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Age and gender differences in the control of vertical ground reaction force by the hip, knee and ankle joints.

Toda H, Nagano A, Luo Z - J Phys Ther Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: Joint moment and vertical ground reaction force during walking were obtained using a 3D motion analysis system and force plates.On the other hand, in the elderly females, hip, ankle, and knee joint moments were related to the first peak and second peak forces, and the minimum value of vertical ground reaction force, respectively. [Conclusion] Our results suggest that the young males and females make use of the knee joint moment to control of the vertical ground reaction force.There were differences between the elderly and the young females with regard to the joints used for the control of the vertical ground reaction force.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rehabilitation, Kurashiki Heisei Hospital, Japan ; Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, Japan.

ABSTRACT
[Purpose] This study examined the relationships between joint moment and the control of the vertical ground reaction force during walking in the elderly and young male and female individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Forty elderly people, 65 years old or older (20 males and 20 females), and 40 young people, 20 to 29 years old (20 males and 20 females), participated in this study. Joint moment and vertical ground reaction force during walking were obtained using a 3D motion analysis system and force plates. Stepwise linear regression analysis determined the joint moments that predict the amplitude of the vertical ground reaction force. [Results] Knee extension moment was related to the vertical ground reaction force in the young males and females. On the other hand, in the elderly females, hip, ankle, and knee joint moments were related to the first peak and second peak forces, and the minimum value of vertical ground reaction force, respectively. [Conclusion] Our results suggest that the young males and females make use of the knee joint moment to control of the vertical ground reaction force. There were differences between the elderly and the young females with regard to the joints used for the control of the vertical ground reaction force.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The joint moments that can predict the amplitude of the vertical ground reactionforce in each group
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fig_002: The joint moments that can predict the amplitude of the vertical ground reactionforce in each group

Mentions: *: p < 0.05. †: Vertical ground reaction force


Age and gender differences in the control of vertical ground reaction force by the hip, knee and ankle joints.

Toda H, Nagano A, Luo Z - J Phys Ther Sci (2015)

The joint moments that can predict the amplitude of the vertical ground reactionforce in each group
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4499994&req=5

fig_002: The joint moments that can predict the amplitude of the vertical ground reactionforce in each group
Mentions: *: p < 0.05. †: Vertical ground reaction force

Bottom Line: Joint moment and vertical ground reaction force during walking were obtained using a 3D motion analysis system and force plates.On the other hand, in the elderly females, hip, ankle, and knee joint moments were related to the first peak and second peak forces, and the minimum value of vertical ground reaction force, respectively. [Conclusion] Our results suggest that the young males and females make use of the knee joint moment to control of the vertical ground reaction force.There were differences between the elderly and the young females with regard to the joints used for the control of the vertical ground reaction force.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rehabilitation, Kurashiki Heisei Hospital, Japan ; Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, Japan.

ABSTRACT
[Purpose] This study examined the relationships between joint moment and the control of the vertical ground reaction force during walking in the elderly and young male and female individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Forty elderly people, 65 years old or older (20 males and 20 females), and 40 young people, 20 to 29 years old (20 males and 20 females), participated in this study. Joint moment and vertical ground reaction force during walking were obtained using a 3D motion analysis system and force plates. Stepwise linear regression analysis determined the joint moments that predict the amplitude of the vertical ground reaction force. [Results] Knee extension moment was related to the vertical ground reaction force in the young males and females. On the other hand, in the elderly females, hip, ankle, and knee joint moments were related to the first peak and second peak forces, and the minimum value of vertical ground reaction force, respectively. [Conclusion] Our results suggest that the young males and females make use of the knee joint moment to control of the vertical ground reaction force. There were differences between the elderly and the young females with regard to the joints used for the control of the vertical ground reaction force.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus