Limits...
When they listen and when they watch: Pianists' use of nonverbal audio and visual cues during duet performance.

Bishop L, Goebl W - Music Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: Synchronization was most successful when primo audio was available, deteriorating when primo audio was removed and only cues from primo visual signals were available.Differences were observed in how successfully piano-piano and piano-violin duos synchronized, but these effects of instrument pairing were not consistent across pieces.Pianists' success at synchronizing with violinists and other pianists is likely moderated by piece characteristics and individual differences in the clarity of cueing gestures used.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence (OFAI), Austria.

ABSTRACT

Nonverbal auditory and visual communication helps ensemble musicians predict each other's intentions and coordinate their actions. When structural characteristics of the music make predicting co-performers' intentions difficult (e.g., following long pauses or during ritardandi), reliance on incoming auditory and visual signals may change. This study tested whether attention to visual cues during piano-piano and piano-violin duet performance increases in such situations. Pianists performed the secondo part to three duets, synchronizing with recordings of violinists or pianists playing the primo parts. Secondos' access to incoming audio and visual signals and to their own auditory feedback was manipulated. Synchronization was most successful when primo audio was available, deteriorating when primo audio was removed and only cues from primo visual signals were available. Visual cues were used effectively following long pauses in the music, however, even in the absence of primo audio. Synchronization was unaffected by the removal of secondos' own auditory feedback. Differences were observed in how successfully piano-piano and piano-violin duos synchronized, but these effects of instrument pairing were not consistent across pieces. Pianists' success at synchronizing with violinists and other pianists is likely moderated by piece characteristics and individual differences in the clarity of cueing gestures used.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean pitch accuracy per condition. Error lines indicate standard errors of the means.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2 - License 3
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526249&req=5

fig6-1029864915570355: Mean pitch accuracy per condition. Error lines indicate standard errors of the means.

Mentions: Though the effects of primo group and condition on synchronization were of primary interest, the effects of these variables on pitch accuracy were also considered. A count was made of the total number of correctly played notes for each participant performance. Mean rates of pitch accuracy, defined as the proportion of notes in the secondo score to which the matching system could pair a performed note, are shown in Figure 6. Pitch error rates (i.e., 1—pitch accuracy) reflect a combination of omissions (score notes that were not performed) and substitutions (notes performed in place of score notes) (Drake & Palmer, 2000; Flossmann et al., 2010; Palmer & Van de Sande, 1995; Repp, 1996).


When they listen and when they watch: Pianists' use of nonverbal audio and visual cues during duet performance.

Bishop L, Goebl W - Music Sci (2015)

Mean pitch accuracy per condition. Error lines indicate standard errors of the means.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2 - License 3
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526249&req=5

fig6-1029864915570355: Mean pitch accuracy per condition. Error lines indicate standard errors of the means.
Mentions: Though the effects of primo group and condition on synchronization were of primary interest, the effects of these variables on pitch accuracy were also considered. A count was made of the total number of correctly played notes for each participant performance. Mean rates of pitch accuracy, defined as the proportion of notes in the secondo score to which the matching system could pair a performed note, are shown in Figure 6. Pitch error rates (i.e., 1—pitch accuracy) reflect a combination of omissions (score notes that were not performed) and substitutions (notes performed in place of score notes) (Drake & Palmer, 2000; Flossmann et al., 2010; Palmer & Van de Sande, 1995; Repp, 1996).

Bottom Line: Synchronization was most successful when primo audio was available, deteriorating when primo audio was removed and only cues from primo visual signals were available.Differences were observed in how successfully piano-piano and piano-violin duos synchronized, but these effects of instrument pairing were not consistent across pieces.Pianists' success at synchronizing with violinists and other pianists is likely moderated by piece characteristics and individual differences in the clarity of cueing gestures used.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence (OFAI), Austria.

ABSTRACT

Nonverbal auditory and visual communication helps ensemble musicians predict each other's intentions and coordinate their actions. When structural characteristics of the music make predicting co-performers' intentions difficult (e.g., following long pauses or during ritardandi), reliance on incoming auditory and visual signals may change. This study tested whether attention to visual cues during piano-piano and piano-violin duet performance increases in such situations. Pianists performed the secondo part to three duets, synchronizing with recordings of violinists or pianists playing the primo parts. Secondos' access to incoming audio and visual signals and to their own auditory feedback was manipulated. Synchronization was most successful when primo audio was available, deteriorating when primo audio was removed and only cues from primo visual signals were available. Visual cues were used effectively following long pauses in the music, however, even in the absence of primo audio. Synchronization was unaffected by the removal of secondos' own auditory feedback. Differences were observed in how successfully piano-piano and piano-violin duos synchronized, but these effects of instrument pairing were not consistent across pieces. Pianists' success at synchronizing with violinists and other pianists is likely moderated by piece characteristics and individual differences in the clarity of cueing gestures used.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus