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The effects of dynamic exercise utilizing PNF patterns on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults.

Gong W - J Phys Ther Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: [Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF (proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation) patterns accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults. [Subjects] The total number of subjects was 30;15 were randomly placed in the training group (TG), and the remaining 15 made up the control group (CG). [Methods] The subjects in the TG conducted 3-5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the PNF patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks.The thickness of the abdominal muscles was measured by ultrasonography. [Results] When the TG's abdominal muscle thickness pre-test and post-test were compared in this study, there was a statistical significance in all of the external obliquus abdominis (Eo), the internal obliquus abdominis (Io), and the transversus abdominis (Tra). [Conclusion] Dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF patterns increased the thickness of the abdominal muscles that are the basis of trunk stabilization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene University, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF (proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation) patterns accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults. [Subjects] The total number of subjects was 30;15 were randomly placed in the training group (TG), and the remaining 15 made up the control group (CG). [Methods] The subjects in the TG conducted 3-5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the PNF patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks. The thickness of the abdominal muscles was measured by ultrasonography. [Results] When the TG's abdominal muscle thickness pre-test and post-test were compared in this study, there was a statistical significance in all of the external obliquus abdominis (Eo), the internal obliquus abdominis (Io), and the transversus abdominis (Tra). [Conclusion] Dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF patterns increased the thickness of the abdominal muscles that are the basis of trunk stabilization.

No MeSH data available.


Abdominal muscle thickness
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fig_002: Abdominal muscle thickness

Mentions: Ultrasonography (MysonoU5, Samsung Medison, Korea) was used to examine changes in thethickness of the abdominal muscles both before and after the dynamic exercises utilizing PNFpatterns. To attain the measurements, one measurer assessed abdominal muscle thickness usingultrasonography with 12-MHz linear probes. The measurer was blinded to which patients werein which groups. First, the subject was instructed to lie comfortably in a supine position.A triangle pillow was placed below the knees of the subject so that the subject could relaxhis or her lower extremities. The probe was placed transversely on the top of the iliaccrest and moved toward the center of the abdomen. The screen was stopped when the Eo, Io,and Tra were all visible, and the muscle thicknesses of the Eo, Io, and Tra were measured ata point 25 mm away outward from the point where the muscle fascia of the Io and that of theTra meet (Fig. 2Fig. 2.


The effects of dynamic exercise utilizing PNF patterns on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults.

Gong W - J Phys Ther Sci (2015)

Abdominal muscle thickness
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4500014&req=5

fig_002: Abdominal muscle thickness
Mentions: Ultrasonography (MysonoU5, Samsung Medison, Korea) was used to examine changes in thethickness of the abdominal muscles both before and after the dynamic exercises utilizing PNFpatterns. To attain the measurements, one measurer assessed abdominal muscle thickness usingultrasonography with 12-MHz linear probes. The measurer was blinded to which patients werein which groups. First, the subject was instructed to lie comfortably in a supine position.A triangle pillow was placed below the knees of the subject so that the subject could relaxhis or her lower extremities. The probe was placed transversely on the top of the iliaccrest and moved toward the center of the abdomen. The screen was stopped when the Eo, Io,and Tra were all visible, and the muscle thicknesses of the Eo, Io, and Tra were measured ata point 25 mm away outward from the point where the muscle fascia of the Io and that of theTra meet (Fig. 2Fig. 2.

Bottom Line: [Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF (proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation) patterns accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults. [Subjects] The total number of subjects was 30;15 were randomly placed in the training group (TG), and the remaining 15 made up the control group (CG). [Methods] The subjects in the TG conducted 3-5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the PNF patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks.The thickness of the abdominal muscles was measured by ultrasonography. [Results] When the TG's abdominal muscle thickness pre-test and post-test were compared in this study, there was a statistical significance in all of the external obliquus abdominis (Eo), the internal obliquus abdominis (Io), and the transversus abdominis (Tra). [Conclusion] Dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF patterns increased the thickness of the abdominal muscles that are the basis of trunk stabilization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene University, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF (proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation) patterns accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults. [Subjects] The total number of subjects was 30;15 were randomly placed in the training group (TG), and the remaining 15 made up the control group (CG). [Methods] The subjects in the TG conducted 3-5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the PNF patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks. The thickness of the abdominal muscles was measured by ultrasonography. [Results] When the TG's abdominal muscle thickness pre-test and post-test were compared in this study, there was a statistical significance in all of the external obliquus abdominis (Eo), the internal obliquus abdominis (Io), and the transversus abdominis (Tra). [Conclusion] Dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF patterns increased the thickness of the abdominal muscles that are the basis of trunk stabilization.

No MeSH data available.