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Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium.

Bardid F, Rudd JR, Lenoir M, Polman R, Barnett LM - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: A MANCOVA for the motor scores showed a significant country effect.Moreover, a Chi squared test revealed significant differences between the Belgian and Australian score distribution with 21.3% Belgian and 39.3% Australian children scoring "below average." The very low levels reported by Australian children may be the result of cultural differences in physical activity contexts such as physical education and active transport.When compared to normed scores, both samples scored significantly worse than children 40 years ago.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University Ghent, Belgium.

ABSTRACT
Motor competence in childhood is an important determinant of physical activity and physical fitness in later life. However, childhood competence levels in many countries are lower than desired. Due to the many different motor skill instruments in use, children's motor competence across countries is rarely compared. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the motor competence of children from Australia and Belgium using the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK). The sample consisted of 244 (43.4% boys) Belgian children and 252 (50.0% boys) Australian children, aged 6-8 years. A MANCOVA for the motor scores showed a significant country effect. Belgian children scored higher on jumping sideways, moving sideways and hopping for height but not for balancing backwards. Moreover, a Chi squared test revealed significant differences between the Belgian and Australian score distribution with 21.3% Belgian and 39.3% Australian children scoring "below average." The very low levels reported by Australian children may be the result of cultural differences in physical activity contexts such as physical education and active transport. When compared to normed scores, both samples scored significantly worse than children 40 years ago. The decline in children's motor competence is a global issue, largely influenced by increasing sedentary behavior and a decline in physical activity.

No MeSH data available.


Proportion of children across KTK performance ratings for both countries.
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Figure 1: Proportion of children across KTK performance ratings for both countries.

Mentions: The distribution of Australian and Belgian children across the KTK performance categories are shown in Figure 1. A chi-squared analysis demonstrated a significant difference in distribution between both samples (χ2 = 23.06; p < 0.001; ϕc = 0.216). The proportion of children scoring in the normal range of motor competence differed between Australia and Belgium (53.6 vs. 71.7%, respectively). Moreover, the percentage of Australian children performing below average was higher compared with Belgian children. The proportion of children scoring above average was similar for the Australian and Belgian sample. Additional chi squared tests also revealed that the observed percentages of both Australian and Belgian across the performance levels differed significantly from the expected percentages of KTK classification based on the German reference sample (Australia: χ2 = 90.24; p < 0.001; ϕc = 0.247; Belgium: χ2 = 15.68; p = 0.003; ϕc = 0.103). The percentages of Australian and Belgian children scoring below average are 39 and 21%, respectively as opposed to 16% in the German standardization sample. In contrast, the percentages of Australian and Belgian children performing above average are lower compared to the children of the German sample (7.1 vs. 16% and 7 vs. 16%, respectively).


Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium.

Bardid F, Rudd JR, Lenoir M, Polman R, Barnett LM - Front Psychol (2015)

Proportion of children across KTK performance ratings for both countries.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4499673&req=5

Figure 1: Proportion of children across KTK performance ratings for both countries.
Mentions: The distribution of Australian and Belgian children across the KTK performance categories are shown in Figure 1. A chi-squared analysis demonstrated a significant difference in distribution between both samples (χ2 = 23.06; p < 0.001; ϕc = 0.216). The proportion of children scoring in the normal range of motor competence differed between Australia and Belgium (53.6 vs. 71.7%, respectively). Moreover, the percentage of Australian children performing below average was higher compared with Belgian children. The proportion of children scoring above average was similar for the Australian and Belgian sample. Additional chi squared tests also revealed that the observed percentages of both Australian and Belgian across the performance levels differed significantly from the expected percentages of KTK classification based on the German reference sample (Australia: χ2 = 90.24; p < 0.001; ϕc = 0.247; Belgium: χ2 = 15.68; p = 0.003; ϕc = 0.103). The percentages of Australian and Belgian children scoring below average are 39 and 21%, respectively as opposed to 16% in the German standardization sample. In contrast, the percentages of Australian and Belgian children performing above average are lower compared to the children of the German sample (7.1 vs. 16% and 7 vs. 16%, respectively).

Bottom Line: A MANCOVA for the motor scores showed a significant country effect.Moreover, a Chi squared test revealed significant differences between the Belgian and Australian score distribution with 21.3% Belgian and 39.3% Australian children scoring "below average." The very low levels reported by Australian children may be the result of cultural differences in physical activity contexts such as physical education and active transport.When compared to normed scores, both samples scored significantly worse than children 40 years ago.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University Ghent, Belgium.

ABSTRACT
Motor competence in childhood is an important determinant of physical activity and physical fitness in later life. However, childhood competence levels in many countries are lower than desired. Due to the many different motor skill instruments in use, children's motor competence across countries is rarely compared. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the motor competence of children from Australia and Belgium using the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK). The sample consisted of 244 (43.4% boys) Belgian children and 252 (50.0% boys) Australian children, aged 6-8 years. A MANCOVA for the motor scores showed a significant country effect. Belgian children scored higher on jumping sideways, moving sideways and hopping for height but not for balancing backwards. Moreover, a Chi squared test revealed significant differences between the Belgian and Australian score distribution with 21.3% Belgian and 39.3% Australian children scoring "below average." The very low levels reported by Australian children may be the result of cultural differences in physical activity contexts such as physical education and active transport. When compared to normed scores, both samples scored significantly worse than children 40 years ago. The decline in children's motor competence is a global issue, largely influenced by increasing sedentary behavior and a decline in physical activity.

No MeSH data available.