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Mixed effectiveness of rTMS and retraining in the treatment of focal hand dystonia.

Kimberley TJ, Schmidt RL, Chen M, Dykstra DD, Buetefisch CM - Front Hum Neurosci (2015)

Bottom Line: Contrary to our hypothesis, group analyses revealed no additional benefit from the SMR training vs.The patient rated improvements were accompanied by a moderate effect size suggesting clinical meaningfulness.These results provide encouragement for further investigation of rTMS in FHD with a need to optimize a secondary intervention and determine likely responders vs. non-responders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Program in Physical Therapy, Brain Plasticity Laboratory, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN, USA.

ABSTRACT

Unlabelled: Though the pathophysiology of dystonia remains uncertain, two primary factors implicated in the development of dystonic symptoms are excessive cortical excitability and impaired sensorimotor processing. The aim of this study was to determine the functional efficacy of an intervention combining repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and sensorimotor retraining. A randomized, single-subject, multiple baseline design with crossover was used to examine participants with focal hand dystonia (FHD) (n = 9).

Intervention: 5 days rTMS + sensorimotor retraining (SMR) vs. Five days rTMS + control therapy (CTL) (which included stretching and massage). The rTMS was applied to the premotor cortex at 1 Hz at 80% resting motor threshold for 1200 pulses. For sensorimotor retraining, a subset of the Learning-based Sensorimotor Training program was followed. Each session in both groups consisted of rTMS followed immediately by 30 min of the therapy intervention (SMR or CTL). Contrary to our hypothesis, group analyses revealed no additional benefit from the SMR training vs. CTL. When analyzed across group however, there was significant improvement from the first baseline assessment in several measures, including tests of sensory ability and self-rated changes. The patient rated improvements were accompanied by a moderate effect size suggesting clinical meaningfulness. These results provide encouragement for further investigation of rTMS in FHD with a need to optimize a secondary intervention and determine likely responders vs. non-responders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Arm Dystonia Disability Scale (ADDS) in first phase of treatment (CTLn= 4 in dark gray, SMRn= 5 in light gray). Regardless of intervention, all subjects reported improvement in self-perceived function. Mean (±SE). ADDS was tested at one baseline, post-test and follow up for each phase. (SMR, sensorimotor retraining, rTMS, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, CTL, control).
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Figure 3: Arm Dystonia Disability Scale (ADDS) in first phase of treatment (CTLn= 4 in dark gray, SMRn= 5 in light gray). Regardless of intervention, all subjects reported improvement in self-perceived function. Mean (±SE). ADDS was tested at one baseline, post-test and follow up for each phase. (SMR, sensorimotor retraining, rTMS, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, CTL, control).

Mentions: Overall, the results of ADDS (Figure 3) suggest a perceived improvement by participants during the first treatment, regardless of group (all participants).


Mixed effectiveness of rTMS and retraining in the treatment of focal hand dystonia.

Kimberley TJ, Schmidt RL, Chen M, Dykstra DD, Buetefisch CM - Front Hum Neurosci (2015)

Arm Dystonia Disability Scale (ADDS) in first phase of treatment (CTLn= 4 in dark gray, SMRn= 5 in light gray). Regardless of intervention, all subjects reported improvement in self-perceived function. Mean (±SE). ADDS was tested at one baseline, post-test and follow up for each phase. (SMR, sensorimotor retraining, rTMS, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, CTL, control).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4496570&req=5

Figure 3: Arm Dystonia Disability Scale (ADDS) in first phase of treatment (CTLn= 4 in dark gray, SMRn= 5 in light gray). Regardless of intervention, all subjects reported improvement in self-perceived function. Mean (±SE). ADDS was tested at one baseline, post-test and follow up for each phase. (SMR, sensorimotor retraining, rTMS, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, CTL, control).
Mentions: Overall, the results of ADDS (Figure 3) suggest a perceived improvement by participants during the first treatment, regardless of group (all participants).

Bottom Line: Contrary to our hypothesis, group analyses revealed no additional benefit from the SMR training vs.The patient rated improvements were accompanied by a moderate effect size suggesting clinical meaningfulness.These results provide encouragement for further investigation of rTMS in FHD with a need to optimize a secondary intervention and determine likely responders vs. non-responders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Program in Physical Therapy, Brain Plasticity Laboratory, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN, USA.

ABSTRACT

Unlabelled: Though the pathophysiology of dystonia remains uncertain, two primary factors implicated in the development of dystonic symptoms are excessive cortical excitability and impaired sensorimotor processing. The aim of this study was to determine the functional efficacy of an intervention combining repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and sensorimotor retraining. A randomized, single-subject, multiple baseline design with crossover was used to examine participants with focal hand dystonia (FHD) (n = 9).

Intervention: 5 days rTMS + sensorimotor retraining (SMR) vs. Five days rTMS + control therapy (CTL) (which included stretching and massage). The rTMS was applied to the premotor cortex at 1 Hz at 80% resting motor threshold for 1200 pulses. For sensorimotor retraining, a subset of the Learning-based Sensorimotor Training program was followed. Each session in both groups consisted of rTMS followed immediately by 30 min of the therapy intervention (SMR or CTL). Contrary to our hypothesis, group analyses revealed no additional benefit from the SMR training vs. CTL. When analyzed across group however, there was significant improvement from the first baseline assessment in several measures, including tests of sensory ability and self-rated changes. The patient rated improvements were accompanied by a moderate effect size suggesting clinical meaningfulness. These results provide encouragement for further investigation of rTMS in FHD with a need to optimize a secondary intervention and determine likely responders vs. non-responders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus