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Cone-beam computed tomography based evaluation of rotational patterns of dentofacial structures in skeletal Class III deformity with mandibular asymmetry.

Ryu HS, An KY, Kang KH - Korean J Orthod (2015)

Bottom Line: Fourteen rotational variables of the dental arches and mandible were measured and compared among the groups.The hypodivergent subgroup showed significant differences in maxillary posterior measurements of yaw (p < 0.01) and maxillary anterior shift (p < 0.05) compared with the hyperdivergent subgroup.All the mandibular measurements had significant correlations with menton deviation (p < 0.01).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthodontics, Wonkwang Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess rotational patterns of dentofacial structures according to different vertical skeletal patterns by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and analyze their influence on menton deviation in skeletal Class III deformity with mandibular asymmetry.

Methods: The control group consisted of 30 young adults (15 men, 15 women) without any severe skeletal deformity. The asymmetry group included 55 adults (28 men, 27 women) with skeletal Class III deformity and at least 3-mm menton deviation from the midsagittal plane; it was divided into the hyperdivergent and hypodivergent subgroups using a mandibular plane angle cutoff of 35°. Fourteen rotational variables of the dental arches and mandible were measured and compared among the groups. Correlations between menton deviation and the other variables were evaluated.

Results: The asymmetry group showed significantly larger measurements of roll and yaw in the mandible than the control group. The hypodivergent subgroup showed significant differences in maxillary posterior measurements of yaw (p < 0.01) and maxillary anterior shift (p < 0.05) compared with the hyperdivergent subgroup. All the mandibular measurements had significant correlations with menton deviation (p < 0.01). Most measurements of roll were positively correlated with one another (p < 0.01). Measurements of yaw and roll in the posterior regions were also positively correlated (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Menton deviation in skeletal Class III deformity with mandibular asymmetry is influenced by rotation of mandibular posterior dentofacial structures. The rotational patterns vary slightly according to the vertical skeletal pattern.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Positive upper canine roll relative to the direction of menton deviation.
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Figure 3: Positive upper canine roll relative to the direction of menton deviation.

Mentions: The amount of menton deviation and shift, roll, and yaw of the dental arches and mandible were measured according to a previous study11 using the 3D Ceph module of OnDemand3D software. Landmarks for the measurements are described in Table 2 and Figure 1. The three reference planes are described in Table 3 and Figure 2. A positive or negative sign was added to each measurement depending on the direction of rotation relative to the direction of menton deviation (Figures 3,4,5).


Cone-beam computed tomography based evaluation of rotational patterns of dentofacial structures in skeletal Class III deformity with mandibular asymmetry.

Ryu HS, An KY, Kang KH - Korean J Orthod (2015)

Positive upper canine roll relative to the direction of menton deviation.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4524954&req=5

Figure 3: Positive upper canine roll relative to the direction of menton deviation.
Mentions: The amount of menton deviation and shift, roll, and yaw of the dental arches and mandible were measured according to a previous study11 using the 3D Ceph module of OnDemand3D software. Landmarks for the measurements are described in Table 2 and Figure 1. The three reference planes are described in Table 3 and Figure 2. A positive or negative sign was added to each measurement depending on the direction of rotation relative to the direction of menton deviation (Figures 3,4,5).

Bottom Line: Fourteen rotational variables of the dental arches and mandible were measured and compared among the groups.The hypodivergent subgroup showed significant differences in maxillary posterior measurements of yaw (p < 0.01) and maxillary anterior shift (p < 0.05) compared with the hyperdivergent subgroup.All the mandibular measurements had significant correlations with menton deviation (p < 0.01).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthodontics, Wonkwang Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess rotational patterns of dentofacial structures according to different vertical skeletal patterns by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and analyze their influence on menton deviation in skeletal Class III deformity with mandibular asymmetry.

Methods: The control group consisted of 30 young adults (15 men, 15 women) without any severe skeletal deformity. The asymmetry group included 55 adults (28 men, 27 women) with skeletal Class III deformity and at least 3-mm menton deviation from the midsagittal plane; it was divided into the hyperdivergent and hypodivergent subgroups using a mandibular plane angle cutoff of 35°. Fourteen rotational variables of the dental arches and mandible were measured and compared among the groups. Correlations between menton deviation and the other variables were evaluated.

Results: The asymmetry group showed significantly larger measurements of roll and yaw in the mandible than the control group. The hypodivergent subgroup showed significant differences in maxillary posterior measurements of yaw (p < 0.01) and maxillary anterior shift (p < 0.05) compared with the hyperdivergent subgroup. All the mandibular measurements had significant correlations with menton deviation (p < 0.01). Most measurements of roll were positively correlated with one another (p < 0.01). Measurements of yaw and roll in the posterior regions were also positively correlated (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Menton deviation in skeletal Class III deformity with mandibular asymmetry is influenced by rotation of mandibular posterior dentofacial structures. The rotational patterns vary slightly according to the vertical skeletal pattern.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus