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Indoor Air Quality in Urban and Rural Preschools in Upper Silesia, Poland: Particulate Matter and Carbon Dioxide.

Mainka A, Zajusz-Zubek E - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Among air pollutants, particulate matter (PM) is of the greatest interest mainly due to its acute and chronic effects on children's health.The results indicate the problem of elevated concentrations of PM inside the examined classrooms, as well as that of high levels of CO2 exceeding 1000 ppm in relation to outdoor air.The characteristics of IAQ were significantly different, both in terms of classroom occupation (younger or older children) and of localization (urban or rural).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Air Protection, Silesian University of Technology, 22B Konarskiego St., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland. Anna.Mainka@polsl.pl.

ABSTRACT
Indoor air quality (IAQ) in preschools is an important public health challenge. Particular attention should be paid to younger children, because they are more vulnerable to air pollution than higher grade children and because they spend more time indoors. Among air pollutants, particulate matter (PM) is of the greatest interest mainly due to its acute and chronic effects on children's health. In addition, carbon dioxide (CO2) levels indicate ventilation conditions. In this paper, we present the concentrations of PM (PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and total-TSP) and CO2 monitored in four naturally ventilated nursery schools located in the area of Gliwice, Poland. The nursery schools were selected to characterize areas with different degrees of urbanization and traffic densities during the winter season. The results indicate the problem of elevated concentrations of PM inside the examined classrooms, as well as that of high levels of CO2 exceeding 1000 ppm in relation to outdoor air. The characteristics of IAQ were significantly different, both in terms of classroom occupation (younger or older children) and of localization (urban or rural). To evaluate the children's exposure to poor IAQ, indicators based on air quality guidelines were proposed to rank classrooms according to their hazard on the health of children.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Classification of IAQ (IDA) in nursery school building according to growth of CO2 concentration (ΔCO2).
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ijerph-12-07697-f002: Classification of IAQ (IDA) in nursery school building according to growth of CO2 concentration (ΔCO2).

Mentions: Based on the general guidelines concerning the quality of air inside non-residential buildings (PN-EN 13779, 2008), the increase in CO2 concentrations in relation to CO2 concentration in outdoor air (ΔCO2) was measured during the children’s occupation of both classrooms of each of the studied building. Figure 2 depicts the classification of IAQ in each nursery school building during the children’s occupation during compulsory care/teaching hours (8:00–13:00).


Indoor Air Quality in Urban and Rural Preschools in Upper Silesia, Poland: Particulate Matter and Carbon Dioxide.

Mainka A, Zajusz-Zubek E - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Classification of IAQ (IDA) in nursery school building according to growth of CO2 concentration (ΔCO2).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4515685&req=5

ijerph-12-07697-f002: Classification of IAQ (IDA) in nursery school building according to growth of CO2 concentration (ΔCO2).
Mentions: Based on the general guidelines concerning the quality of air inside non-residential buildings (PN-EN 13779, 2008), the increase in CO2 concentrations in relation to CO2 concentration in outdoor air (ΔCO2) was measured during the children’s occupation of both classrooms of each of the studied building. Figure 2 depicts the classification of IAQ in each nursery school building during the children’s occupation during compulsory care/teaching hours (8:00–13:00).

Bottom Line: Among air pollutants, particulate matter (PM) is of the greatest interest mainly due to its acute and chronic effects on children's health.The results indicate the problem of elevated concentrations of PM inside the examined classrooms, as well as that of high levels of CO2 exceeding 1000 ppm in relation to outdoor air.The characteristics of IAQ were significantly different, both in terms of classroom occupation (younger or older children) and of localization (urban or rural).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Air Protection, Silesian University of Technology, 22B Konarskiego St., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland. Anna.Mainka@polsl.pl.

ABSTRACT
Indoor air quality (IAQ) in preschools is an important public health challenge. Particular attention should be paid to younger children, because they are more vulnerable to air pollution than higher grade children and because they spend more time indoors. Among air pollutants, particulate matter (PM) is of the greatest interest mainly due to its acute and chronic effects on children's health. In addition, carbon dioxide (CO2) levels indicate ventilation conditions. In this paper, we present the concentrations of PM (PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and total-TSP) and CO2 monitored in four naturally ventilated nursery schools located in the area of Gliwice, Poland. The nursery schools were selected to characterize areas with different degrees of urbanization and traffic densities during the winter season. The results indicate the problem of elevated concentrations of PM inside the examined classrooms, as well as that of high levels of CO2 exceeding 1000 ppm in relation to outdoor air. The characteristics of IAQ were significantly different, both in terms of classroom occupation (younger or older children) and of localization (urban or rural). To evaluate the children's exposure to poor IAQ, indicators based on air quality guidelines were proposed to rank classrooms according to their hazard on the health of children.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus