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Collision-spike Sputtering of Au Nanoparticles.

Sandoval L, Urbassek HM - Nanoscale Res Lett (2015)

Bottom Line: While this feature is reasonably well understood for collision-cascade sputtering, we explore it in the regime of collision-spike sputtering using molecular-dynamics simulation.For the particular case of 200-keV Xe bombardment of Au particles, we show that collision spikes lead to abundant sputtering with an average yield of 397 ± 121 atoms compared to only 116 ± 48 atoms for a bulk Au target.The sputter yield of supported nanoparticles is estimated to be around 80 % of that of free nanoparticles due to the suppression of forward sputtering.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545, USA.

ABSTRACT
Ion irradiation of nanoparticles leads to enhanced sputter yields if the nanoparticle size is of the order of the ion penetration depth. While this feature is reasonably well understood for collision-cascade sputtering, we explore it in the regime of collision-spike sputtering using molecular-dynamics simulation. For the particular case of 200-keV Xe bombardment of Au particles, we show that collision spikes lead to abundant sputtering with an average yield of 397 ± 121 atoms compared to only 116 ± 48 atoms for a bulk Au target. Only around 31 % of the impact energy remains in the nanoparticles after impact; the remainder is transported away by the transmitted projectile and the ejecta. The sputter yield of supported nanoparticles is estimated to be around 80 % of that of free nanoparticles due to the suppression of forward sputtering.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Temporal evolution of the sputter yield. Data obtained as average over central impacts
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Fig2: Temporal evolution of the sputter yield. Data obtained as average over central impacts

Mentions: Figure 2 demonstrates that particle emission proceeds over long time scales, beyond 30 ps. This is typical of spike sputtering: while collision-cascade sputtering is usually terminated after a few ps, sputtering from spikes is accompanied by strong changes in the target surface topography (crater formation), late emission caused by the high temperatures prevailing close to the irradiated surface, and emission of large clusters late after impact [33, 34]. A recent review stresses the importance of both gas-flow emission to the sputtering process and melt flow to crater formation in spike processes [35].Fig. 2


Collision-spike Sputtering of Au Nanoparticles.

Sandoval L, Urbassek HM - Nanoscale Res Lett (2015)

Temporal evolution of the sputter yield. Data obtained as average over central impacts
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526510&req=5

Fig2: Temporal evolution of the sputter yield. Data obtained as average over central impacts
Mentions: Figure 2 demonstrates that particle emission proceeds over long time scales, beyond 30 ps. This is typical of spike sputtering: while collision-cascade sputtering is usually terminated after a few ps, sputtering from spikes is accompanied by strong changes in the target surface topography (crater formation), late emission caused by the high temperatures prevailing close to the irradiated surface, and emission of large clusters late after impact [33, 34]. A recent review stresses the importance of both gas-flow emission to the sputtering process and melt flow to crater formation in spike processes [35].Fig. 2

Bottom Line: While this feature is reasonably well understood for collision-cascade sputtering, we explore it in the regime of collision-spike sputtering using molecular-dynamics simulation.For the particular case of 200-keV Xe bombardment of Au particles, we show that collision spikes lead to abundant sputtering with an average yield of 397 ± 121 atoms compared to only 116 ± 48 atoms for a bulk Au target.The sputter yield of supported nanoparticles is estimated to be around 80 % of that of free nanoparticles due to the suppression of forward sputtering.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545, USA.

ABSTRACT
Ion irradiation of nanoparticles leads to enhanced sputter yields if the nanoparticle size is of the order of the ion penetration depth. While this feature is reasonably well understood for collision-cascade sputtering, we explore it in the regime of collision-spike sputtering using molecular-dynamics simulation. For the particular case of 200-keV Xe bombardment of Au particles, we show that collision spikes lead to abundant sputtering with an average yield of 397 ± 121 atoms compared to only 116 ± 48 atoms for a bulk Au target. Only around 31 % of the impact energy remains in the nanoparticles after impact; the remainder is transported away by the transmitted projectile and the ejecta. The sputter yield of supported nanoparticles is estimated to be around 80 % of that of free nanoparticles due to the suppression of forward sputtering.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus