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Regurgitations in a Lamb with Acute Coenurosis-A case Report.

Ioannidou E, Psalla D, Papadopoulos E, Diakou A, Papanikolopoulou V, Karatzias H, Polizopoulou ZS, Giadinis ND - Iran J Parasitol (2015 Apr-Jun)

Bottom Line: A case of regurgitations in a 2.5 month old lamb with acute coenurosis is being reported.The lamb was presented with a sudden onset of ataxia and regurgitations for 10 days.Thus, acute coenurosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of regurgitations in lambs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Clinic of Farm Animals, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

ABSTRACT
Coenurosis is a disease of the central nervous system in sheep, caused by Coenurus cerebralis, the larval stage of Multiceps multiceps, which inhabits the small intestine of Canidae. A case of regurgitations in a 2.5 month old lamb with acute coenurosis is being reported. The lamb was presented with a sudden onset of ataxia and regurgitations for 10 days. The post-mortem examination revealed 4 immature C. cerebralis cysts between 0.5 and 1.5 cm in diameter located in the brainstem and cerebellum, and histopathological examination revealed multifocal pyogranulomatous meningoencephalitis, so a diagnosis of acute coenurosis was established. Thus, acute coenurosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of regurgitations in lambs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Part of a granuloma (left) with central necrosis surrounded by numerous macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells, and multifocal perivascular cuffs in the adjacent parenchyma (haematoxylin-.eosin staining, magnification x 200)
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Figure 3: Part of a granuloma (left) with central necrosis surrounded by numerous macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells, and multifocal perivascular cuffs in the adjacent parenchyma (haematoxylin-.eosin staining, magnification x 200)

Mentions: There were also multiple granulomas consisting of central dark eosinophilic amorphous material that was surrounded by multinucleated giant cells, degenerated and non-degenerated neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells (Fig. 3). In the white matter, perivascular cuffs of lymphocytes and plasma cells, gliosis and formation of glial nodules were detected. Based on the above mentioned findings the morphological diagnosis was pyogranulomatous meningoencephalitis, multi-focal, severe with necrosis, compression and coenuri and lymphocytic perivascular cuffing. The cysts were examined in the Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University and the findings were as reported by Giadinis et al. (7). Due to the gross and microscopic lesions documented in this case, acute coenurosis diagnosis was established.


Regurgitations in a Lamb with Acute Coenurosis-A case Report.

Ioannidou E, Psalla D, Papadopoulos E, Diakou A, Papanikolopoulou V, Karatzias H, Polizopoulou ZS, Giadinis ND - Iran J Parasitol (2015 Apr-Jun)

Part of a granuloma (left) with central necrosis surrounded by numerous macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells, and multifocal perivascular cuffs in the adjacent parenchyma (haematoxylin-.eosin staining, magnification x 200)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4522309&req=5

Figure 3: Part of a granuloma (left) with central necrosis surrounded by numerous macrophages, neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells, and multifocal perivascular cuffs in the adjacent parenchyma (haematoxylin-.eosin staining, magnification x 200)
Mentions: There were also multiple granulomas consisting of central dark eosinophilic amorphous material that was surrounded by multinucleated giant cells, degenerated and non-degenerated neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells (Fig. 3). In the white matter, perivascular cuffs of lymphocytes and plasma cells, gliosis and formation of glial nodules were detected. Based on the above mentioned findings the morphological diagnosis was pyogranulomatous meningoencephalitis, multi-focal, severe with necrosis, compression and coenuri and lymphocytic perivascular cuffing. The cysts were examined in the Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University and the findings were as reported by Giadinis et al. (7). Due to the gross and microscopic lesions documented in this case, acute coenurosis diagnosis was established.

Bottom Line: A case of regurgitations in a 2.5 month old lamb with acute coenurosis is being reported.The lamb was presented with a sudden onset of ataxia and regurgitations for 10 days.Thus, acute coenurosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of regurgitations in lambs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Clinic of Farm Animals, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

ABSTRACT
Coenurosis is a disease of the central nervous system in sheep, caused by Coenurus cerebralis, the larval stage of Multiceps multiceps, which inhabits the small intestine of Canidae. A case of regurgitations in a 2.5 month old lamb with acute coenurosis is being reported. The lamb was presented with a sudden onset of ataxia and regurgitations for 10 days. The post-mortem examination revealed 4 immature C. cerebralis cysts between 0.5 and 1.5 cm in diameter located in the brainstem and cerebellum, and histopathological examination revealed multifocal pyogranulomatous meningoencephalitis, so a diagnosis of acute coenurosis was established. Thus, acute coenurosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of regurgitations in lambs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus