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Reliability and validity of the sideways step test and its correlation with motor function after stroke.

Pang EY, Fong SS, Tse MM, Tam EW, Ng SS, So BC - J Phys Ther Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: The SST was administered along with the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the five-times sit to stand (5TSTS) test, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the movement velocity (MVL) by the limits of stability (LOS) test, the ten-metre walk (10mW) test, the timed "Up and Go" (TUG) test and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale. [Results] The SST showed good to excellent intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability.The SST counts correlated with 5TSTS times, 10mW times, TUG times, and the FMA-LE and BBS scores.SST counts of 11 for the paretic leg and 14 for the non-paretic leg were found to distinguish the healthy adults from subjects with stroke. [Conclusion] The sideways step test is a reliable clinical test, which correlates with the functional strength, gait speed, and functional balance of people with chronic stroke.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

ABSTRACT
[Purpose] This study investigated the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the sideways step test (SST), its correlation with other indicators of stroke-specific impairment, and the cut-off count best discriminating subjects with stroke from their healthy counterparts. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three subjects with chronic stroke and 41 healthy subjects older than 50 years participated in this study. The SST was administered along with the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the five-times sit to stand (5TSTS) test, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the movement velocity (MVL) by the limits of stability (LOS) test, the ten-metre walk (10mW) test, the timed "Up and Go" (TUG) test and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale. [Results] The SST showed good to excellent intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability. The SST counts correlated with 5TSTS times, 10mW times, TUG times, and the FMA-LE and BBS scores. SST counts of 11 for the paretic leg and 14 for the non-paretic leg were found to distinguish the healthy adults from subjects with stroke. [Conclusion] The sideways step test is a reliable clinical test, which correlates with the functional strength, gait speed, and functional balance of people with chronic stroke.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Schematic diagram of the data collection and reliability estimation procedures of thesideways step test
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fig_001: Schematic diagram of the data collection and reliability estimation procedures of thesideways step test

Mentions: The subjects with stroke were assessed in 2 separate sessions (session 1 and session 2) 3to 10 days apart. The SST was conducted in both sessions and each time was assessedsimultaneously by the same 2 independent raters (rater A and B) who were trained in strokerehabilitation. The procedures are illustrated in Fig.1Fig. 1.


Reliability and validity of the sideways step test and its correlation with motor function after stroke.

Pang EY, Fong SS, Tse MM, Tam EW, Ng SS, So BC - J Phys Ther Sci (2015)

Schematic diagram of the data collection and reliability estimation procedures of thesideways step test
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4499995&req=5

fig_001: Schematic diagram of the data collection and reliability estimation procedures of thesideways step test
Mentions: The subjects with stroke were assessed in 2 separate sessions (session 1 and session 2) 3to 10 days apart. The SST was conducted in both sessions and each time was assessedsimultaneously by the same 2 independent raters (rater A and B) who were trained in strokerehabilitation. The procedures are illustrated in Fig.1Fig. 1.

Bottom Line: The SST was administered along with the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the five-times sit to stand (5TSTS) test, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the movement velocity (MVL) by the limits of stability (LOS) test, the ten-metre walk (10mW) test, the timed "Up and Go" (TUG) test and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale. [Results] The SST showed good to excellent intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability.The SST counts correlated with 5TSTS times, 10mW times, TUG times, and the FMA-LE and BBS scores.SST counts of 11 for the paretic leg and 14 for the non-paretic leg were found to distinguish the healthy adults from subjects with stroke. [Conclusion] The sideways step test is a reliable clinical test, which correlates with the functional strength, gait speed, and functional balance of people with chronic stroke.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

ABSTRACT
[Purpose] This study investigated the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the sideways step test (SST), its correlation with other indicators of stroke-specific impairment, and the cut-off count best discriminating subjects with stroke from their healthy counterparts. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three subjects with chronic stroke and 41 healthy subjects older than 50 years participated in this study. The SST was administered along with the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the five-times sit to stand (5TSTS) test, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the movement velocity (MVL) by the limits of stability (LOS) test, the ten-metre walk (10mW) test, the timed "Up and Go" (TUG) test and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale. [Results] The SST showed good to excellent intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability. The SST counts correlated with 5TSTS times, 10mW times, TUG times, and the FMA-LE and BBS scores. SST counts of 11 for the paretic leg and 14 for the non-paretic leg were found to distinguish the healthy adults from subjects with stroke. [Conclusion] The sideways step test is a reliable clinical test, which correlates with the functional strength, gait speed, and functional balance of people with chronic stroke.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus