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LPS-Stimulated Whole Blood Cytokine Production Is Not Related to Disease Behavior in Patients with Quiescent Crohn's Disease.

Broekman MM, Roelofs HM, Hoentjen F, Wiegertjes R, Stoel N, Joosten LA, de Jong DJ, Wanten GJ - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Six patients were excluded because of increased inflammation markers resulting in a total of 69 patients.In addition, combination of localization with behavior to differentiate mild from severe disease type showed no significant differences.These findings suggest that genetically determined levels of these cytokines obtained from LPS-stimulated whole blood cultures are not linked with disease behavior or severity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which cytokines play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of inflammation. Innate cytokine production is genetically determined and varies largely between individuals; this might impact the severity of inflammation. We aimed to assess whether ex-vivo endotoxin-stimulated levels of cytokines could be associated with disease phenotype.

Methods: Patients with quiescent CD (Harvey-Bradshaw Index ≤ 4 and negative inflammation markers) who were not using immunomodulating drugs or biologicals were eligible. Historical disease characteristics (localization, behavior, number of bowel resections, drug history, extra-intestinal symptoms) were extracted from medical records. We measured cytokine levels (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-10) in supernatants of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -stimulated whole blood cultures and correlated these with disease characteristics and age- and sex-matched healthy controls. In addition, we analyzed whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of the TNF-α gene were related to TNF-α levels.

Results: We included 75 patients with CD and 24 healthy controls. Six patients were excluded because of increased inflammation markers resulting in a total of 69 patients. The mean age (SD) of patients with CD was 51.2 (12.3) years with a mean (SD) disease duration of 24.1 (11.5) years. Disease localization, peri-anal involvement and behavior were not related to LPS-stimulated TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 or IL-10 levels. In addition, combination of localization with behavior to differentiate mild from severe disease type showed no significant differences. TNF-α levels were higher in patients with CD (428 pg/ml IQR [267-468]) compared to healthy controls (459 pg/ml IQR [364-570], p=0.02). We found no associations between SNPs in the promoter region and TNF-α levels.

Conclusion: In this study, innate cytokine production of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 was not related to historical disease characteristics or disease severity in patients with quiescent CD. These findings suggest that genetically determined levels of these cytokines obtained from LPS-stimulated whole blood cultures are not linked with disease behavior or severity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Relation between cytokine production and disease severity.Values are presented as medians (pg/ml) with the interquartile range. For the number of bowel resections and treatment exposure patients were dichotomized in a low and high group according to the number of resections or the percentage of years in which they were treated with steroids, thiopurines, biologicals, methotrexate or cyclosporine, corrected for disease duration. Two patients were excluded for the analysis for treatment exposure, because no complete drug history was available. TNF-α, Tumor necrosis factor alpha; IL, Interleukin; L1, ileal disease; L3, ileocolonic disease; P-, no fistulas; P+, fistulating disease.
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pone.0133932.g001: Relation between cytokine production and disease severity.Values are presented as medians (pg/ml) with the interquartile range. For the number of bowel resections and treatment exposure patients were dichotomized in a low and high group according to the number of resections or the percentage of years in which they were treated with steroids, thiopurines, biologicals, methotrexate or cyclosporine, corrected for disease duration. Two patients were excluded for the analysis for treatment exposure, because no complete drug history was available. TNF-α, Tumor necrosis factor alpha; IL, Interleukin; L1, ileal disease; L3, ileocolonic disease; P-, no fistulas; P+, fistulating disease.

Mentions: Table 4 and Fig 1 show the median cytokine production and corresponding p-values in relation to disease characteristics and disease severity. None of the disease characteristics showed a significant correlation with TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 or IL-10 levels.


LPS-Stimulated Whole Blood Cytokine Production Is Not Related to Disease Behavior in Patients with Quiescent Crohn's Disease.

Broekman MM, Roelofs HM, Hoentjen F, Wiegertjes R, Stoel N, Joosten LA, de Jong DJ, Wanten GJ - PLoS ONE (2015)

Relation between cytokine production and disease severity.Values are presented as medians (pg/ml) with the interquartile range. For the number of bowel resections and treatment exposure patients were dichotomized in a low and high group according to the number of resections or the percentage of years in which they were treated with steroids, thiopurines, biologicals, methotrexate or cyclosporine, corrected for disease duration. Two patients were excluded for the analysis for treatment exposure, because no complete drug history was available. TNF-α, Tumor necrosis factor alpha; IL, Interleukin; L1, ileal disease; L3, ileocolonic disease; P-, no fistulas; P+, fistulating disease.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4514470&req=5

pone.0133932.g001: Relation between cytokine production and disease severity.Values are presented as medians (pg/ml) with the interquartile range. For the number of bowel resections and treatment exposure patients were dichotomized in a low and high group according to the number of resections or the percentage of years in which they were treated with steroids, thiopurines, biologicals, methotrexate or cyclosporine, corrected for disease duration. Two patients were excluded for the analysis for treatment exposure, because no complete drug history was available. TNF-α, Tumor necrosis factor alpha; IL, Interleukin; L1, ileal disease; L3, ileocolonic disease; P-, no fistulas; P+, fistulating disease.
Mentions: Table 4 and Fig 1 show the median cytokine production and corresponding p-values in relation to disease characteristics and disease severity. None of the disease characteristics showed a significant correlation with TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 or IL-10 levels.

Bottom Line: Six patients were excluded because of increased inflammation markers resulting in a total of 69 patients.In addition, combination of localization with behavior to differentiate mild from severe disease type showed no significant differences.These findings suggest that genetically determined levels of these cytokines obtained from LPS-stimulated whole blood cultures are not linked with disease behavior or severity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which cytokines play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of inflammation. Innate cytokine production is genetically determined and varies largely between individuals; this might impact the severity of inflammation. We aimed to assess whether ex-vivo endotoxin-stimulated levels of cytokines could be associated with disease phenotype.

Methods: Patients with quiescent CD (Harvey-Bradshaw Index ≤ 4 and negative inflammation markers) who were not using immunomodulating drugs or biologicals were eligible. Historical disease characteristics (localization, behavior, number of bowel resections, drug history, extra-intestinal symptoms) were extracted from medical records. We measured cytokine levels (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-10) in supernatants of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -stimulated whole blood cultures and correlated these with disease characteristics and age- and sex-matched healthy controls. In addition, we analyzed whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of the TNF-α gene were related to TNF-α levels.

Results: We included 75 patients with CD and 24 healthy controls. Six patients were excluded because of increased inflammation markers resulting in a total of 69 patients. The mean age (SD) of patients with CD was 51.2 (12.3) years with a mean (SD) disease duration of 24.1 (11.5) years. Disease localization, peri-anal involvement and behavior were not related to LPS-stimulated TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 or IL-10 levels. In addition, combination of localization with behavior to differentiate mild from severe disease type showed no significant differences. TNF-α levels were higher in patients with CD (428 pg/ml IQR [267-468]) compared to healthy controls (459 pg/ml IQR [364-570], p=0.02). We found no associations between SNPs in the promoter region and TNF-α levels.

Conclusion: In this study, innate cytokine production of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 was not related to historical disease characteristics or disease severity in patients with quiescent CD. These findings suggest that genetically determined levels of these cytokines obtained from LPS-stimulated whole blood cultures are not linked with disease behavior or severity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus