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Estimating Geriatric Mortality after Injury Using Age, Injury Severity, and Performance of a Transfusion: The Geriatric Trauma Outcome Score.

Zhao FZ, Wolf SE, Nakonezny PA, Minhajuddin A, Rhodes RL, Paulk ME, Phelan HA - J Palliat Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Selected GTO scores and their related probability of dying were: 205 = 75%, 233 = 90%, 252 = 95%, 310 = 99%.The range of GTO scores was 67.5 (survivor) to 275.1 (died).The GTO model accurately estimates the probability of dying, and can be calculated at bedside by those possessing a working knowledge of ISS calculation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1 Department of General Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Parkland Memorial Hospital , Dallas, Texas.

ABSTRACT

Background: A tool to determine the probability of mortality for severely injured geriatric patients is needed.

Objective: We sought to create an easily calculated geriatric trauma prognostic score based on parameters available at the bedside to aid in mortality probability determination.

Methods: All patients ≥ 65 years of age were identified from our Level I trauma center's registry between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2013. Measurements included age, Injury Severity score (ISS), units of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) transfused in the first 24 hours, and patients' mortality status at the end of their index hospitalization. As a first step, a logistic regression model with maximum likelihood estimation and robust standard errors was used to estimate the odds of mortality from age, ISS, and PRBCs after dichotomizing PRBCs as yes/no. We then constructed a Geriatric Trauma Outcome (GTO) score that became the sole predictor in the re-specified logistic regression model.

Results: The sample (n = 3841) mean age was 76.5 ± 8.1 years and the mean ISS was 12.4 ± 9.8. In-hospital mortality was 10.8%, and 11.9% received a transfusion by 24 hours. Based on the logistic regression model, the equation with the highest discriminatory ability to estimate probability of mortality was GTO Score = age + (2.5 × ISS) + 22 (if given PRBCs). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for this model was 0.82. Selected GTO scores and their related probability of dying were: 205 = 75%, 233 = 90%, 252 = 95%, 310 = 99%. The range of GTO scores was 67.5 (survivor) to 275.1 (died).

Conclusion: The GTO model accurately estimates the probability of dying, and can be calculated at bedside by those possessing a working knowledge of ISS calculation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The sigmoid-shaped curve showing the predicted probability of mortality across the spectrum of Geriatric Trauma Outcome scores.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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f1: The sigmoid-shaped curve showing the predicted probability of mortality across the spectrum of Geriatric Trauma Outcome scores.

Mentions: Selected GTO scores and their related probability of dying during the index admission were estimated as (GTO score=probability of dying): 70=1.5%, 177=50%, 205=75%, 233=90%, 252=95%, 310=99%. The range of observed GTO scores in the sample was 67.5 (survivor) to 275.1 (died). The lowest and highest observed GTO scores and related probability of dying for any survivor was 67.5 (1.3%) and 270.2 (97.5%), respectively. Likewise, the lowest and highest observed GTO score and related probability of dying for any patient who died was 75.5 (1.8%) and 275.1 (97.9%) (Fig. 1).


Estimating Geriatric Mortality after Injury Using Age, Injury Severity, and Performance of a Transfusion: The Geriatric Trauma Outcome Score.

Zhao FZ, Wolf SE, Nakonezny PA, Minhajuddin A, Rhodes RL, Paulk ME, Phelan HA - J Palliat Med (2015)

The sigmoid-shaped curve showing the predicted probability of mortality across the spectrum of Geriatric Trauma Outcome scores.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4522950&req=5

f1: The sigmoid-shaped curve showing the predicted probability of mortality across the spectrum of Geriatric Trauma Outcome scores.
Mentions: Selected GTO scores and their related probability of dying during the index admission were estimated as (GTO score=probability of dying): 70=1.5%, 177=50%, 205=75%, 233=90%, 252=95%, 310=99%. The range of observed GTO scores in the sample was 67.5 (survivor) to 275.1 (died). The lowest and highest observed GTO scores and related probability of dying for any survivor was 67.5 (1.3%) and 270.2 (97.5%), respectively. Likewise, the lowest and highest observed GTO score and related probability of dying for any patient who died was 75.5 (1.8%) and 275.1 (97.9%) (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Selected GTO scores and their related probability of dying were: 205 = 75%, 233 = 90%, 252 = 95%, 310 = 99%.The range of GTO scores was 67.5 (survivor) to 275.1 (died).The GTO model accurately estimates the probability of dying, and can be calculated at bedside by those possessing a working knowledge of ISS calculation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1 Department of General Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Parkland Memorial Hospital , Dallas, Texas.

ABSTRACT

Background: A tool to determine the probability of mortality for severely injured geriatric patients is needed.

Objective: We sought to create an easily calculated geriatric trauma prognostic score based on parameters available at the bedside to aid in mortality probability determination.

Methods: All patients ≥ 65 years of age were identified from our Level I trauma center's registry between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2013. Measurements included age, Injury Severity score (ISS), units of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) transfused in the first 24 hours, and patients' mortality status at the end of their index hospitalization. As a first step, a logistic regression model with maximum likelihood estimation and robust standard errors was used to estimate the odds of mortality from age, ISS, and PRBCs after dichotomizing PRBCs as yes/no. We then constructed a Geriatric Trauma Outcome (GTO) score that became the sole predictor in the re-specified logistic regression model.

Results: The sample (n = 3841) mean age was 76.5 ± 8.1 years and the mean ISS was 12.4 ± 9.8. In-hospital mortality was 10.8%, and 11.9% received a transfusion by 24 hours. Based on the logistic regression model, the equation with the highest discriminatory ability to estimate probability of mortality was GTO Score = age + (2.5 × ISS) + 22 (if given PRBCs). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for this model was 0.82. Selected GTO scores and their related probability of dying were: 205 = 75%, 233 = 90%, 252 = 95%, 310 = 99%. The range of GTO scores was 67.5 (survivor) to 275.1 (died).

Conclusion: The GTO model accurately estimates the probability of dying, and can be calculated at bedside by those possessing a working knowledge of ISS calculation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus