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Gender differences among suicide attempters attending a Crisis Intervention Clinic in South India.

Menon V, Kattimani S, Sarkar S, Muthuramalingam A - Ind Psychiatry J (2015 Jan-Jun)

Bottom Line: Males were significantly older and were more likely to be employed as compared to females.Alcohol use was significantly more in males and number of men who attempted suicide under intoxication was significantly higher.There was no significant difference between two genders on BHS though differences were noted on types of stresses reported on PSLES.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Studying gender differences among suicide attempters is important for identifying gender-specific risk factors and for planning management and prevention. Our objective was to delineate gender differences among a well-defined group of suicide attempters.

Materials and methods: This record-based study was conducted among patients presenting to a Crisis Intervention Clinic in a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India. Information was gathered regarding sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Hopelessness was measured using Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and stress was evaluated using Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale (PSLES).

Results: The sample comprised of 162 males and 137 females. Males were significantly older and were more likely to be employed as compared to females. Alcohol use was significantly more in males and number of men who attempted suicide under intoxication was significantly higher. Females had a greater proportion of attempts with the use of plant poisons and medication overdose. There was no significant difference between two genders on BHS though differences were noted on types of stresses reported on PSLES.

Conclusion: Gender-specific differences were noted with regard to substance use, mode of attempt and types of stressors experienced. Identifying these factors might help us to design targeted interventions to prevent further attempts.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Stressful life events across genders
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 2: Stressful life events across genders

Mentions: The stressful life events experienced by the individuals in the past 1 year was evaluated, and those that were significantly different between genders are shown in Figure 2. Family conflict was the most common stressful life event in both genders. Being unemployed (χ2 = 4.519, P = 0.034) was significantly more in men. Appearing for examination or interview (χ2 = 6.931, P = 0.008) and excessive use of alcohol or drugs by a family member (χ2 = 7.017, P = 0.008) were perceived as significantly more common stressor among women.


Gender differences among suicide attempters attending a Crisis Intervention Clinic in South India.

Menon V, Kattimani S, Sarkar S, Muthuramalingam A - Ind Psychiatry J (2015 Jan-Jun)

Stressful life events across genders
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4525435&req=5

Figure 2: Stressful life events across genders
Mentions: The stressful life events experienced by the individuals in the past 1 year was evaluated, and those that were significantly different between genders are shown in Figure 2. Family conflict was the most common stressful life event in both genders. Being unemployed (χ2 = 4.519, P = 0.034) was significantly more in men. Appearing for examination or interview (χ2 = 6.931, P = 0.008) and excessive use of alcohol or drugs by a family member (χ2 = 7.017, P = 0.008) were perceived as significantly more common stressor among women.

Bottom Line: Males were significantly older and were more likely to be employed as compared to females.Alcohol use was significantly more in males and number of men who attempted suicide under intoxication was significantly higher.There was no significant difference between two genders on BHS though differences were noted on types of stresses reported on PSLES.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Studying gender differences among suicide attempters is important for identifying gender-specific risk factors and for planning management and prevention. Our objective was to delineate gender differences among a well-defined group of suicide attempters.

Materials and methods: This record-based study was conducted among patients presenting to a Crisis Intervention Clinic in a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India. Information was gathered regarding sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Hopelessness was measured using Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and stress was evaluated using Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale (PSLES).

Results: The sample comprised of 162 males and 137 females. Males were significantly older and were more likely to be employed as compared to females. Alcohol use was significantly more in males and number of men who attempted suicide under intoxication was significantly higher. Females had a greater proportion of attempts with the use of plant poisons and medication overdose. There was no significant difference between two genders on BHS though differences were noted on types of stresses reported on PSLES.

Conclusion: Gender-specific differences were noted with regard to substance use, mode of attempt and types of stressors experienced. Identifying these factors might help us to design targeted interventions to prevent further attempts.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus