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The highs and lows of a cultural transition: a longitudinal analysis of sojourner stress and adaptation across 50 countries.

Demes KA, Geeraert N - J Pers Soc Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Advanced statistical analyses were employed to examine the course of sojourners stress and adjustment over time, its antecedents and consequences.Antecedent explanatory variables for stress variability were examined using both variable-centered and person-centered analyses and evidence for the role of personality, empathy, cultural adaptation, and coping strategies was found in each case.Lastly, we examined the relationship between stress abroad with behavioral indicators of (mal)adjustment: number of family changes and early termination of the exchange program.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Essex.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Hypothesized stress trajectories showing five different predicted patterns of change in stress over the exchange relative to baseline stress (anchored at 0 on the y-axis). Note: Above 0 on the y-axis indicates an increase in stress relative to baseline and below 0 on the y-axis indicates a decrease in stress relative to baseline.
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fig1: Hypothesized stress trajectories showing five different predicted patterns of change in stress over the exchange relative to baseline stress (anchored at 0 on the y-axis). Note: Above 0 on the y-axis indicates an increase in stress relative to baseline and below 0 on the y-axis indicates a decrease in stress relative to baseline.

Mentions: The particular pattern or nature of this variation in stress and adjustment over time has also been a central theme in acculturation research. However, past attempts to identify a single temporal pattern of sojourner stress and adjustment have proved inconsistent across studies (Geeraert & Demoulin, 2013; Hechanova-Alampay et al., 2002; Ward et al., 1998). Rather than seeking a “one size fits all” solution to this question, we employ a person-centered approach to examine interindividual differences within our sojourner sample in relation to change in stress over time. Using this approach we anticipate finding up to five distinct temporal stress patterns as based on research and findings from earlier studies (see Figure 1).


The highs and lows of a cultural transition: a longitudinal analysis of sojourner stress and adaptation across 50 countries.

Demes KA, Geeraert N - J Pers Soc Psychol (2015)

Hypothesized stress trajectories showing five different predicted patterns of change in stress over the exchange relative to baseline stress (anchored at 0 on the y-axis). Note: Above 0 on the y-axis indicates an increase in stress relative to baseline and below 0 on the y-axis indicates a decrease in stress relative to baseline.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4507515&req=5

fig1: Hypothesized stress trajectories showing five different predicted patterns of change in stress over the exchange relative to baseline stress (anchored at 0 on the y-axis). Note: Above 0 on the y-axis indicates an increase in stress relative to baseline and below 0 on the y-axis indicates a decrease in stress relative to baseline.
Mentions: The particular pattern or nature of this variation in stress and adjustment over time has also been a central theme in acculturation research. However, past attempts to identify a single temporal pattern of sojourner stress and adjustment have proved inconsistent across studies (Geeraert & Demoulin, 2013; Hechanova-Alampay et al., 2002; Ward et al., 1998). Rather than seeking a “one size fits all” solution to this question, we employ a person-centered approach to examine interindividual differences within our sojourner sample in relation to change in stress over time. Using this approach we anticipate finding up to five distinct temporal stress patterns as based on research and findings from earlier studies (see Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Advanced statistical analyses were employed to examine the course of sojourners stress and adjustment over time, its antecedents and consequences.Antecedent explanatory variables for stress variability were examined using both variable-centered and person-centered analyses and evidence for the role of personality, empathy, cultural adaptation, and coping strategies was found in each case.Lastly, we examined the relationship between stress abroad with behavioral indicators of (mal)adjustment: number of family changes and early termination of the exchange program.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Essex.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus