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Review of the 2012 Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Outbreak in Domestic Ruminants in the United States.

Stevens G, McCluskey B, King A, O'Hearn E, Mayr G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa.The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
An unusually large number of cases of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) were observed in United States cattle and white-tailed deer in the summer and fall of 2012. USDA APHIS Veterinary Services area offices were asked to report on foreign animal disease investigations and state diagnostic laboratory submissions which resulted in a diagnosis of EHD based on positive PCR results. EHD was reported in the following species: cattle (129 herds), captive white-tailed deer (65 herds), bison (8 herds), yak (6 herds), elk (1 herd), and sheep (1 flock). A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa. The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri. The most common clinical sign observed in the cattle and bison herds was oral lesions. The major observation in captive white-tailed deer herds was death. Average within-herd morbidity was 7% in cattle and bison herds, and 46% in captive white-tailed deer herds. The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Density of bovine EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a bovine case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.
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pone.0133359.g001: Density of bovine EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a bovine case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.

Mentions: EHD cases resulting from FAD investigations of vesicular conditions in cattle and bison were reported from 12 states. Eighty cases were reported in cattle and 3 in bison. Nebraska (46 cases) and Iowa (22 cases) reported the most cases of EHD resulting from FAD investigations. EHD-positive cases resulting from submissions to state diagnostic laboratories were reported from 7 states. Forty-nine cases were reported in cattle and 5 cases were reported in bison. South Dakota (36 cases) and Iowa (9 cases) reported the most cases resulting from submissions to state laboratories. Overall, 15 states reported EHD cases from FAD investigations or state laboratory submissions. One hundred twenty-nine cases were reported in cattle and 8 cases were reported in bison. Nebraska (49 cases), South Dakota (37 cases), and Iowa (31 cases) reported the most cases in cattle and bison. EHD cases in cattle and bison by state are summarized in Table 2. The locations of cases in cattle and bison are illustrated in Fig 1.


Review of the 2012 Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Outbreak in Domestic Ruminants in the United States.

Stevens G, McCluskey B, King A, O'Hearn E, Mayr G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Density of bovine EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a bovine case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526531&req=5

pone.0133359.g001: Density of bovine EHD cases during 2012 outbreak.To protect the confidentiality of individual producers, each symbol represents a bovine case of EHD randomly placed in the county in which it occurred.
Mentions: EHD cases resulting from FAD investigations of vesicular conditions in cattle and bison were reported from 12 states. Eighty cases were reported in cattle and 3 in bison. Nebraska (46 cases) and Iowa (22 cases) reported the most cases of EHD resulting from FAD investigations. EHD-positive cases resulting from submissions to state diagnostic laboratories were reported from 7 states. Forty-nine cases were reported in cattle and 5 cases were reported in bison. South Dakota (36 cases) and Iowa (9 cases) reported the most cases resulting from submissions to state laboratories. Overall, 15 states reported EHD cases from FAD investigations or state laboratory submissions. One hundred twenty-nine cases were reported in cattle and 8 cases were reported in bison. Nebraska (49 cases), South Dakota (37 cases), and Iowa (31 cases) reported the most cases in cattle and bison. EHD cases in cattle and bison by state are summarized in Table 2. The locations of cases in cattle and bison are illustrated in Fig 1.

Bottom Line: A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa.The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
An unusually large number of cases of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) were observed in United States cattle and white-tailed deer in the summer and fall of 2012. USDA APHIS Veterinary Services area offices were asked to report on foreign animal disease investigations and state diagnostic laboratory submissions which resulted in a diagnosis of EHD based on positive PCR results. EHD was reported in the following species: cattle (129 herds), captive white-tailed deer (65 herds), bison (8 herds), yak (6 herds), elk (1 herd), and sheep (1 flock). A majority of the cases in cattle and bison were found in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Iowa. The majority of cases in captive white-tailed deer were found in Ohio, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri. The most common clinical sign observed in the cattle and bison herds was oral lesions. The major observation in captive white-tailed deer herds was death. Average within-herd morbidity was 7% in cattle and bison herds, and 46% in captive white-tailed deer herds. The average within-herd mortality in captive white-tailed deer herds was 42%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus