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Review of Platonov ’ s β€œ Sports Training Periodization. General Theory and its Practical Application ” – Kiev: Olympic Literature, 2013 (part two)

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Platonov presents in detail the following topics „Bases for year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 20), “Eastern European experience of year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 21), “American and Australian experience of year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 22), “Contemporary models of year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 23) and “Direct preparation for competition” (chapter 24)... The order and proportion of components of the training process adequate for aims at particular levels of preparation are of great importance... Lack of realization of training tasks within this area results in a significant decrease in training efficacy... Taking into consideration that the main aim of a training program is to prepare an athlete for the most significant competition in a given year (the Olympic Games, World Championships), the best result may be achieved following mono and two-cycle periodization (three-cycle periodization is not that frequently applied)... Based on many experts’ opinions including recommendations of the American Swimming Coaches Association, Platonov states that the most effective model is monocycle periodization with some elements of two-cycle, while in the years when the Olympic Games and World Championships do not take place, elite athletes may follow three and multicycle periodization (4–7 macrocycles) (p. 381)... However, too frequent participation in competitions is also related with significant fatigue, disruption of the structure of a training process, getting accustomed to competitions and their conditions... The author does not consider this approach as the most effective when the aim is to reach peak performance for the main competition... The second strategy is characteristic for most of the elite athletes nowadays who participate in different competitions during a long period (up to 10 months) and concurrently aim at their peak performance to be reached during the main competition of the year... According to Platonov, this strategy decreases effectiveness of the training process with respect to the main competition of the year and consequently, does not ensure reaching peak performance of an athlete during this particular moment... The third strategy concerns mainly such sports disciplines where the athletes take part in several competitions through a year aiming at their peak performance every single time... In the following parts of chapter 20, Platonov presents in detail mono, two and three-cycle models of year round periodization... The aforementioned observation is presented in one of the Figures (p. 397) by means of a two-cycle model of periodization applied in elite freestyle wrestlers... Finally, Platonov states that taking into consideration all positive aspects related to the possibility of frequent participation of an athlete in competitions through a year, multicycle models of periodization including two and three cycles have one important shortcoming, i.e. they do not assure the highest level of general conditioning which, as confirmed by practitioners and researchers, requires training to be carried out for 16–20 weeks (p. 397). “Shorter and less intensive training aiming at general conditioning does not provide the necessary base even if at further stages of the training process structures such as a mezocycle or 2–3 microcycles directed at the development of fundamental for a given sports discipline motor abilities are implemented” (p. 397)... It refers not only to the theoretical basis of periodization which focuses on creation of appropriate conditions necessary to reach peak performance by athletes during the main competition of the year, but also to the terminology... In chapter 23, Platonov presents modern models of year round periodization which include specific demands and requirements of particular sports disciplines, a multiannual approach to the training process and a calendar of competitions.

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Different models of periodization within one macrocycle (12 months): A – mono-cycle planning; B – two-cycle planning; C – three-cycle planning; D – a β€œdouble” cycle; E – a β€žtriple” cycle; I – preparatory period; I I – competitive period; III – transitional period (Platonov, 2013)
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f2-jhk-46-273: Different models of periodization within one macrocycle (12 months): A – mono-cycle planning; B – two-cycle planning; C – three-cycle planning; D – a β€œdouble” cycle; E – a β€žtriple” cycle; I – preparatory period; I I – competitive period; III – transitional period (Platonov, 2013)

Mentions: In the following parts of chapter 20, Platonov presents in detail mono, two and three-cycle models of year round periodization. He emphasizes that regardless of the structure of an annual training process model, the structure of a macrocycle consists of relatively independent elements which are, however, connected by their character, tasks order and content, i.e. periods (preparatory, competitive, transitional), phases and mesocycles. The same elements may be assigned different main aims and tasks, they may vary in their general structure and content as specific for a given sports discipline. Some discrepancies may also be noted taking into account a training program from a multiannual perspective, particular skills and abilities of an athlete as well as a calendar of competitions and tasks of an athlete during the main competition of a macrocycle (p. 391). Models of mono, two and three-cycle year round periodization are presented in Figures 1 and 2.


Review of Platonov ’ s β€œ Sports Training Periodization. General Theory and its Practical Application ” – Kiev: Olympic Literature, 2013 (part two)
Different models of periodization within one macrocycle (12 months): A – mono-cycle planning; B – two-cycle planning; C – three-cycle planning; D – a β€œdouble” cycle; E – a β€žtriple” cycle; I – preparatory period; I I – competitive period; III – transitional period (Platonov, 2013)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4519218&req=5

f2-jhk-46-273: Different models of periodization within one macrocycle (12 months): A – mono-cycle planning; B – two-cycle planning; C – three-cycle planning; D – a β€œdouble” cycle; E – a β€žtriple” cycle; I – preparatory period; I I – competitive period; III – transitional period (Platonov, 2013)
Mentions: In the following parts of chapter 20, Platonov presents in detail mono, two and three-cycle models of year round periodization. He emphasizes that regardless of the structure of an annual training process model, the structure of a macrocycle consists of relatively independent elements which are, however, connected by their character, tasks order and content, i.e. periods (preparatory, competitive, transitional), phases and mesocycles. The same elements may be assigned different main aims and tasks, they may vary in their general structure and content as specific for a given sports discipline. Some discrepancies may also be noted taking into account a training program from a multiannual perspective, particular skills and abilities of an athlete as well as a calendar of competitions and tasks of an athlete during the main competition of a macrocycle (p. 391). Models of mono, two and three-cycle year round periodization are presented in Figures 1 and 2.

View Article: PubMed Central

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Platonov presents in detail the following topics „Bases for year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 20), “Eastern European experience of year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 21), “American and Australian experience of year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 22), “Contemporary models of year round periodization in a training process” (chapter 23) and “Direct preparation for competition” (chapter 24)... The order and proportion of components of the training process adequate for aims at particular levels of preparation are of great importance... Lack of realization of training tasks within this area results in a significant decrease in training efficacy... Taking into consideration that the main aim of a training program is to prepare an athlete for the most significant competition in a given year (the Olympic Games, World Championships), the best result may be achieved following mono and two-cycle periodization (three-cycle periodization is not that frequently applied)... Based on many experts’ opinions including recommendations of the American Swimming Coaches Association, Platonov states that the most effective model is monocycle periodization with some elements of two-cycle, while in the years when the Olympic Games and World Championships do not take place, elite athletes may follow three and multicycle periodization (4–7 macrocycles) (p. 381)... However, too frequent participation in competitions is also related with significant fatigue, disruption of the structure of a training process, getting accustomed to competitions and their conditions... The author does not consider this approach as the most effective when the aim is to reach peak performance for the main competition... The second strategy is characteristic for most of the elite athletes nowadays who participate in different competitions during a long period (up to 10 months) and concurrently aim at their peak performance to be reached during the main competition of the year... According to Platonov, this strategy decreases effectiveness of the training process with respect to the main competition of the year and consequently, does not ensure reaching peak performance of an athlete during this particular moment... The third strategy concerns mainly such sports disciplines where the athletes take part in several competitions through a year aiming at their peak performance every single time... In the following parts of chapter 20, Platonov presents in detail mono, two and three-cycle models of year round periodization... The aforementioned observation is presented in one of the Figures (p. 397) by means of a two-cycle model of periodization applied in elite freestyle wrestlers... Finally, Platonov states that taking into consideration all positive aspects related to the possibility of frequent participation of an athlete in competitions through a year, multicycle models of periodization including two and three cycles have one important shortcoming, i.e. they do not assure the highest level of general conditioning which, as confirmed by practitioners and researchers, requires training to be carried out for 16–20 weeks (p. 397). “Shorter and less intensive training aiming at general conditioning does not provide the necessary base even if at further stages of the training process structures such as a mezocycle or 2–3 microcycles directed at the development of fundamental for a given sports discipline motor abilities are implemented” (p. 397)... It refers not only to the theoretical basis of periodization which focuses on creation of appropriate conditions necessary to reach peak performance by athletes during the main competition of the year, but also to the terminology... In chapter 23, Platonov presents modern models of year round periodization which include specific demands and requirements of particular sports disciplines, a multiannual approach to the training process and a calendar of competitions.

No MeSH data available.