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The highs and lows of a cultural transition: a longitudinal analysis of sojourner stress and adaptation across 50 countries.

Demes KA, Geeraert N - J Pers Soc Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Advanced statistical analyses were employed to examine the course of sojourners stress and adjustment over time, its antecedents and consequences.Antecedent explanatory variables for stress variability were examined using both variable-centered and person-centered analyses and evidence for the role of personality, empathy, cultural adaptation, and coping strategies was found in each case.Lastly, we examined the relationship between stress abroad with behavioral indicators of (mal)adjustment: number of family changes and early termination of the exchange program.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Essex.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Three class representation of change in perceived stress over time for controls. Change in stress is relative to pretravel baseline.
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fig3: Three class representation of change in perceived stress over time for controls. Change in stress is relative to pretravel baseline.

Mentions: In order to assess whether the sojourner group experienced greater interindividual variation in stress trajectories over time than the nonsojourning control group we replicated the LCGA analysis described above on the control group data. As anticipated, fewer meaningful stress trajectory classes were identified in the control group than in the sojourner group. Specifically, the statistical output of the LCGA analysis suggests that a linear three-class solution is most appropriate (see Table 3). The three-class solution was preferred as the final model given its smaller BIC and aBIC indices and greater entropy value when compared with the equivalent two-class solution. Further, the LMR-LRT and BLRT both indicate a significant improvement in the three-class model from the two-class. While the fit statistics suggest a very minor improvement for the four-class solution over the three, this is rejected due to the very small sample size of the fourth class (n = 7). Finally, the linear solution is selected over the quadratic as there is very little change or improvement in the fit statistics in the latter. Examining the growth plots for the three-class linear solution (see Figure 3) highlights that the majority of control participants (n = 312) did not demonstrate any shift in stress from baseline levels over the subsequent measurement waves. The two remaining classes represent smaller samples of individuals who reported a slight linear increase (n = 88) or decrease (n = 47) in stress over time relative to baseline levels. Importantly, these changes in stress had a smaller range than for the sojourners.


The highs and lows of a cultural transition: a longitudinal analysis of sojourner stress and adaptation across 50 countries.

Demes KA, Geeraert N - J Pers Soc Psychol (2015)

Three class representation of change in perceived stress over time for controls. Change in stress is relative to pretravel baseline.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4507515&req=5

fig3: Three class representation of change in perceived stress over time for controls. Change in stress is relative to pretravel baseline.
Mentions: In order to assess whether the sojourner group experienced greater interindividual variation in stress trajectories over time than the nonsojourning control group we replicated the LCGA analysis described above on the control group data. As anticipated, fewer meaningful stress trajectory classes were identified in the control group than in the sojourner group. Specifically, the statistical output of the LCGA analysis suggests that a linear three-class solution is most appropriate (see Table 3). The three-class solution was preferred as the final model given its smaller BIC and aBIC indices and greater entropy value when compared with the equivalent two-class solution. Further, the LMR-LRT and BLRT both indicate a significant improvement in the three-class model from the two-class. While the fit statistics suggest a very minor improvement for the four-class solution over the three, this is rejected due to the very small sample size of the fourth class (n = 7). Finally, the linear solution is selected over the quadratic as there is very little change or improvement in the fit statistics in the latter. Examining the growth plots for the three-class linear solution (see Figure 3) highlights that the majority of control participants (n = 312) did not demonstrate any shift in stress from baseline levels over the subsequent measurement waves. The two remaining classes represent smaller samples of individuals who reported a slight linear increase (n = 88) or decrease (n = 47) in stress over time relative to baseline levels. Importantly, these changes in stress had a smaller range than for the sojourners.

Bottom Line: Advanced statistical analyses were employed to examine the course of sojourners stress and adjustment over time, its antecedents and consequences.Antecedent explanatory variables for stress variability were examined using both variable-centered and person-centered analyses and evidence for the role of personality, empathy, cultural adaptation, and coping strategies was found in each case.Lastly, we examined the relationship between stress abroad with behavioral indicators of (mal)adjustment: number of family changes and early termination of the exchange program.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Essex.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus