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Assessment of chest X-ray images in newborns with respiratory disorders.

Czarnecki ŁM - Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol (2015)

Bottom Line: A pathologically widened mediastinal shadow was observed in 4 newborns; in 4 cases, evaluation was not possible.The final radiographs were normal in 41 cases.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Imaging, SPSK1, Zabrze, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to analyze major radiological signs on chest X-ray images of neonates with respiratory disorders. The analyzed group consisted of 84 neonates; 56 were born prematurely. In total, 386 X-ray photographs of the neonates were taken; of these, 301 were chest radiographs. The following conditions were diagnosed: pneumonia (n = 44), infant respiratory distress syndrome (n = 28), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (n = 9), atelectasis (n = 5), and meconium aspiration syndrome (n = 3). The initial X-ray images of 29 neonates were normal. Reduced aeration of lung tissue was diagnosed in 55 patients, increased lung tissue aeration in 6. A pathologically widened mediastinal shadow was observed in 4 newborns; in 4 cases, evaluation was not possible. The final radiographs were normal in 41 cases. The most common radiological sign in respiratory disorders is the reduction of lung aeration. Chest X-ray examination plays a significant role in the diagnostics of respiratory disorders, which may be caused be factors unrelated to the respiratory system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Quantitative division of the major radiological signs in the studied group of neonates
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Figure 0002: Quantitative division of the major radiological signs in the studied group of neonates

Mentions: Infant respiratory distress syndrome was diagnosed in 28 neonates (Fig. 2); in 9 cases, the diagnosis was made after the first radiograph, while in the remaining 19 cases, it was made after more chest X-ray photographs were taken. 1st-degree IRDS was diagnosed in 17 neonates, 2nd-degree in 9, 3rd-degree in 1, and 4th-degree in 1 neonate. Changes consistent with IRDS were only visible on the first radiographs in the case of 13 neonates; they persisted on > 1 radiograph in another 15 cases.


Assessment of chest X-ray images in newborns with respiratory disorders.

Czarnecki ŁM - Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol (2015)

Quantitative division of the major radiological signs in the studied group of neonates
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4520502&req=5

Figure 0002: Quantitative division of the major radiological signs in the studied group of neonates
Mentions: Infant respiratory distress syndrome was diagnosed in 28 neonates (Fig. 2); in 9 cases, the diagnosis was made after the first radiograph, while in the remaining 19 cases, it was made after more chest X-ray photographs were taken. 1st-degree IRDS was diagnosed in 17 neonates, 2nd-degree in 9, 3rd-degree in 1, and 4th-degree in 1 neonate. Changes consistent with IRDS were only visible on the first radiographs in the case of 13 neonates; they persisted on > 1 radiograph in another 15 cases.

Bottom Line: A pathologically widened mediastinal shadow was observed in 4 newborns; in 4 cases, evaluation was not possible.The final radiographs were normal in 41 cases.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Imaging, SPSK1, Zabrze, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to analyze major radiological signs on chest X-ray images of neonates with respiratory disorders. The analyzed group consisted of 84 neonates; 56 were born prematurely. In total, 386 X-ray photographs of the neonates were taken; of these, 301 were chest radiographs. The following conditions were diagnosed: pneumonia (n = 44), infant respiratory distress syndrome (n = 28), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (n = 9), atelectasis (n = 5), and meconium aspiration syndrome (n = 3). The initial X-ray images of 29 neonates were normal. Reduced aeration of lung tissue was diagnosed in 55 patients, increased lung tissue aeration in 6. A pathologically widened mediastinal shadow was observed in 4 newborns; in 4 cases, evaluation was not possible. The final radiographs were normal in 41 cases. The most common radiological sign in respiratory disorders is the reduction of lung aeration. Chest X-ray examination plays a significant role in the diagnostics of respiratory disorders, which may be caused be factors unrelated to the respiratory system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus