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Introduction to Starting Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Proper Insertion, Complete Observation, and Appropriate Photographing.

Park KS - Clin Endosc (2015)

Bottom Line: Mastering the basics of endoscopy is very important because when this process is imprecise or performed incorrectly, it can severely affect a patient's health or life.Although there are several guidelines and studies that consider these basics, there are still no standard recommendations for endoscopy in Korea.In this review, basic points, including proper endoscope insertion, precise observation without blind spots, and appropriate photographing, for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy will be discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the most basic of endoscopy procedures and is the technique that trainee doctors first learn. Mastering the basics of endoscopy is very important because when this process is imprecise or performed incorrectly, it can severely affect a patient's health or life. Although there are several guidelines and studies that consider these basics, there are still no standard recommendations for endoscopy in Korea. In this review, basic points, including proper endoscope insertion, precise observation without blind spots, and appropriate photographing, for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy will be discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Essential photographing sites. (A) Upper esophagus. (B) Lower esophagus. (C) Gastric cardia and fundus. (D) Upper body. (E) Gastric angle. (F) Gastric antrum. (G) Duodenal bulb. (H) Duodenal second portion.
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Figure 6: Essential photographing sites. (A) Upper esophagus. (B) Lower esophagus. (C) Gastric cardia and fundus. (D) Upper body. (E) Gastric angle. (F) Gastric antrum. (G) Duodenal bulb. (H) Duodenal second portion.

Mentions: Although the photographing order can differ among examiners, it is very important that images of the following sites are consistently collected (Fig. 6):11 (1) upper esophagus, 20 cm from the incisors; (2) lower esophagus, 2 cm superior to the gastroesophageal junction (this site is important when checking for Barrett's esophagus or reflux esophagitis); (3) cardia and fundus in the U-turn position; (4) lesser curvature of the upper body (this image should be taken after sufficient expansion of the fundus); (5) gastric angle in the J-turn position; (6) entire gastric antrum; (7) entire duodenal bulb; and (8) second portion of the duodenum. The tip of the endoscope should be positioned at the ampulla.


Introduction to Starting Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Proper Insertion, Complete Observation, and Appropriate Photographing.

Park KS - Clin Endosc (2015)

Essential photographing sites. (A) Upper esophagus. (B) Lower esophagus. (C) Gastric cardia and fundus. (D) Upper body. (E) Gastric angle. (F) Gastric antrum. (G) Duodenal bulb. (H) Duodenal second portion.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4522417&req=5

Figure 6: Essential photographing sites. (A) Upper esophagus. (B) Lower esophagus. (C) Gastric cardia and fundus. (D) Upper body. (E) Gastric angle. (F) Gastric antrum. (G) Duodenal bulb. (H) Duodenal second portion.
Mentions: Although the photographing order can differ among examiners, it is very important that images of the following sites are consistently collected (Fig. 6):11 (1) upper esophagus, 20 cm from the incisors; (2) lower esophagus, 2 cm superior to the gastroesophageal junction (this site is important when checking for Barrett's esophagus or reflux esophagitis); (3) cardia and fundus in the U-turn position; (4) lesser curvature of the upper body (this image should be taken after sufficient expansion of the fundus); (5) gastric angle in the J-turn position; (6) entire gastric antrum; (7) entire duodenal bulb; and (8) second portion of the duodenum. The tip of the endoscope should be positioned at the ampulla.

Bottom Line: Mastering the basics of endoscopy is very important because when this process is imprecise or performed incorrectly, it can severely affect a patient's health or life.Although there are several guidelines and studies that consider these basics, there are still no standard recommendations for endoscopy in Korea.In this review, basic points, including proper endoscope insertion, precise observation without blind spots, and appropriate photographing, for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy will be discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the most basic of endoscopy procedures and is the technique that trainee doctors first learn. Mastering the basics of endoscopy is very important because when this process is imprecise or performed incorrectly, it can severely affect a patient's health or life. Although there are several guidelines and studies that consider these basics, there are still no standard recommendations for endoscopy in Korea. In this review, basic points, including proper endoscope insertion, precise observation without blind spots, and appropriate photographing, for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy will be discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus