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An up-date on health-related quality of life in myasthenia gravis -results from population based cohorts.

Boldingh MI, Dekker L, Maniaol AH, Brunborg C, Lipka AF, Niks EH, Verschuuren JJ, Tallaksen CM - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2015)

Bottom Line: The mean HRQOL score was lower in patients with bulbar and generalized symptoms (p < 0.001) compared to sex and age adjusted healthy controls, but not in patients with ocular symptoms or patients in remission.Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender, generalized symptoms and use of secondary immunosuppressive drugs at the time of testing were risk factors for reduced HRQOL.Historically, the HRQOL levels have not changed since 2001 and no new clinical predictors could be detected in this exhaustive population-based study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål and Rikshospitalet, Ullevål, Pb. 4950 Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway. marbol@ous-hf.no.

ABSTRACT

Unlabelled: Current available therapies control Myasthenia gravis (MG) reasonably well, but Health Related Quality of life (HRQOL) remains lower than expected. The aim was provide insights in how HRQOL in MG stands across borders and time, compare the scores to general population controls and other chronic disorders and assess the impact of potential predictors for quality of life such as a) clinical characteristics b) antibodies c) thymoma and d) treatment in a population-based cohort.

Methods: We designed a population-based cross-sectional study including 858 patients, 373 from Norway and 485 from the Netherlands. The Short Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36) and a cross-cultural validated questionnaire were used. Data were in addition compared to the general population, other chronic diseases and previous studies.

Results: Mean physical composite score was 59.4 and mental composite score 69.0 with no differences between the countries. The mean HRQOL score was lower in patients with bulbar and generalized symptoms (p < 0.001) compared to sex and age adjusted healthy controls, but not in patients with ocular symptoms or patients in remission. Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender, generalized symptoms and use of secondary immunosuppressive drugs at the time of testing were risk factors for reduced HRQOL.

Conclusions: Remission and absence of generalized symptoms were favorable factors for HRQOL in MG patients. Historically, the HRQOL levels have not changed since 2001 and no new clinical predictors could be detected in this exhaustive population-based study. Further studies should explore the impact of non clinical factors like ethnic variations, socio-economic and hormonal factors on HRQOL.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Overview over study procedure. The study was conducted among all MG patients in Norway and the contiguous regions of South- and North Holland in the Netherlands, including an additional MuSK Sample from entire Netherlands. The case identification and inclusion criteria were the same in both countries. The case search in the Norwegian study area was performed nationwide including 4 university clinics, 15 local clinics and 11 private clinics. Recruitment started: 01.01.2008. Recruitment stopped: 01.11.2009. The case search in the Dutch study was conducted in two regions and the affiliation to the geographical area was defined by postal code. The area had 4 university clinics, 25 local clinics and one private clinic. Recruitment started: 01.10.2011. Recruitment stopped: 01.01.2012. 43 patients were not eligible for questionnaire study because of change of address, dementia and other co-morbidities and delay in registration of ICD-code. Abbreviations: ICD = international classification diagnosis. F: M = female: male ratio
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Fig1: Overview over study procedure. The study was conducted among all MG patients in Norway and the contiguous regions of South- and North Holland in the Netherlands, including an additional MuSK Sample from entire Netherlands. The case identification and inclusion criteria were the same in both countries. The case search in the Norwegian study area was performed nationwide including 4 university clinics, 15 local clinics and 11 private clinics. Recruitment started: 01.01.2008. Recruitment stopped: 01.11.2009. The case search in the Dutch study was conducted in two regions and the affiliation to the geographical area was defined by postal code. The area had 4 university clinics, 25 local clinics and one private clinic. Recruitment started: 01.10.2011. Recruitment stopped: 01.01.2012. 43 patients were not eligible for questionnaire study because of change of address, dementia and other co-morbidities and delay in registration of ICD-code. Abbreviations: ICD = international classification diagnosis. F: M = female: male ratio

Mentions: The design was cross sectional including two large population based MG cohorts from the entire Norway and a contigous province of South-Holland and North-Holland in The Netherlands (Fig. 1). In order to increase the sample size of MuSK MG in the serological subgroup analysis, we included a national population based sample (n = 34) from a prevalence study in the Netherlands [18].Fig. 1


An up-date on health-related quality of life in myasthenia gravis -results from population based cohorts.

Boldingh MI, Dekker L, Maniaol AH, Brunborg C, Lipka AF, Niks EH, Verschuuren JJ, Tallaksen CM - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2015)

Overview over study procedure. The study was conducted among all MG patients in Norway and the contiguous regions of South- and North Holland in the Netherlands, including an additional MuSK Sample from entire Netherlands. The case identification and inclusion criteria were the same in both countries. The case search in the Norwegian study area was performed nationwide including 4 university clinics, 15 local clinics and 11 private clinics. Recruitment started: 01.01.2008. Recruitment stopped: 01.11.2009. The case search in the Dutch study was conducted in two regions and the affiliation to the geographical area was defined by postal code. The area had 4 university clinics, 25 local clinics and one private clinic. Recruitment started: 01.10.2011. Recruitment stopped: 01.01.2012. 43 patients were not eligible for questionnaire study because of change of address, dementia and other co-morbidities and delay in registration of ICD-code. Abbreviations: ICD = international classification diagnosis. F: M = female: male ratio
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4522107&req=5

Fig1: Overview over study procedure. The study was conducted among all MG patients in Norway and the contiguous regions of South- and North Holland in the Netherlands, including an additional MuSK Sample from entire Netherlands. The case identification and inclusion criteria were the same in both countries. The case search in the Norwegian study area was performed nationwide including 4 university clinics, 15 local clinics and 11 private clinics. Recruitment started: 01.01.2008. Recruitment stopped: 01.11.2009. The case search in the Dutch study was conducted in two regions and the affiliation to the geographical area was defined by postal code. The area had 4 university clinics, 25 local clinics and one private clinic. Recruitment started: 01.10.2011. Recruitment stopped: 01.01.2012. 43 patients were not eligible for questionnaire study because of change of address, dementia and other co-morbidities and delay in registration of ICD-code. Abbreviations: ICD = international classification diagnosis. F: M = female: male ratio
Mentions: The design was cross sectional including two large population based MG cohorts from the entire Norway and a contigous province of South-Holland and North-Holland in The Netherlands (Fig. 1). In order to increase the sample size of MuSK MG in the serological subgroup analysis, we included a national population based sample (n = 34) from a prevalence study in the Netherlands [18].Fig. 1

Bottom Line: The mean HRQOL score was lower in patients with bulbar and generalized symptoms (p < 0.001) compared to sex and age adjusted healthy controls, but not in patients with ocular symptoms or patients in remission.Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender, generalized symptoms and use of secondary immunosuppressive drugs at the time of testing were risk factors for reduced HRQOL.Historically, the HRQOL levels have not changed since 2001 and no new clinical predictors could be detected in this exhaustive population-based study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål and Rikshospitalet, Ullevål, Pb. 4950 Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway. marbol@ous-hf.no.

ABSTRACT

Unlabelled: Current available therapies control Myasthenia gravis (MG) reasonably well, but Health Related Quality of life (HRQOL) remains lower than expected. The aim was provide insights in how HRQOL in MG stands across borders and time, compare the scores to general population controls and other chronic disorders and assess the impact of potential predictors for quality of life such as a) clinical characteristics b) antibodies c) thymoma and d) treatment in a population-based cohort.

Methods: We designed a population-based cross-sectional study including 858 patients, 373 from Norway and 485 from the Netherlands. The Short Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36) and a cross-cultural validated questionnaire were used. Data were in addition compared to the general population, other chronic diseases and previous studies.

Results: Mean physical composite score was 59.4 and mental composite score 69.0 with no differences between the countries. The mean HRQOL score was lower in patients with bulbar and generalized symptoms (p < 0.001) compared to sex and age adjusted healthy controls, but not in patients with ocular symptoms or patients in remission. Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender, generalized symptoms and use of secondary immunosuppressive drugs at the time of testing were risk factors for reduced HRQOL.

Conclusions: Remission and absence of generalized symptoms were favorable factors for HRQOL in MG patients. Historically, the HRQOL levels have not changed since 2001 and no new clinical predictors could be detected in this exhaustive population-based study. Further studies should explore the impact of non clinical factors like ethnic variations, socio-economic and hormonal factors on HRQOL.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus