Limits...
Influence of Environmental Governance on Deforestation in Municipalities of the Brazilian Amazon.

Dias LF, Dias DV, Magnusson WE - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Deforestation was not significantly related to environmental governance (p = 0.82).The only indirect effect of significant magnitude was the effect of the density of forest reserves on recent deforestation through deforestation before 2000, which was strongly negative (-0.49).However, it is not enough to assume that general governance or environmental governance at the municipal level, as reflected in the official statistics, benefits environmental conservation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CBIO, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia, Manaus, Brasil.

ABSTRACT
It has been argued that measuring governance at scales smaller than global could be an important management tool. However, current studies are conducted on a global scale and use expensive methods. In the present study, we assess whether the reported governance of Amazonian municipalities is related to reductions in deforestation. Economic activity (EA) affected general governance (G) positively (G = 0.81 +1.19 * EA, F1, 98 = 77.36, p < 0.001). Environmental governance (EG) was not affected significantly (p = 0.43) by deforestation before 2000 (PD), but increased significantly (p < 0.001) with general governance (G) (EG = -0.29 + 0.04 PD+0.98*OG, F2,97 = 42.6, p <0.001). Deforestation was not significantly related to environmental governance (p = 0.82). The only indirect effect of significant magnitude was the effect of the density of forest reserves on recent deforestation through deforestation before 2000, which was strongly negative (-0.49). It is possible to assess reported actions to promote municipal governance through official data. However, it is not enough to assume that general governance or environmental governance at the municipal level, as reflected in the official statistics, benefits environmental conservation. In fact, even at the level of nation states, at which most quantification of governance has been undertaken, it seems that the relationship between governance and environmental preservation is only an assumption, because we are aware of no study that supports that hypothesis quantitatively.

No MeSH data available.


Dimensions of governance and indicators collected.Dimensions of governance established by the World Bank, their definitions and indicators collected from official statistics.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4514646&req=5

pone.0131425.g002: Dimensions of governance and indicators collected.Dimensions of governance established by the World Bank, their definitions and indicators collected from official statistics.

Mentions: There is no generally accepted method of evaluating governance for municipalities, so we adjusted our methods to reflect those use by the World Bank for evaluating governance in nation states. The World Bank divides governance into six dimensions (Fig 2). In this study, we sought official statistics that reflected as much as possible those dimensions.


Influence of Environmental Governance on Deforestation in Municipalities of the Brazilian Amazon.

Dias LF, Dias DV, Magnusson WE - PLoS ONE (2015)

Dimensions of governance and indicators collected.Dimensions of governance established by the World Bank, their definitions and indicators collected from official statistics.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4514646&req=5

pone.0131425.g002: Dimensions of governance and indicators collected.Dimensions of governance established by the World Bank, their definitions and indicators collected from official statistics.
Mentions: There is no generally accepted method of evaluating governance for municipalities, so we adjusted our methods to reflect those use by the World Bank for evaluating governance in nation states. The World Bank divides governance into six dimensions (Fig 2). In this study, we sought official statistics that reflected as much as possible those dimensions.

Bottom Line: Deforestation was not significantly related to environmental governance (p = 0.82).The only indirect effect of significant magnitude was the effect of the density of forest reserves on recent deforestation through deforestation before 2000, which was strongly negative (-0.49).However, it is not enough to assume that general governance or environmental governance at the municipal level, as reflected in the official statistics, benefits environmental conservation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CBIO, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia, Manaus, Brasil.

ABSTRACT
It has been argued that measuring governance at scales smaller than global could be an important management tool. However, current studies are conducted on a global scale and use expensive methods. In the present study, we assess whether the reported governance of Amazonian municipalities is related to reductions in deforestation. Economic activity (EA) affected general governance (G) positively (G = 0.81 +1.19 * EA, F1, 98 = 77.36, p < 0.001). Environmental governance (EG) was not affected significantly (p = 0.43) by deforestation before 2000 (PD), but increased significantly (p < 0.001) with general governance (G) (EG = -0.29 + 0.04 PD+0.98*OG, F2,97 = 42.6, p <0.001). Deforestation was not significantly related to environmental governance (p = 0.82). The only indirect effect of significant magnitude was the effect of the density of forest reserves on recent deforestation through deforestation before 2000, which was strongly negative (-0.49). It is possible to assess reported actions to promote municipal governance through official data. However, it is not enough to assume that general governance or environmental governance at the municipal level, as reflected in the official statistics, benefits environmental conservation. In fact, even at the level of nation states, at which most quantification of governance has been undertaken, it seems that the relationship between governance and environmental preservation is only an assumption, because we are aware of no study that supports that hypothesis quantitatively.

No MeSH data available.