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The effect of on-demand vs deep neuromuscular relaxation on rating of surgical and anaesthesiologic conditions in patients undergoing thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy (DEPTH trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Veelo DP, Gisbertz SS, Hannivoort RA, van Dieren S, Geerts BF, van Berge Henegouwen MI, Hollmann MW - Trials (2015)

Bottom Line: The use of neostigmine not only is insufficient for reversing deep NMB but also may be contraindicated for this procedure because of its cholinergic effects.Sugammadex is an effective alternative but is rather expensive.In addition, possible benefits associated with deep NMB, such as decrease in operating time, will be weighed against costs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anaesthesiology, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, 1105 AZ, The Netherlands. d.p.veelo@amc.uva.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: Deep muscle relaxation has been shown to facilitate operating conditions during laparoscopic surgery. Minimally invasive esophageal surgery is a high-risk procedure in which the use of deep neuromuscular block (NMB) may improve conditions in the thoracic phase as well. Neuromuscular antagonists can be given on demand or by continuous infusion (deep NMB). However, the positioning of the patient often hampers train-of-four (TOF) monitoring. A continuous infusion thus may result in a deep NMB at the end of surgery. The use of neostigmine not only is insufficient for reversing deep NMB but also may be contraindicated for this procedure because of its cholinergic effects. Sugammadex is an effective alternative but is rather expensive. This study aims to evaluate the use of deep versus on-demand NMB on operating, anaesthesiologic conditions, and costs in patients undergoing a two- or three-phase thoracolaparoscopic esophageal resection.

Methods/design: We will conduct a single-center randomized controlled double-blinded intervention study. Sixty-six patients undergoing a thoracolaparoscopic esophageal resection will be included. Patients will receive either continuous infusion of rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg per hour (group 1) or continuous infusion of NaCl 0.9 % 0.06 ml/kg per hour (group 2). In both groups, on-demand boluses of rocuronium can be given (open-label design). The primary aim of this study is to compare the surgical rating scale (SRS) during the abdominal phase. Main secondary aims are to evaluate SRS during the thoracic phase, to evaluate anesthesiologic conditions, and to compare costs (in euros) associated with use of rocuronium, sugammadex, and duration of surgery.

Discussion: This study is the first to evaluate the benefits of deep neuromuscular relaxation on surgical and anaesthesiologic conditions during thoracolaparoscopic esophageal surgery. This surgical procedure is unique because it consists of both an abdominal phase and a thoracic phase taking place in different order depending on the subtype of surgery (a two- or three-stage transthoracic esophagectomy). In addition, possible benefits associated with deep NMB, such as decrease in operating time, will be weighed against costs.

Trial registration: European Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT) number: 2014-002147-18 (obtained 19 May 2014) ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02320734 (obtained 18 Dec. 2014).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Study timeline. The different steps of the study and registrations over time, starting with admittance of the patient to the hospital until dismissal to home, are shown. Informed consent forms and study information are supplied to the patient before admittance. The signed forms are retrieved at the day of admittance. ICU/PACU intensive care unit/post-anaesthesia care unit, NM neuromuscular, OR operating room
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Fig1: Study timeline. The different steps of the study and registrations over time, starting with admittance of the patient to the hospital until dismissal to home, are shown. Informed consent forms and study information are supplied to the patient before admittance. The signed forms are retrieved at the day of admittance. ICU/PACU intensive care unit/post-anaesthesia care unit, NM neuromuscular, OR operating room

Mentions: FigureĀ 1 shows the different phases in data collection during this study in a timeline.Fig. 1


The effect of on-demand vs deep neuromuscular relaxation on rating of surgical and anaesthesiologic conditions in patients undergoing thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy (DEPTH trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Veelo DP, Gisbertz SS, Hannivoort RA, van Dieren S, Geerts BF, van Berge Henegouwen MI, Hollmann MW - Trials (2015)

Study timeline. The different steps of the study and registrations over time, starting with admittance of the patient to the hospital until dismissal to home, are shown. Informed consent forms and study information are supplied to the patient before admittance. The signed forms are retrieved at the day of admittance. ICU/PACU intensive care unit/post-anaesthesia care unit, NM neuromuscular, OR operating room
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4526166&req=5

Fig1: Study timeline. The different steps of the study and registrations over time, starting with admittance of the patient to the hospital until dismissal to home, are shown. Informed consent forms and study information are supplied to the patient before admittance. The signed forms are retrieved at the day of admittance. ICU/PACU intensive care unit/post-anaesthesia care unit, NM neuromuscular, OR operating room
Mentions: FigureĀ 1 shows the different phases in data collection during this study in a timeline.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: The use of neostigmine not only is insufficient for reversing deep NMB but also may be contraindicated for this procedure because of its cholinergic effects.Sugammadex is an effective alternative but is rather expensive.In addition, possible benefits associated with deep NMB, such as decrease in operating time, will be weighed against costs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anaesthesiology, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, 1105 AZ, The Netherlands. d.p.veelo@amc.uva.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: Deep muscle relaxation has been shown to facilitate operating conditions during laparoscopic surgery. Minimally invasive esophageal surgery is a high-risk procedure in which the use of deep neuromuscular block (NMB) may improve conditions in the thoracic phase as well. Neuromuscular antagonists can be given on demand or by continuous infusion (deep NMB). However, the positioning of the patient often hampers train-of-four (TOF) monitoring. A continuous infusion thus may result in a deep NMB at the end of surgery. The use of neostigmine not only is insufficient for reversing deep NMB but also may be contraindicated for this procedure because of its cholinergic effects. Sugammadex is an effective alternative but is rather expensive. This study aims to evaluate the use of deep versus on-demand NMB on operating, anaesthesiologic conditions, and costs in patients undergoing a two- or three-phase thoracolaparoscopic esophageal resection.

Methods/design: We will conduct a single-center randomized controlled double-blinded intervention study. Sixty-six patients undergoing a thoracolaparoscopic esophageal resection will be included. Patients will receive either continuous infusion of rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg per hour (group 1) or continuous infusion of NaCl 0.9 % 0.06 ml/kg per hour (group 2). In both groups, on-demand boluses of rocuronium can be given (open-label design). The primary aim of this study is to compare the surgical rating scale (SRS) during the abdominal phase. Main secondary aims are to evaluate SRS during the thoracic phase, to evaluate anesthesiologic conditions, and to compare costs (in euros) associated with use of rocuronium, sugammadex, and duration of surgery.

Discussion: This study is the first to evaluate the benefits of deep neuromuscular relaxation on surgical and anaesthesiologic conditions during thoracolaparoscopic esophageal surgery. This surgical procedure is unique because it consists of both an abdominal phase and a thoracic phase taking place in different order depending on the subtype of surgery (a two- or three-stage transthoracic esophagectomy). In addition, possible benefits associated with deep NMB, such as decrease in operating time, will be weighed against costs.

Trial registration: European Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT) number: 2014-002147-18 (obtained 19 May 2014) ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02320734 (obtained 18 Dec. 2014).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus