Limits...
World Input-Output Network.

Cerina F, Zhu Z, Chessa A, Riccaboni M - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: At regional level, we find that the world production is still operated nationally or at most regionally as the communities detected are either individual economies or geographically well defined regions.Finally, at local level, for each industry we compare the network-based measures with the traditional methods of backward linkages.We find that the network-based measures such as PageRank centrality and community coreness measure can give valuable insights into identifying the key industries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Linkalab, Complex Systems Computational Laboratory, Cagliari, Italy; Department of Physics, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Production systems, traditionally analyzed as almost independent national systems, are increasingly connected on a global scale. Only recently becoming available, the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) is one of the first efforts to construct the global multi-regional input-output (GMRIO) tables. By viewing the world input-output system as an interdependent network where the nodes are the individual industries in different economies and the edges are the monetary goods flows between industries, we analyze respectively the global, regional, and local network properties of the so-called world input-output network (WION) and document its evolution over time. At global level, we find that the industries are highly but asymmetrically connected, which implies that micro shocks can lead to macro fluctuations. At regional level, we find that the world production is still operated nationally or at most regionally as the communities detected are either individual economies or geographically well defined regions. Finally, at local level, for each industry we compare the network-based measures with the traditional methods of backward linkages. We find that the network-based measures such as PageRank centrality and community coreness measure can give valuable insights into identifying the key industries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The WION in 1995 and 2011.Each node represents a certain industry in a certain economy. The size of the node is proportional to its total degree (number of edges). The edges are directed and only those with strength greater than 1000 millions of US dollars are present. Finally, different colors represent different economies.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4519177&req=5

pone.0134025.g002: The WION in 1995 and 2011.Each node represents a certain industry in a certain economy. The size of the node is proportional to its total degree (number of edges). The edges are directed and only those with strength greater than 1000 millions of US dollars are present. Finally, different colors represent different economies.

Mentions: The filtered version of the constructed WION in 1995 (Panel (A)) and 2011 (Panel (B)) are shown in Fig 2. Each node represents a certain industry in a certain economy. The size of the node is proportional to its total degree. The edges are directed and only those with strength greater than one billion US dollars are present. Finally, different colors represent different economies. Clearly the WION has become denser over time and some countries like China have moved to the core of the network.


World Input-Output Network.

Cerina F, Zhu Z, Chessa A, Riccaboni M - PLoS ONE (2015)

The WION in 1995 and 2011.Each node represents a certain industry in a certain economy. The size of the node is proportional to its total degree (number of edges). The edges are directed and only those with strength greater than 1000 millions of US dollars are present. Finally, different colors represent different economies.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4519177&req=5

pone.0134025.g002: The WION in 1995 and 2011.Each node represents a certain industry in a certain economy. The size of the node is proportional to its total degree (number of edges). The edges are directed and only those with strength greater than 1000 millions of US dollars are present. Finally, different colors represent different economies.
Mentions: The filtered version of the constructed WION in 1995 (Panel (A)) and 2011 (Panel (B)) are shown in Fig 2. Each node represents a certain industry in a certain economy. The size of the node is proportional to its total degree. The edges are directed and only those with strength greater than one billion US dollars are present. Finally, different colors represent different economies. Clearly the WION has become denser over time and some countries like China have moved to the core of the network.

Bottom Line: At regional level, we find that the world production is still operated nationally or at most regionally as the communities detected are either individual economies or geographically well defined regions.Finally, at local level, for each industry we compare the network-based measures with the traditional methods of backward linkages.We find that the network-based measures such as PageRank centrality and community coreness measure can give valuable insights into identifying the key industries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Linkalab, Complex Systems Computational Laboratory, Cagliari, Italy; Department of Physics, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Production systems, traditionally analyzed as almost independent national systems, are increasingly connected on a global scale. Only recently becoming available, the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) is one of the first efforts to construct the global multi-regional input-output (GMRIO) tables. By viewing the world input-output system as an interdependent network where the nodes are the individual industries in different economies and the edges are the monetary goods flows between industries, we analyze respectively the global, regional, and local network properties of the so-called world input-output network (WION) and document its evolution over time. At global level, we find that the industries are highly but asymmetrically connected, which implies that micro shocks can lead to macro fluctuations. At regional level, we find that the world production is still operated nationally or at most regionally as the communities detected are either individual economies or geographically well defined regions. Finally, at local level, for each industry we compare the network-based measures with the traditional methods of backward linkages. We find that the network-based measures such as PageRank centrality and community coreness measure can give valuable insights into identifying the key industries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus