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Tree-Ring Dating of the Reshui-1 Tomb in Dulan County, Qinghai Province, North-West China.

Li M, Shao X, Yin ZY, Xu X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Moreover, the ring-width variations of the samples are consistent with the existing chronologies from the region.The presence of late-wood of AD 715 in the samples indicated that the Reshui-1 Tomb was completed in late AD 715 or early 716, which means that the Reshui-1 Tomb was finished in the Tubo age.This date provides direct evidence for archaeologists to determine the owner's ethnicity and identify of the Reshui-1 Tomb.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT
Tuyuhun and Tubo were two important states that thrived in north-western China during AD 311-900 in parallel with the Han Chinese dynasties of Sui and Tang periods. The Reshui Tomb Cluster located in Dulan County of the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau is an important cultural relic of the Tuyuhun-Tubo age. The official excavations of the Reshui tombs were regarded as top events in archaeology in the 1980s and 1990s in China. The Reshui-1 Tomb is the largest one among the tombs in the area. Since its excavation, there have been debates on whether the owner of the tomb belonged to the Tuyuhun or Tubo ethnicity. Therefore, accurately dating the Reshui-1 Tomb has a critical place in studying the Tubo and Tuyuhun histories. We collected 7 discs and 11 increment cores of Qilian juniper (Juniperus przewalskii Kom.) from the exposed and fallen beams of the roof of the Reshui-1Tomb. The lengths of the 16 tree-ring records are between 69 and 152 years. Based on a previously developed master dating chronology using Qilian juniper samples from the eastern Qaidam Basin, the calendar dates of the 16 specimens were determined by the COFECHA program and visual dating procedure. The average inter-series correlation among the dated sample series is 0.696, indicating good quality of cross-dating. The year of the outermost rings is AD 715 for the 7 discs and 4 out of the 9 increment cores. Moreover, the ring-width variations of the samples are consistent with the existing chronologies from the region. The presence of late-wood of AD 715 in the samples indicated that the Reshui-1 Tomb was completed in late AD 715 or early 716, which means that the Reshui-1 Tomb was finished in the Tubo age. This date provides direct evidence for archaeologists to determine the owner's ethnicity and identify of the Reshui-1 Tomb.

No MeSH data available.


Location and Pictures of Reshui-1 tomb relative to the locations of the dated tombs (No. XTT, ZGR, DRX and DRN3) in Dulan and Delingha areas.XTT includes four tombs [26] and DRX includes 7 tombs (00DRXM3, 00DRXM8, 00DRXM10, 00DRXM14, 00DRXM19, 00DRXM21, 00DRXM23) [26]. Picture a) Signage of the Reshui Tomb Cluster; b) Full view of the Reshui-1 Tomb (from west); c) Collapsed portion of the tomb roof and the exposed roofing beams.
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pone.0133438.g001: Location and Pictures of Reshui-1 tomb relative to the locations of the dated tombs (No. XTT, ZGR, DRX and DRN3) in Dulan and Delingha areas.XTT includes four tombs [26] and DRX includes 7 tombs (00DRXM3, 00DRXM8, 00DRXM10, 00DRXM14, 00DRXM19, 00DRXM21, 00DRXM23) [26]. Picture a) Signage of the Reshui Tomb Cluster; b) Full view of the Reshui-1 Tomb (from west); c) Collapsed portion of the tomb roof and the exposed roofing beams.

Mentions: Since the early 1900s, there have been numerous rescue excavations of ancient tombs by governmental archaeologists in China. Even though China has a long documented history, these tombs still provided new information about the tomb owners and various aspects of culture and political and economic conditions for the specific time periods. In 1983, governmental archaeologists excavated the Reshui-1 (also known as Xuewei No.1) Tomb in Dulan County, Qinghai Province in the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau, North-west China (Fig 1), which was claimed as one of the “Top Six Archaeological Discoveries of 1983 in China” [1]. The Reshui Tomb Cluster was one of the most important cultural relics of the Tuyuhun age (AD 329–663) [2] and Tubo age (early 7th century to the second half of the 9th century) [3]. The official excavation of the Reshui Tomb Cluster was regarded as one of the “Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries of 1996 in China” [1]. The Reshui-1 Tomb lies in the center of the Reshui Tomb Cluster and has the largest dimension among all tombs in the area. In fact it is also the largest one among the tombs of the Tuyuhun-Tubo age in Qinghai Province [4], suggesting the owner of the tomb as a high-ranking official or an important aristocrat. Therefore, it has a very important place in studying the Tubo and Tuyuhun histories.


Tree-Ring Dating of the Reshui-1 Tomb in Dulan County, Qinghai Province, North-West China.

Li M, Shao X, Yin ZY, Xu X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Location and Pictures of Reshui-1 tomb relative to the locations of the dated tombs (No. XTT, ZGR, DRX and DRN3) in Dulan and Delingha areas.XTT includes four tombs [26] and DRX includes 7 tombs (00DRXM3, 00DRXM8, 00DRXM10, 00DRXM14, 00DRXM19, 00DRXM21, 00DRXM23) [26]. Picture a) Signage of the Reshui Tomb Cluster; b) Full view of the Reshui-1 Tomb (from west); c) Collapsed portion of the tomb roof and the exposed roofing beams.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526363&req=5

pone.0133438.g001: Location and Pictures of Reshui-1 tomb relative to the locations of the dated tombs (No. XTT, ZGR, DRX and DRN3) in Dulan and Delingha areas.XTT includes four tombs [26] and DRX includes 7 tombs (00DRXM3, 00DRXM8, 00DRXM10, 00DRXM14, 00DRXM19, 00DRXM21, 00DRXM23) [26]. Picture a) Signage of the Reshui Tomb Cluster; b) Full view of the Reshui-1 Tomb (from west); c) Collapsed portion of the tomb roof and the exposed roofing beams.
Mentions: Since the early 1900s, there have been numerous rescue excavations of ancient tombs by governmental archaeologists in China. Even though China has a long documented history, these tombs still provided new information about the tomb owners and various aspects of culture and political and economic conditions for the specific time periods. In 1983, governmental archaeologists excavated the Reshui-1 (also known as Xuewei No.1) Tomb in Dulan County, Qinghai Province in the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau, North-west China (Fig 1), which was claimed as one of the “Top Six Archaeological Discoveries of 1983 in China” [1]. The Reshui Tomb Cluster was one of the most important cultural relics of the Tuyuhun age (AD 329–663) [2] and Tubo age (early 7th century to the second half of the 9th century) [3]. The official excavation of the Reshui Tomb Cluster was regarded as one of the “Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries of 1996 in China” [1]. The Reshui-1 Tomb lies in the center of the Reshui Tomb Cluster and has the largest dimension among all tombs in the area. In fact it is also the largest one among the tombs of the Tuyuhun-Tubo age in Qinghai Province [4], suggesting the owner of the tomb as a high-ranking official or an important aristocrat. Therefore, it has a very important place in studying the Tubo and Tuyuhun histories.

Bottom Line: Moreover, the ring-width variations of the samples are consistent with the existing chronologies from the region.The presence of late-wood of AD 715 in the samples indicated that the Reshui-1 Tomb was completed in late AD 715 or early 716, which means that the Reshui-1 Tomb was finished in the Tubo age.This date provides direct evidence for archaeologists to determine the owner's ethnicity and identify of the Reshui-1 Tomb.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT
Tuyuhun and Tubo were two important states that thrived in north-western China during AD 311-900 in parallel with the Han Chinese dynasties of Sui and Tang periods. The Reshui Tomb Cluster located in Dulan County of the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau is an important cultural relic of the Tuyuhun-Tubo age. The official excavations of the Reshui tombs were regarded as top events in archaeology in the 1980s and 1990s in China. The Reshui-1 Tomb is the largest one among the tombs in the area. Since its excavation, there have been debates on whether the owner of the tomb belonged to the Tuyuhun or Tubo ethnicity. Therefore, accurately dating the Reshui-1 Tomb has a critical place in studying the Tubo and Tuyuhun histories. We collected 7 discs and 11 increment cores of Qilian juniper (Juniperus przewalskii Kom.) from the exposed and fallen beams of the roof of the Reshui-1Tomb. The lengths of the 16 tree-ring records are between 69 and 152 years. Based on a previously developed master dating chronology using Qilian juniper samples from the eastern Qaidam Basin, the calendar dates of the 16 specimens were determined by the COFECHA program and visual dating procedure. The average inter-series correlation among the dated sample series is 0.696, indicating good quality of cross-dating. The year of the outermost rings is AD 715 for the 7 discs and 4 out of the 9 increment cores. Moreover, the ring-width variations of the samples are consistent with the existing chronologies from the region. The presence of late-wood of AD 715 in the samples indicated that the Reshui-1 Tomb was completed in late AD 715 or early 716, which means that the Reshui-1 Tomb was finished in the Tubo age. This date provides direct evidence for archaeologists to determine the owner's ethnicity and identify of the Reshui-1 Tomb.

No MeSH data available.