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Do overweight workers profit by workplace health promotion, more than their normal-weight peers? Evaluation of a worksite intervention.

Mache S, Jensen S, Linnig S, Jahn R, Steudtner M, Ochsmann E, Preuß G - J Occup Med Toxicol (2015)

Bottom Line: No significant weight reduction could be found, only a minimal reduction of BMI.No significant improvements were found for overall perception of health status between baseline and follow-up in the BMI-groups.An investigation of long-term effects of this multi-component intervention is strongly recommended.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Seewartenstrasse 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT

Background: Worksite health promotion programs have been identified as strongly effective in decreasing body weight and increasing awareness and change in health behavior. Aim of this study is to determine the effects of a multi-component intervention in workplace health promotion.

Methods: In a controlled study trail, 1,573 workers of a logistics company had the chance to participate in a one year worksite health promotion program. Main elements of the multi-component intervention were physical activity training in combination with nutrition counseling. Employees completed a questionnaire at baseline and then again after twelve month. Main outcome variables were changes in body weight and health behaviors. Secondary outcomes were subjective health indicators.

Results: Our results showed preliminary improvements in physical activity and eating behavior among normal weight and overweight/obesity weight groups. No significant weight reduction could be found, only a minimal reduction of BMI. The reduction was larger in the overweight group. Workers considered overweight or obese showed significantly greater body weight loss and changes in eating behavior than workers with a normal weight status. Workers with obesity/overweight scored their general health status significantly lower than their colleagues with normal weight status. No significant improvements were found for overall perception of health status between baseline and follow-up in the BMI-groups.

Conclusion: This 12-month intervention-control study suggests that a well-implemented multi-component workplace health promotion program may support substantial change in health behavior (e.g. nutrition and physical activity). It is indicated that overweight employees may especially profit from such worksite health promotion. An investigation of long-term effects of this multi-component intervention is strongly recommended.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

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Mentions: The success of the worksite health intervention was assessed in a controlled study trial. Participants’ ratings were measured at baseline (t0), after six months (t1, process evaluation), and after twelve months (follow-up; t2) (see Fig. 1).Fig. 1


Do overweight workers profit by workplace health promotion, more than their normal-weight peers? Evaluation of a worksite intervention.

Mache S, Jensen S, Linnig S, Jahn R, Steudtner M, Ochsmann E, Preuß G - J Occup Med Toxicol (2015)

Flow chart
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4522134&req=5

Fig1: Flow chart
Mentions: The success of the worksite health intervention was assessed in a controlled study trial. Participants’ ratings were measured at baseline (t0), after six months (t1, process evaluation), and after twelve months (follow-up; t2) (see Fig. 1).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: No significant weight reduction could be found, only a minimal reduction of BMI.No significant improvements were found for overall perception of health status between baseline and follow-up in the BMI-groups.An investigation of long-term effects of this multi-component intervention is strongly recommended.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Seewartenstrasse 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT

Background: Worksite health promotion programs have been identified as strongly effective in decreasing body weight and increasing awareness and change in health behavior. Aim of this study is to determine the effects of a multi-component intervention in workplace health promotion.

Methods: In a controlled study trail, 1,573 workers of a logistics company had the chance to participate in a one year worksite health promotion program. Main elements of the multi-component intervention were physical activity training in combination with nutrition counseling. Employees completed a questionnaire at baseline and then again after twelve month. Main outcome variables were changes in body weight and health behaviors. Secondary outcomes were subjective health indicators.

Results: Our results showed preliminary improvements in physical activity and eating behavior among normal weight and overweight/obesity weight groups. No significant weight reduction could be found, only a minimal reduction of BMI. The reduction was larger in the overweight group. Workers considered overweight or obese showed significantly greater body weight loss and changes in eating behavior than workers with a normal weight status. Workers with obesity/overweight scored their general health status significantly lower than their colleagues with normal weight status. No significant improvements were found for overall perception of health status between baseline and follow-up in the BMI-groups.

Conclusion: This 12-month intervention-control study suggests that a well-implemented multi-component workplace health promotion program may support substantial change in health behavior (e.g. nutrition and physical activity). It is indicated that overweight employees may especially profit from such worksite health promotion. An investigation of long-term effects of this multi-component intervention is strongly recommended.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus