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A Bronchogenic Cyst Presenting as Dysphagia.

Kapoor S, Abed J, Dalapathi V, Prajapati S, Bhora FY, Mankal PK, Kotler DP - ACG Case Rep J (2015)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Mumbai, India.

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A mediastinal mass was discovered on chest x-ray during routine tuberculosis screening... Bronchoscopic biopsies were inconclusive due to inadequacy of the specimen... EGD revealed normal-appearing mucosa and signs of extrinsic compression on the anterior esophagus (Figure 3)... MRI confirmed the mass effect and showed wall enhancement of a well-circumscribed mass with hyperintensity in T2 weighted images and hypointensity in T1 weighted images... The patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) excision of the cyst with a lymph node biopsy... The mediastinal location is more common, and bronchogenic cysts comprise of up to 40-50% of all congenital mediastinal cysts... Although bronchogenic cysts are usually detected incidentally, 45% of patients will develop symptoms in their lifetime... This may be related to the location of the cyst rather than cyst size; cysts located above the hilum pose a higher risk for compressive symptoms., Cough and pain are the most common symptoms of bronchogenic cysts; however, serious complications such as SVC syndrome and arrhythmias have occurred as a result of extrinsic compression., Bronchogenic cysts, even when asymptomatic, have been treated surgically to prevent the development of complications and to eliminate the potential for malignant transformation... VATS has been suggested as the first approach for bronchogenic cyst excision, since it offers postoperative benefits and shorter hospital stays compared to traditional thoracotomy... FY Bhora, PK Mankal, and DP Kotler reviewed the manuscript... Financial disclosure: None to report... Informed consent was obtained for this case report.

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Esophagram showing anterior compression of the esophagus just below the carina most consistent with impression from subcarinal bronchogenic cyst.
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Figure 1: Esophagram showing anterior compression of the esophagus just below the carina most consistent with impression from subcarinal bronchogenic cyst.

Mentions: We present a 26-year-old woman from Mali who immigrated to the United States 6 months prior to admission. A mediastinal mass was discovered on chest x-ray during routine tuberculosis screening. Bronchoscopic biopsies were inconclusive due to inadequacy of the specimen. Five months later, the patient presented with dysphagia, 2.75-kg weight loss, chest pain radiating to the back, fatigue, shortness of breath, and palpitations. An esophagram showed anterior compression of the esophagus just below the carina (Figure 1). A CT scan revealed an elliptical, well-marginated mass in the middle mediastinum compressing the esophagus and left atrium (Figure 2). EGD revealed normal-appearing mucosa and signs of extrinsic compression on the anterior esophagus (Figure 3). MRI confirmed the mass effect and showed wall enhancement of a well-circumscribed mass with hyperintensity in T2 weighted images and hypointensity in T1 weighted images. The patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) excision of the cyst with a lymph node biopsy. The surgical specimen consisted of multiple tan and brown tissue fragments measuring 2.5 x 2 x 5 cm in aggregate. Microscopically, the cyst was lined with respiratory-type epithelium (pseudostratified columnar) with prominent cilia consistent with a bronchogenic cyst. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course with complete symptom resolution.


A Bronchogenic Cyst Presenting as Dysphagia.

Kapoor S, Abed J, Dalapathi V, Prajapati S, Bhora FY, Mankal PK, Kotler DP - ACG Case Rep J (2015)

Esophagram showing anterior compression of the esophagus just below the carina most consistent with impression from subcarinal bronchogenic cyst.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4508935&req=5

Figure 1: Esophagram showing anterior compression of the esophagus just below the carina most consistent with impression from subcarinal bronchogenic cyst.
Mentions: We present a 26-year-old woman from Mali who immigrated to the United States 6 months prior to admission. A mediastinal mass was discovered on chest x-ray during routine tuberculosis screening. Bronchoscopic biopsies were inconclusive due to inadequacy of the specimen. Five months later, the patient presented with dysphagia, 2.75-kg weight loss, chest pain radiating to the back, fatigue, shortness of breath, and palpitations. An esophagram showed anterior compression of the esophagus just below the carina (Figure 1). A CT scan revealed an elliptical, well-marginated mass in the middle mediastinum compressing the esophagus and left atrium (Figure 2). EGD revealed normal-appearing mucosa and signs of extrinsic compression on the anterior esophagus (Figure 3). MRI confirmed the mass effect and showed wall enhancement of a well-circumscribed mass with hyperintensity in T2 weighted images and hypointensity in T1 weighted images. The patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) excision of the cyst with a lymph node biopsy. The surgical specimen consisted of multiple tan and brown tissue fragments measuring 2.5 x 2 x 5 cm in aggregate. Microscopically, the cyst was lined with respiratory-type epithelium (pseudostratified columnar) with prominent cilia consistent with a bronchogenic cyst. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course with complete symptom resolution.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Mumbai, India.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

A mediastinal mass was discovered on chest x-ray during routine tuberculosis screening... Bronchoscopic biopsies were inconclusive due to inadequacy of the specimen... EGD revealed normal-appearing mucosa and signs of extrinsic compression on the anterior esophagus (Figure 3)... MRI confirmed the mass effect and showed wall enhancement of a well-circumscribed mass with hyperintensity in T2 weighted images and hypointensity in T1 weighted images... The patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) excision of the cyst with a lymph node biopsy... The mediastinal location is more common, and bronchogenic cysts comprise of up to 40-50% of all congenital mediastinal cysts... Although bronchogenic cysts are usually detected incidentally, 45% of patients will develop symptoms in their lifetime... This may be related to the location of the cyst rather than cyst size; cysts located above the hilum pose a higher risk for compressive symptoms., Cough and pain are the most common symptoms of bronchogenic cysts; however, serious complications such as SVC syndrome and arrhythmias have occurred as a result of extrinsic compression., Bronchogenic cysts, even when asymptomatic, have been treated surgically to prevent the development of complications and to eliminate the potential for malignant transformation... VATS has been suggested as the first approach for bronchogenic cyst excision, since it offers postoperative benefits and shorter hospital stays compared to traditional thoracotomy... FY Bhora, PK Mankal, and DP Kotler reviewed the manuscript... Financial disclosure: None to report... Informed consent was obtained for this case report.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus