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Control of a Supernumerary Robotic Hand by Foot: An Experimental Study in Virtual Reality.

Abdi E, Burdet E, Bouri M, Bleuler H - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: In the operational theater, the surgical team could highly benefit from a robotic supplementary hand under the surgeon's full control.Participants' performance improved within a few minutes of practice without any specific difficulty to complete the tasks.These results suggest that a combination of practice and appropriate tasks can enhance the learning process for controlling a robotic hand by foot.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Robotic Systems Laboratory, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
In the operational theater, the surgical team could highly benefit from a robotic supplementary hand under the surgeon's full control. The surgeon may so become more autonomous; this may reduce communication errors with the assistants and take over difficult tasks such as holding tools without tremor. In this paper, we therefore examine the possibility to control a third robotic hand with one foot's movements. Three experiments in virtual reality were designed to assess the feasibility of this control strategy, the learning curve of the subjects in different tasks and the coordination of foot movements with the two natural hands. Results show that the limbs are moved simultaneously, in parallel rather than serially. Participants' performance improved within a few minutes of practice without any specific difficulty to complete the tasks. Subjective assessment by the subjects indicated that controlling a third hand by foot has been easy and required only negligible physical and mental efforts. The sense of ownership was reported to improve through the experiments. The mental burden was not directly related to the level of motion required by a task, but depended on the type of activity and practice. The most difficult task was moving two hands and foot in opposite directions. These results suggest that a combination of practice and appropriate tasks can enhance the learning process for controlling a robotic hand by foot.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparative questions:A. “In which experiment it was easier for you to control the third hand?” B. “Which experiment helped you more in mastering the simultaneous control of three hands?”
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pone.0134501.g007: Comparative questions:A. “In which experiment it was easier for you to control the third hand?” B. “Which experiment helped you more in mastering the simultaneous control of three hands?”

Mentions: At the end of the whole experiment, participants compared the three games with respect to the ease of control of the third hand. They had first to select the most difficult and the easiest game (Fig 7A). 10/13 participants stated that they have controlled the third hand more easily in the third game. Also 10 participants found the second game the most difficult one, which may indicate that the least difficulty of the third game does not stem from practice with the two first games. These results are in agreement with those of the dedicated questionnaires for each game.


Control of a Supernumerary Robotic Hand by Foot: An Experimental Study in Virtual Reality.

Abdi E, Burdet E, Bouri M, Bleuler H - PLoS ONE (2015)

Comparative questions:A. “In which experiment it was easier for you to control the third hand?” B. “Which experiment helped you more in mastering the simultaneous control of three hands?”
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4520700&req=5

pone.0134501.g007: Comparative questions:A. “In which experiment it was easier for you to control the third hand?” B. “Which experiment helped you more in mastering the simultaneous control of three hands?”
Mentions: At the end of the whole experiment, participants compared the three games with respect to the ease of control of the third hand. They had first to select the most difficult and the easiest game (Fig 7A). 10/13 participants stated that they have controlled the third hand more easily in the third game. Also 10 participants found the second game the most difficult one, which may indicate that the least difficulty of the third game does not stem from practice with the two first games. These results are in agreement with those of the dedicated questionnaires for each game.

Bottom Line: In the operational theater, the surgical team could highly benefit from a robotic supplementary hand under the surgeon's full control.Participants' performance improved within a few minutes of practice without any specific difficulty to complete the tasks.These results suggest that a combination of practice and appropriate tasks can enhance the learning process for controlling a robotic hand by foot.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Robotic Systems Laboratory, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
In the operational theater, the surgical team could highly benefit from a robotic supplementary hand under the surgeon's full control. The surgeon may so become more autonomous; this may reduce communication errors with the assistants and take over difficult tasks such as holding tools without tremor. In this paper, we therefore examine the possibility to control a third robotic hand with one foot's movements. Three experiments in virtual reality were designed to assess the feasibility of this control strategy, the learning curve of the subjects in different tasks and the coordination of foot movements with the two natural hands. Results show that the limbs are moved simultaneously, in parallel rather than serially. Participants' performance improved within a few minutes of practice without any specific difficulty to complete the tasks. Subjective assessment by the subjects indicated that controlling a third hand by foot has been easy and required only negligible physical and mental efforts. The sense of ownership was reported to improve through the experiments. The mental burden was not directly related to the level of motion required by a task, but depended on the type of activity and practice. The most difficult task was moving two hands and foot in opposite directions. These results suggest that a combination of practice and appropriate tasks can enhance the learning process for controlling a robotic hand by foot.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus