Limits...
A New Look at Shelter 131/51 in the Natufian Site of Eynan (Ain-Mallaha), Israel.

Haklay G, Gopher A - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: A new look at the architectural remains and the stratigraphy resulted in an alternative reconstruction, essentially different than the one we have come to know.We used spatial (architectural-geometrical) analysis in order to study the relationships between the different architectural elements and to test our hypothesis that the series of postholes may have not pertained to the upper floor 131 of Layer IV as suggested by Perrot and Valla, but rather to the successive occupational and architectural episode.The association of the postholes with Wall 51 of Layer III sheds new light on the architectural remains revealing their geometric design, an important characteristic of Early Natufian Architecture, the meaning and implications of which we shortly discuss.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

ABSTRACT
In the past 25 years since the reconstruction of Shelter 131 of Eynan was suggested by Francois Valla, its image has become almost iconic--a highly cited symbol of early sedentism constituting a significant part of our knowledge on early stone constructions and the people behind them. A new look at the architectural remains and the stratigraphy resulted in an alternative reconstruction, essentially different than the one we have come to know. We used spatial (architectural-geometrical) analysis in order to study the relationships between the different architectural elements and to test our hypothesis that the series of postholes may have not pertained to the upper floor 131 of Layer IV as suggested by Perrot and Valla, but rather to the successive occupational and architectural episode. The association of the postholes with Wall 51 of Layer III sheds new light on the architectural remains revealing their geometric design, an important characteristic of Early Natufian Architecture, the meaning and implications of which we shortly discuss.

No MeSH data available.


Plan of the Early Natufian architectural remains.Modified from [3, 10, 11, 17, 18].
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pone.0130121.g001: Plan of the Early Natufian architectural remains.Modified from [3, 10, 11, 17, 18].

Mentions: A total of ca. 120 sq m were excavated down to the lower Early Natufian Layers [stratigraphic sub-divisions, Layers I-IV (after J. Perrot)] III and IV, revealing the two superimposed Shelters 131(Layer IV) and 51(Layer III), Shelter 26 (Layer III) to their west, and two burial grounds each containing10 and 12 burials within an area of approximately 5–7 sq m each. "Cemetery B" (after Perrot [10]), presumably the older one, is located in the area of Shelter 131/51, while "Cemetery A" is located in the area of Shelter 1 of Layer II that represents the last of the Early Natufian occupations (Fig 1A and 1B). Layer II also contains structures 121, 61, 44 and shelter 62—a third concentric wall in the area of Shelters 131/51. All large Shelters of the Early Natufian Layers were first interpreted as dwellings [11] even though they differ in characteristics and size. Shelter 1 has no perimeter wall but a lime plastered bench (5 m in diameter), while Shelter 131/51 is presumed to have been a semi-circular structure (8–9 m in diameter) and features a series of postholes. It has been suggested that Shelter 1 had a ritualistic shamanic purpose (e.g., [12]) or had been an actual funerary monument [13], and that the multiple hearths of Shelter 131 seem to have been used for communal activities (e.g., [13]).


A New Look at Shelter 131/51 in the Natufian Site of Eynan (Ain-Mallaha), Israel.

Haklay G, Gopher A - PLoS ONE (2015)

Plan of the Early Natufian architectural remains.Modified from [3, 10, 11, 17, 18].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4496039&req=5

pone.0130121.g001: Plan of the Early Natufian architectural remains.Modified from [3, 10, 11, 17, 18].
Mentions: A total of ca. 120 sq m were excavated down to the lower Early Natufian Layers [stratigraphic sub-divisions, Layers I-IV (after J. Perrot)] III and IV, revealing the two superimposed Shelters 131(Layer IV) and 51(Layer III), Shelter 26 (Layer III) to their west, and two burial grounds each containing10 and 12 burials within an area of approximately 5–7 sq m each. "Cemetery B" (after Perrot [10]), presumably the older one, is located in the area of Shelter 131/51, while "Cemetery A" is located in the area of Shelter 1 of Layer II that represents the last of the Early Natufian occupations (Fig 1A and 1B). Layer II also contains structures 121, 61, 44 and shelter 62—a third concentric wall in the area of Shelters 131/51. All large Shelters of the Early Natufian Layers were first interpreted as dwellings [11] even though they differ in characteristics and size. Shelter 1 has no perimeter wall but a lime plastered bench (5 m in diameter), while Shelter 131/51 is presumed to have been a semi-circular structure (8–9 m in diameter) and features a series of postholes. It has been suggested that Shelter 1 had a ritualistic shamanic purpose (e.g., [12]) or had been an actual funerary monument [13], and that the multiple hearths of Shelter 131 seem to have been used for communal activities (e.g., [13]).

Bottom Line: A new look at the architectural remains and the stratigraphy resulted in an alternative reconstruction, essentially different than the one we have come to know.We used spatial (architectural-geometrical) analysis in order to study the relationships between the different architectural elements and to test our hypothesis that the series of postholes may have not pertained to the upper floor 131 of Layer IV as suggested by Perrot and Valla, but rather to the successive occupational and architectural episode.The association of the postholes with Wall 51 of Layer III sheds new light on the architectural remains revealing their geometric design, an important characteristic of Early Natufian Architecture, the meaning and implications of which we shortly discuss.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

ABSTRACT
In the past 25 years since the reconstruction of Shelter 131 of Eynan was suggested by Francois Valla, its image has become almost iconic--a highly cited symbol of early sedentism constituting a significant part of our knowledge on early stone constructions and the people behind them. A new look at the architectural remains and the stratigraphy resulted in an alternative reconstruction, essentially different than the one we have come to know. We used spatial (architectural-geometrical) analysis in order to study the relationships between the different architectural elements and to test our hypothesis that the series of postholes may have not pertained to the upper floor 131 of Layer IV as suggested by Perrot and Valla, but rather to the successive occupational and architectural episode. The association of the postholes with Wall 51 of Layer III sheds new light on the architectural remains revealing their geometric design, an important characteristic of Early Natufian Architecture, the meaning and implications of which we shortly discuss.

No MeSH data available.