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Assessment of Coastal Ecosystem Services for Conservation Strategies in South Korea.

Chung MG, Kang H, Choi SU - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: We found strong negative associations between the habitat risks and ecosystem services (aquaculture, carbon storage, recreation, and aesthetic quality) across the coastal counties.Our results showed that the intensity of the habitat risks and the provision of ecosystem services were significantly different between reclamation-dominated and conservation-dominated counties, except for coastal vulnerability.As cultural ecosystem services are evenly distributed throughout coastal areas of South Korea, decision makers may employ them to improve the conditions of coastal wetlands outside of protected areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Despite the fact that scientific and political consideration for ecosystem services has dramatically increased over the past decade, few studies have focused on marine and coastal ecosystem services for conservation strategies. We used an ecosystem services approach to assess spatial distributions of habitat risks and four ecosystem services (coastal protection, carbon storage, recreation, and aesthetic quality), and explored the tradeoffs among them in coastal areas of South Korea. Additionally, we analyzed how the social and ecological characteristics in coastal areas interact with conservation and development policies by using this approach. We found strong negative associations between the habitat risks and ecosystem services (aquaculture, carbon storage, recreation, and aesthetic quality) across the coastal counties. Our results showed that the intensity of the habitat risks and the provision of ecosystem services were significantly different between reclamation-dominated and conservation-dominated counties, except for coastal vulnerability. A generalized linear model suggested that reclamation projects were dependent on economic efficiency, whereas demographic pressures and habitat conditions influenced the designation of protected areas at a county level. The ecosystem services approach provided guidelines to achieve both sustainable development and environment conservation. By using the approach, we can select the priority areas for developments while we can minimize the degradation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. As cultural ecosystem services are evenly distributed throughout coastal areas of South Korea, decision makers may employ them to improve the conditions of coastal wetlands outside of protected areas.

No MeSH data available.


Maps of habitat risk assessments in terrestrial and coastal areas in South Korea.Feature values on maps refer as continuous values from poor (red) to good (green) conditions.
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pone.0133856.g002: Maps of habitat risk assessments in terrestrial and coastal areas in South Korea.Feature values on maps refer as continuous values from poor (red) to good (green) conditions.

Mentions: The coastal and terrestrial habitat risk assessments in the study area are shown in Fig 2. The distribution of the values of habitat risks was different among the counties. The habitat conditions seriously deteriorate in urbanized areas such as Incheon and Busan, but most counties in the southwest are under low levels of habitat risk. The values of coastal habitat risk strongly correlate with terrestrial habitat conditions. For example, reclaimed areas particularly lead to the degradation of natural habitats in adjacent terrestrial and coastal counties (Figs 1 and 2). The maps represent the intensities of several threats to natural habitats, while the habitat risk assessments signify the status of environmental degradation.


Assessment of Coastal Ecosystem Services for Conservation Strategies in South Korea.

Chung MG, Kang H, Choi SU - PLoS ONE (2015)

Maps of habitat risk assessments in terrestrial and coastal areas in South Korea.Feature values on maps refer as continuous values from poor (red) to good (green) conditions.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4519238&req=5

pone.0133856.g002: Maps of habitat risk assessments in terrestrial and coastal areas in South Korea.Feature values on maps refer as continuous values from poor (red) to good (green) conditions.
Mentions: The coastal and terrestrial habitat risk assessments in the study area are shown in Fig 2. The distribution of the values of habitat risks was different among the counties. The habitat conditions seriously deteriorate in urbanized areas such as Incheon and Busan, but most counties in the southwest are under low levels of habitat risk. The values of coastal habitat risk strongly correlate with terrestrial habitat conditions. For example, reclaimed areas particularly lead to the degradation of natural habitats in adjacent terrestrial and coastal counties (Figs 1 and 2). The maps represent the intensities of several threats to natural habitats, while the habitat risk assessments signify the status of environmental degradation.

Bottom Line: We found strong negative associations between the habitat risks and ecosystem services (aquaculture, carbon storage, recreation, and aesthetic quality) across the coastal counties.Our results showed that the intensity of the habitat risks and the provision of ecosystem services were significantly different between reclamation-dominated and conservation-dominated counties, except for coastal vulnerability.As cultural ecosystem services are evenly distributed throughout coastal areas of South Korea, decision makers may employ them to improve the conditions of coastal wetlands outside of protected areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Despite the fact that scientific and political consideration for ecosystem services has dramatically increased over the past decade, few studies have focused on marine and coastal ecosystem services for conservation strategies. We used an ecosystem services approach to assess spatial distributions of habitat risks and four ecosystem services (coastal protection, carbon storage, recreation, and aesthetic quality), and explored the tradeoffs among them in coastal areas of South Korea. Additionally, we analyzed how the social and ecological characteristics in coastal areas interact with conservation and development policies by using this approach. We found strong negative associations between the habitat risks and ecosystem services (aquaculture, carbon storage, recreation, and aesthetic quality) across the coastal counties. Our results showed that the intensity of the habitat risks and the provision of ecosystem services were significantly different between reclamation-dominated and conservation-dominated counties, except for coastal vulnerability. A generalized linear model suggested that reclamation projects were dependent on economic efficiency, whereas demographic pressures and habitat conditions influenced the designation of protected areas at a county level. The ecosystem services approach provided guidelines to achieve both sustainable development and environment conservation. By using the approach, we can select the priority areas for developments while we can minimize the degradation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. As cultural ecosystem services are evenly distributed throughout coastal areas of South Korea, decision makers may employ them to improve the conditions of coastal wetlands outside of protected areas.

No MeSH data available.