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Individual differences in response to uncertainty and decision making: The role of behavioral inhibition system and need for closure.

Jaśko K, Czernatowicz-Kukuczka A, Kossowska M, Czarna AZ - Motiv Emot (2015)

Bottom Line: The results supported our predictions.When a task did not offer a confident decision rule, high NFC participants prolonged the information search more than low NFC individuals.These results are discussed within an uncertainty management framework.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, al. Mickiewicza 3, 31-120 Kraków, Poland.

ABSTRACT

In two studies, we examined the influence of behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and need for closure (NFC) on information processing in decision making. We expected that BIS would regulate behavior in a decisional context and that this relationship would be mediated by epistemic motivation expressed by NFC. In addition, drawing on contradictory findings in the literature on anxiety, NFC, and information processing, we investigated the moderating role of decision rules. The results supported our predictions. BIS was strongly and positively related to NFC, and through NFC it was related to decision-making style. Moreover, decision task characteristics moderated the relationship between NFC and decision making. When a task did not offer a confident decision rule, high NFC participants prolonged the information search more than low NFC individuals. However, when a reliable strategy was suggested, high NFC participants behaved in line with it. These results are discussed within an uncertainty management framework.

No MeSH data available.


Number of opened boxes (Fixed Wins condition) as a function of NFC and rule manipulation (Study 2)
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Fig2: Number of opened boxes (Fixed Wins condition) as a function of NFC and rule manipulation (Study 2)

Mentions: We used the PROCESS program to test the interactional effect of NFC and the manipulation, and the indirect effect of BIS on the information search through NFC (Model 16; Hayes 2013). In the FW round the model was significant [F(7, 215) = 6.96, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.18]. In line with our expectations, we found that BIS had a positive effect on NFC (b = 0.58, SE = 0.08, β = 0.43, p < 0.001). We also found a significant interaction between NFC and the experimental manipulation (NFC × Low Anchor Condition: b = −4.16, SE = 1.48, β = −0.42, p = 0.005; NFC × High Anchor Condition: b = −0.38, SE = 1.55, β = −0.04, p = 0.80; for both interactions, R2-change = 0.035, F(2, 215) = 4.60, p = 0.011). The effect of NFC on the number of opened boxes was positive and significant in the control condition (b = 2.30, SE = 1.06, β = 0.23, p = 0.031). The effect was positive but not significant in the high anchor condition (b = 1.91, SE = 1.22, β = 0.19, p = 0.119) and was negative but not significant in the low anchor condition (b = −1.86, SE = 1.10, β = −0.19, p = 0.094). These results are presented in Fig. 2.Fig. 2


Individual differences in response to uncertainty and decision making: The role of behavioral inhibition system and need for closure.

Jaśko K, Czernatowicz-Kukuczka A, Kossowska M, Czarna AZ - Motiv Emot (2015)

Number of opened boxes (Fixed Wins condition) as a function of NFC and rule manipulation (Study 2)
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4508368&req=5

Fig2: Number of opened boxes (Fixed Wins condition) as a function of NFC and rule manipulation (Study 2)
Mentions: We used the PROCESS program to test the interactional effect of NFC and the manipulation, and the indirect effect of BIS on the information search through NFC (Model 16; Hayes 2013). In the FW round the model was significant [F(7, 215) = 6.96, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.18]. In line with our expectations, we found that BIS had a positive effect on NFC (b = 0.58, SE = 0.08, β = 0.43, p < 0.001). We also found a significant interaction between NFC and the experimental manipulation (NFC × Low Anchor Condition: b = −4.16, SE = 1.48, β = −0.42, p = 0.005; NFC × High Anchor Condition: b = −0.38, SE = 1.55, β = −0.04, p = 0.80; for both interactions, R2-change = 0.035, F(2, 215) = 4.60, p = 0.011). The effect of NFC on the number of opened boxes was positive and significant in the control condition (b = 2.30, SE = 1.06, β = 0.23, p = 0.031). The effect was positive but not significant in the high anchor condition (b = 1.91, SE = 1.22, β = 0.19, p = 0.119) and was negative but not significant in the low anchor condition (b = −1.86, SE = 1.10, β = −0.19, p = 0.094). These results are presented in Fig. 2.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: The results supported our predictions.When a task did not offer a confident decision rule, high NFC participants prolonged the information search more than low NFC individuals.These results are discussed within an uncertainty management framework.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, al. Mickiewicza 3, 31-120 Kraków, Poland.

ABSTRACT

In two studies, we examined the influence of behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and need for closure (NFC) on information processing in decision making. We expected that BIS would regulate behavior in a decisional context and that this relationship would be mediated by epistemic motivation expressed by NFC. In addition, drawing on contradictory findings in the literature on anxiety, NFC, and information processing, we investigated the moderating role of decision rules. The results supported our predictions. BIS was strongly and positively related to NFC, and through NFC it was related to decision-making style. Moreover, decision task characteristics moderated the relationship between NFC and decision making. When a task did not offer a confident decision rule, high NFC participants prolonged the information search more than low NFC individuals. However, when a reliable strategy was suggested, high NFC participants behaved in line with it. These results are discussed within an uncertainty management framework.

No MeSH data available.