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Facial beauty affects implicit and explicit learning of men and women differently.

Ziori E, Dienes Z - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: It was found that female attractiveness impaired performance in male participants.The pattern was similar for conscious and unconscious knowledge.The present findings shed light on the relation of conscious and unconscious processing with affective and reward-related stimuli, as well as on gender differences underlying this relation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, Education and Psychology, School of Philosophy, University of Ioannina Ioannina, Greece.

ABSTRACT
The present work explores the unconscious and/or conscious nature of learning attractive faces of same and opposite sex, that is, of stimuli that experimental and neuroimaging research has shown to be rewarding and thus highly motivating. To this end, we examined performance of men and women while classifying strings of average and attractive faces for grammaticality in the experimental task of artificial grammar learning (AGL), which reflects both conscious and unconscious processes. Subjective measures were used to assess participants' conscious and unconscious knowledge. It was found that female attractiveness impaired performance in male participants. In particular, male participants demonstrated the lowest accuracy while classifying beautiful faces of women. Conversely, female attractiveness facilitated performance in female participants. The pattern was similar for conscious and unconscious knowledge. Presumably, objects with high incentive salience, as are beautiful faces, captured resources, which were used in task relevant versus task irrelevant ways by women versus men. The present findings shed light on the relation of conscious and unconscious processing with affective and reward-related stimuli, as well as on gender differences underlying this relation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Percentage of knowledge attributions in males (A) and females (B). Error bars indicate ±1 SE.
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Figure 2: Percentage of knowledge attributions in males (A) and females (B). Error bars indicate ±1 SE.

Mentions: The guess, intuition and familiarity knowledge attributions were combined to create implicit attribution scores, and rules and memory attributions were combined to create explicit attribution scores. A three-way ANOVA on percentage of implicit attributions, with gender of participants, face gender, and beauty (average vs. beautiful) as independent variables revealed only a significant main effect of participants’ gender, F(1,110) = 5.44, p = 0.022, = 0.05, BN(0,15) = 3.19. Female participants gave significantly more implicit attributions than male participants (72% vs. 63%). The frequencies of all five knowledge attributions for the two genders are shown in Figure 2.


Facial beauty affects implicit and explicit learning of men and women differently.

Ziori E, Dienes Z - Front Psychol (2015)

Percentage of knowledge attributions in males (A) and females (B). Error bars indicate ±1 SE.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4524893&req=5

Figure 2: Percentage of knowledge attributions in males (A) and females (B). Error bars indicate ±1 SE.
Mentions: The guess, intuition and familiarity knowledge attributions were combined to create implicit attribution scores, and rules and memory attributions were combined to create explicit attribution scores. A three-way ANOVA on percentage of implicit attributions, with gender of participants, face gender, and beauty (average vs. beautiful) as independent variables revealed only a significant main effect of participants’ gender, F(1,110) = 5.44, p = 0.022, = 0.05, BN(0,15) = 3.19. Female participants gave significantly more implicit attributions than male participants (72% vs. 63%). The frequencies of all five knowledge attributions for the two genders are shown in Figure 2.

Bottom Line: It was found that female attractiveness impaired performance in male participants.The pattern was similar for conscious and unconscious knowledge.The present findings shed light on the relation of conscious and unconscious processing with affective and reward-related stimuli, as well as on gender differences underlying this relation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, Education and Psychology, School of Philosophy, University of Ioannina Ioannina, Greece.

ABSTRACT
The present work explores the unconscious and/or conscious nature of learning attractive faces of same and opposite sex, that is, of stimuli that experimental and neuroimaging research has shown to be rewarding and thus highly motivating. To this end, we examined performance of men and women while classifying strings of average and attractive faces for grammaticality in the experimental task of artificial grammar learning (AGL), which reflects both conscious and unconscious processes. Subjective measures were used to assess participants' conscious and unconscious knowledge. It was found that female attractiveness impaired performance in male participants. In particular, male participants demonstrated the lowest accuracy while classifying beautiful faces of women. Conversely, female attractiveness facilitated performance in female participants. The pattern was similar for conscious and unconscious knowledge. Presumably, objects with high incentive salience, as are beautiful faces, captured resources, which were used in task relevant versus task irrelevant ways by women versus men. The present findings shed light on the relation of conscious and unconscious processing with affective and reward-related stimuli, as well as on gender differences underlying this relation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus