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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) Tea Drinking Suppresses Subjective Short-term Appetite in Overweight Women.

Bae J, Kim J, Choue R, Lim H - Clin Nutr Res (2015)

Bottom Line: Similarly, the consumption of FT resulted in decreased hunger, less prospective food consumption, and increased feelings of fullness compared with the PT (p < 0.05).The area under the curve of VAS graph indicated that FGT resulted in a higher feeling of fullness than the PT (p < 0.05).In conclusion, drinking the FT and FGT were significantly effective aid to suppress subjective appetite among overweight women in South Korea.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446-701, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Appetite controlling has been an main strategy for regulating food intake and energy balance in obesity treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of drinking tea of the medicinal herbs, fennel and fenugreek, on the subjective appetite in overweight Korean women. The study was conducted using a placebo-controlled, single-blinded, randomized, and 3-way crossover design. Nine healthy women were given fennel tea (FT), fenugreek tea (FGT), or placebo tea (PT). After drinking a given tea, a lunch buffet was provided and then food consumption of subjects was analyzed. Subjective appetite, hunger, fullness, desire to eat, and prospective food consumption were measured at seven independent time point using a visual analog scale (VAS). Mean age of 9 subjects were 49.7 ± 4.5 years and their mean body mass index were 24.6 ± 0.6 kg/m(2). There was no significant difference in food consumption in the lunch buffet after drinking each tea; however, with respect to the subjective appetite scale, FGT decreased hunger, led to less prospective food consumption, and increased feelings of fullness compared with the PT (p < 0.05). Similarly, the consumption of FT resulted in decreased hunger, less prospective food consumption, and increased feelings of fullness compared with the PT (p < 0.05). The area under the curve of VAS graph indicated that FGT resulted in a higher feeling of fullness than the PT (p < 0.05). In conclusion, drinking the FT and FGT were significantly effective aid to suppress subjective appetite among overweight women in South Korea.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Study design. A placebo-controlled single-blinded randomized 3-way crossover design. Subjects: 9 healthy overweight women (23.0 kg/m2 ≤ body mass index < 25.0 kg/m2).
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Figure 1: Study design. A placebo-controlled single-blinded randomized 3-way crossover design. Subjects: 9 healthy overweight women (23.0 kg/m2 ≤ body mass index < 25.0 kg/m2).

Mentions: A placebo-controlled, single-blind, and randomized 3-way crossover design was used to examine the effect of the fennel tea (FT) and fenugreek tea (FGT) on appetite control of overweight Korean women who were enrolled in this study. By using computer-generated randomization schedule, the participants were randomly assigned to the order of placebo tea (PT) for control, FT and FGT for experiments. To minimize the carry-over effects on the experiment, we placed one-week wash-out period between experiment days, making two times of suspension period in the middle. Each of participants drank all of three different teas at least once (Figure 1). The subjects were advised to have dinner at the same time, in a day before each experiment.


Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) Tea Drinking Suppresses Subjective Short-term Appetite in Overweight Women.

Bae J, Kim J, Choue R, Lim H - Clin Nutr Res (2015)

Study design. A placebo-controlled single-blinded randomized 3-way crossover design. Subjects: 9 healthy overweight women (23.0 kg/m2 ≤ body mass index < 25.0 kg/m2).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4525133&req=5

Figure 1: Study design. A placebo-controlled single-blinded randomized 3-way crossover design. Subjects: 9 healthy overweight women (23.0 kg/m2 ≤ body mass index < 25.0 kg/m2).
Mentions: A placebo-controlled, single-blind, and randomized 3-way crossover design was used to examine the effect of the fennel tea (FT) and fenugreek tea (FGT) on appetite control of overweight Korean women who were enrolled in this study. By using computer-generated randomization schedule, the participants were randomly assigned to the order of placebo tea (PT) for control, FT and FGT for experiments. To minimize the carry-over effects on the experiment, we placed one-week wash-out period between experiment days, making two times of suspension period in the middle. Each of participants drank all of three different teas at least once (Figure 1). The subjects were advised to have dinner at the same time, in a day before each experiment.

Bottom Line: Similarly, the consumption of FT resulted in decreased hunger, less prospective food consumption, and increased feelings of fullness compared with the PT (p < 0.05).The area under the curve of VAS graph indicated that FGT resulted in a higher feeling of fullness than the PT (p < 0.05).In conclusion, drinking the FT and FGT were significantly effective aid to suppress subjective appetite among overweight women in South Korea.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446-701, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Appetite controlling has been an main strategy for regulating food intake and energy balance in obesity treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of drinking tea of the medicinal herbs, fennel and fenugreek, on the subjective appetite in overweight Korean women. The study was conducted using a placebo-controlled, single-blinded, randomized, and 3-way crossover design. Nine healthy women were given fennel tea (FT), fenugreek tea (FGT), or placebo tea (PT). After drinking a given tea, a lunch buffet was provided and then food consumption of subjects was analyzed. Subjective appetite, hunger, fullness, desire to eat, and prospective food consumption were measured at seven independent time point using a visual analog scale (VAS). Mean age of 9 subjects were 49.7 ± 4.5 years and their mean body mass index were 24.6 ± 0.6 kg/m(2). There was no significant difference in food consumption in the lunch buffet after drinking each tea; however, with respect to the subjective appetite scale, FGT decreased hunger, led to less prospective food consumption, and increased feelings of fullness compared with the PT (p < 0.05). Similarly, the consumption of FT resulted in decreased hunger, less prospective food consumption, and increased feelings of fullness compared with the PT (p < 0.05). The area under the curve of VAS graph indicated that FGT resulted in a higher feeling of fullness than the PT (p < 0.05). In conclusion, drinking the FT and FGT were significantly effective aid to suppress subjective appetite among overweight women in South Korea.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus