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What Directions Do We Look at Power from? Up-Down, Left-Right, and Front-Back.

Lu A, Zhang M, Shao Y, Yu Y, Zheng S, Ye J, Yi H, Wang L - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Participants identified the letter P or Q after judging whether kinship words were elder or junior terms.The results showed that participants responded faster to letters placed at the top, right side, and front following elder terms, and faster at the bottom, left side, and back following junior terms.The results provide evidence for the multiple spatial representations in power, and can be explained by the theoretical construct of structural mapping.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Studies of Psychological Application & School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Center of Mental Assistance and Contingency Technique for Emergency, Guangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Three experiments were carried out to investigate whether the the kinship concept had spatial representations along up-down (Experiment 1), left-right (Experiment 2), and front-back (Experiment 3) orientation. Participants identified the letter P or Q after judging whether kinship words were elder or junior terms. The results showed that participants responded faster to letters placed at the top, right side, and front following elder terms, and faster at the bottom, left side, and back following junior terms. The regression results further confirmed that these shifts of attention along up-down, right-left, and front-back dimensions in external space were uniquely attributed to the power construct embedded in the kinship concept, but not number or time. The results provide evidence for the multiple spatial representations in power, and can be explained by the theoretical construct of structural mapping.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean latencies of correct responses (in ms, upper panel) and error rates (%, lower panel) for top letter and bottom letter in each priming condition (elder words and junior words).Error bars represent represent the within-subject 95% confidence intervals.
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pone.0132756.g001: Mean latencies of correct responses (in ms, upper panel) and error rates (%, lower panel) for top letter and bottom letter in each priming condition (elder words and junior words).Error bars represent represent the within-subject 95% confidence intervals.

Mentions: Prior to the data analysis, outlier data points were removed from the RT and error analysis. Trials with incorrect responses to either the kinship words or to the target letter were rejected from the analysis (3.5%). Trials with reaction times longer than 3000ms to the kinship word or longer than 2000 ms to the letter were excluded from analysis (1.6%). Of the remaining trials, those with reaction times more than two standard deviations faster or slower than the subjects’ condition mean were discarded (4.6%, the raw data of Experiment 1 in S1 File). The RT results (upper panel) and the error rate results (lower panel) are shown in Fig 1.


What Directions Do We Look at Power from? Up-Down, Left-Right, and Front-Back.

Lu A, Zhang M, Shao Y, Yu Y, Zheng S, Ye J, Yi H, Wang L - PLoS ONE (2015)

Mean latencies of correct responses (in ms, upper panel) and error rates (%, lower panel) for top letter and bottom letter in each priming condition (elder words and junior words).Error bars represent represent the within-subject 95% confidence intervals.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4498758&req=5

pone.0132756.g001: Mean latencies of correct responses (in ms, upper panel) and error rates (%, lower panel) for top letter and bottom letter in each priming condition (elder words and junior words).Error bars represent represent the within-subject 95% confidence intervals.
Mentions: Prior to the data analysis, outlier data points were removed from the RT and error analysis. Trials with incorrect responses to either the kinship words or to the target letter were rejected from the analysis (3.5%). Trials with reaction times longer than 3000ms to the kinship word or longer than 2000 ms to the letter were excluded from analysis (1.6%). Of the remaining trials, those with reaction times more than two standard deviations faster or slower than the subjects’ condition mean were discarded (4.6%, the raw data of Experiment 1 in S1 File). The RT results (upper panel) and the error rate results (lower panel) are shown in Fig 1.

Bottom Line: Participants identified the letter P or Q after judging whether kinship words were elder or junior terms.The results showed that participants responded faster to letters placed at the top, right side, and front following elder terms, and faster at the bottom, left side, and back following junior terms.The results provide evidence for the multiple spatial representations in power, and can be explained by the theoretical construct of structural mapping.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Studies of Psychological Application & School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Center of Mental Assistance and Contingency Technique for Emergency, Guangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Three experiments were carried out to investigate whether the the kinship concept had spatial representations along up-down (Experiment 1), left-right (Experiment 2), and front-back (Experiment 3) orientation. Participants identified the letter P or Q after judging whether kinship words were elder or junior terms. The results showed that participants responded faster to letters placed at the top, right side, and front following elder terms, and faster at the bottom, left side, and back following junior terms. The regression results further confirmed that these shifts of attention along up-down, right-left, and front-back dimensions in external space were uniquely attributed to the power construct embedded in the kinship concept, but not number or time. The results provide evidence for the multiple spatial representations in power, and can be explained by the theoretical construct of structural mapping.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus