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Correlations Among Parental and Neonatal Anthropometric Parameters, Feeding Practices and Infant Obesity.

Sabau D, Stamatin M, Stoicescu S, Filip V, Cucerea M, Ognean L, Blaga L, Avasiloaiei A, Simionescu B, Miu N - Clujul Med (2014)

Bottom Line: Macrosomes are prone to complications at birth and in our study those were mainly hypoglycemia and birth trauma.Time at first feeding was 95 minutes (mean), with a high percentage of formula/mixed feeding (68%).Macrosomia itself attracts the risk of birth by cesarean section (54% of study group), birth trauma and a low rate of exclusive breast milk feeding (32% of study group) at discharge.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Infant and adult obesity is becoming a real public health concern in Romania, similar to other countries of the European Union. Maternal obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy are proven risk factors for the obesity of the child. The protective role of the breastfeeding against obesity has also been demonstrated. The most important issue is whether the choice of a milk formula with the right protein composition could or not protect the newborn from becoming a future obese infant and child. Our study aims to describe the characteristics of a group of macrosomic newborns, in relation to the mothers' weight gain during pregnancy, mode of delivery, birth weight, complications at birth, time of first feeding and type of feeding during maternity stay.

Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 179 newborns with birth weights >4000 grams, born over a period of three months (March-May) in 6 large maternity hospitals in Romania.

Results: the newborns had a mean gestational age of 39.5 weeks and a mean birth weight of 4195 grams. Male newborns were prevalent (74%). More than half were born by Cesarian section and had Apgar scores with a median of 9. Macrosomes are prone to complications at birth and in our study those were mainly hypoglycemia and birth trauma. Time at first feeding was 95 minutes (mean), with a high percentage of formula/mixed feeding (68%).

Conclusion: Macrosomia itself attracts the risk of birth by cesarean section (54% of study group), birth trauma and a low rate of exclusive breast milk feeding (32% of study group) at discharge.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Neonatal conditions at birth
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f6-cm8703p166: Neonatal conditions at birth

Mentions: Apgar scores of macrosomic infants were above 8 in 91.2% of cases (Figure 5), with a median value of 9. Complications at birth included difficult adaptation to the extrauterine environment in 10 cases, neonatal hypoglicemia (n=21) and birth trauma, such as clavicle fractures, swelling of the scalp or face bruising in 45 cases (Figure 6).


Correlations Among Parental and Neonatal Anthropometric Parameters, Feeding Practices and Infant Obesity.

Sabau D, Stamatin M, Stoicescu S, Filip V, Cucerea M, Ognean L, Blaga L, Avasiloaiei A, Simionescu B, Miu N - Clujul Med (2014)

Neonatal conditions at birth
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4508598&req=5

f6-cm8703p166: Neonatal conditions at birth
Mentions: Apgar scores of macrosomic infants were above 8 in 91.2% of cases (Figure 5), with a median value of 9. Complications at birth included difficult adaptation to the extrauterine environment in 10 cases, neonatal hypoglicemia (n=21) and birth trauma, such as clavicle fractures, swelling of the scalp or face bruising in 45 cases (Figure 6).

Bottom Line: Macrosomes are prone to complications at birth and in our study those were mainly hypoglycemia and birth trauma.Time at first feeding was 95 minutes (mean), with a high percentage of formula/mixed feeding (68%).Macrosomia itself attracts the risk of birth by cesarean section (54% of study group), birth trauma and a low rate of exclusive breast milk feeding (32% of study group) at discharge.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Infant and adult obesity is becoming a real public health concern in Romania, similar to other countries of the European Union. Maternal obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy are proven risk factors for the obesity of the child. The protective role of the breastfeeding against obesity has also been demonstrated. The most important issue is whether the choice of a milk formula with the right protein composition could or not protect the newborn from becoming a future obese infant and child. Our study aims to describe the characteristics of a group of macrosomic newborns, in relation to the mothers' weight gain during pregnancy, mode of delivery, birth weight, complications at birth, time of first feeding and type of feeding during maternity stay.

Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 179 newborns with birth weights >4000 grams, born over a period of three months (March-May) in 6 large maternity hospitals in Romania.

Results: the newborns had a mean gestational age of 39.5 weeks and a mean birth weight of 4195 grams. Male newborns were prevalent (74%). More than half were born by Cesarian section and had Apgar scores with a median of 9. Macrosomes are prone to complications at birth and in our study those were mainly hypoglycemia and birth trauma. Time at first feeding was 95 minutes (mean), with a high percentage of formula/mixed feeding (68%).

Conclusion: Macrosomia itself attracts the risk of birth by cesarean section (54% of study group), birth trauma and a low rate of exclusive breast milk feeding (32% of study group) at discharge.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus