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Review of the 2012 Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Outbreak in Domestic Ruminants in the United States.

Stevens G, McCluskey B, King A, O'Hearn E, Mayr G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa.The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
An unusually large number of cases of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) were observed in United States cattle and white-tailed deer in the summer and fall of 2012. USDA APHIS Veterinary Services area offices were asked to report on foreign animal disease investigations and state diagnostic laboratory submissions which resulted in a diagnosis of EHD based on positive PCR results. EHD was reported in the following species: cattle (129 herds), captive white-tailed deer (65 herds), bison (8 herds), yak (6 herds), elk (1 herd), and sheep (1 flock). A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa. The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri. The most common clinical sign observed in the cattle and bison herds was oral lesions. The major observation in captive white-tailed deer herds was death. Average within-herd morbidity was 7% in cattle and bison herds, and 46% in captive white-tailed deer herds. The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of new EHD cases in cattle and bison by week.
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pone.0133359.g002: Number of new EHD cases in cattle and bison by week.

Mentions: The first case of EHD in cattle or bison was reported during the week of August 12, 2012, in Nebraska. The last case was reported during the week of November 25, 2012, in South Dakota. The majority of the cases (74%) were reported between the weeks of September 2 and September 30, 2012. Fig 2 summarizes the number of EHD cases by week in cattle and bison.


Review of the 2012 Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Outbreak in Domestic Ruminants in the United States.

Stevens G, McCluskey B, King A, O'Hearn E, Mayr G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Number of new EHD cases in cattle and bison by week.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526531&req=5

pone.0133359.g002: Number of new EHD cases in cattle and bison by week.
Mentions: The first case of EHD in cattle or bison was reported during the week of August 12, 2012, in Nebraska. The last case was reported during the week of November 25, 2012, in South Dakota. The majority of the cases (74%) were reported between the weeks of September 2 and September 30, 2012. Fig 2 summarizes the number of EHD cases by week in cattle and bison.

Bottom Line: A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa.The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
An unusually large number of cases of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) were observed in United States cattle and white-tailed deer in the summer and fall of 2012. USDA APHIS Veterinary Services area offices were asked to report on foreign animal disease investigations and state diagnostic laboratory submissions which resulted in a diagnosis of EHD based on positive PCR results. EHD was reported in the following species: cattle (129 herds), captive white-tailed deer (65 herds), bison (8 herds), yak (6 herds), elk (1 herd), and sheep (1 flock). A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa. The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri. The most common clinical sign observed in the cattle and bison herds was oral lesions. The major observation in captive white-tailed deer herds was death. Average within-herd morbidity was 7% in cattle and bison herds, and 46% in captive white-tailed deer herds. The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus