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Analysis of the influence of parenteral cancer chemotherapy on the health condition of oral mucosa.

Rahnama M, Madej-Czerwonka B, Jastrzębska-Jamrogiewicz I, Jamrogiewicz R - Contemp Oncol (Pozn) (2015)

Bottom Line: Patients in the study group frequently complained about the presence of dry mouth, taste disturbances, nausea, and vomiting.These symptoms occurred in 70% of patients undergoing oncological treatment.In both stimulated and unstimulated saliva secretion, the rates were significantly lower in patients from the research group, when compared to the control group.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Chair and Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: The present study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of oral complications in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.

Material and methods: The study was conducted on a group of 58 patients treated with chemotherapy (study group). The control group consisted of 30 healthy patients. Dental status and oral mucosa were examined using the criteria of the National Cancer Institute Toxicity Criteria Scale. The levels of stimulated and unstimulated saliva flow were analysed.

Results: In the group of patients treated with chemotherapy, 59% of patients had inflammatory changes of the soft tissues of the mouth, such as erythema, erosions, or ulcers, which were discovered during dental examination. Such changes occurred in only 10% of patients in the control group. Six of the patients treated with chemotherapy reported pain with intensity was so severe that it caused swallowing difficulties. Patients in the study group frequently complained about the presence of dry mouth, taste disturbances, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms occurred in 70% of patients undergoing oncological treatment. In both stimulated and unstimulated saliva secretion, the rates were significantly lower in patients from the research group, when compared to the control group.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The prevalence of subjective symptoms among patients treated with chemotherapy
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Figure 0002: The prevalence of subjective symptoms among patients treated with chemotherapy

Mentions: Table 3 presents the most frequently reported subjective symptoms from the stomatognathic system. Analysis of the results shows that the symptoms were reported more frequently by the patients in the study group. Only in the case of gingival bleeding was the situation was opposite – this symptom was reported by 23.33% of the patients in the control group, and 18.966% of the patients treated with chemotherapy. Patients in the study group frequently complained about the presence of dryness of mouth, taste disturbances, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms occurred in more than 70% of patients (Fig. 2).


Analysis of the influence of parenteral cancer chemotherapy on the health condition of oral mucosa.

Rahnama M, Madej-Czerwonka B, Jastrzębska-Jamrogiewicz I, Jamrogiewicz R - Contemp Oncol (Pozn) (2015)

The prevalence of subjective symptoms among patients treated with chemotherapy
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4507886&req=5

Figure 0002: The prevalence of subjective symptoms among patients treated with chemotherapy
Mentions: Table 3 presents the most frequently reported subjective symptoms from the stomatognathic system. Analysis of the results shows that the symptoms were reported more frequently by the patients in the study group. Only in the case of gingival bleeding was the situation was opposite – this symptom was reported by 23.33% of the patients in the control group, and 18.966% of the patients treated with chemotherapy. Patients in the study group frequently complained about the presence of dryness of mouth, taste disturbances, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms occurred in more than 70% of patients (Fig. 2).

Bottom Line: Patients in the study group frequently complained about the presence of dry mouth, taste disturbances, nausea, and vomiting.These symptoms occurred in 70% of patients undergoing oncological treatment.In both stimulated and unstimulated saliva secretion, the rates were significantly lower in patients from the research group, when compared to the control group.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Chair and Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: The present study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of oral complications in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.

Material and methods: The study was conducted on a group of 58 patients treated with chemotherapy (study group). The control group consisted of 30 healthy patients. Dental status and oral mucosa were examined using the criteria of the National Cancer Institute Toxicity Criteria Scale. The levels of stimulated and unstimulated saliva flow were analysed.

Results: In the group of patients treated with chemotherapy, 59% of patients had inflammatory changes of the soft tissues of the mouth, such as erythema, erosions, or ulcers, which were discovered during dental examination. Such changes occurred in only 10% of patients in the control group. Six of the patients treated with chemotherapy reported pain with intensity was so severe that it caused swallowing difficulties. Patients in the study group frequently complained about the presence of dry mouth, taste disturbances, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms occurred in 70% of patients undergoing oncological treatment. In both stimulated and unstimulated saliva secretion, the rates were significantly lower in patients from the research group, when compared to the control group.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus