within-herd morbidity was 7% in cattle and bison herds, and 46% in captive white-tailed deer herds. The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus