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Social Participation and Disaster Risk Reduction Behaviors in Tsunami Prone Areas.

Witvorapong N, Muttarak R, Pothisiri W - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This paper examines the relationships between social participation and disaster risk reduction actions.Living in a community with a higher proportion of women with tertiary education increases the probability of engaging in community activities and carrying out disaster risk reduction measures.Individuals who participate in village-based activities are 5.2% more likely to undertake all three risk reduction actions compared to those not engaging in community activities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Economics, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
This paper examines the relationships between social participation and disaster risk reduction actions. A survey of 557 households in tsunami prone areas in Phang Nga, Thailand was conducted following the 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes. We use a multivariate probit model to jointly estimate the likelihood of undertaking three responses to earthquake and tsunami hazards (namely, (1) following disaster-related news closely, (2) preparing emergency kits and/or having a family emergency plan, and (3) having an intention to migrate) and community participation. We find that those who experienced losses from the 2004 tsunami are more likely to participate in community activities and respond to earthquake hazards. Compared to men, women are more likely to prepare emergency kits and/or have an emergency plan and have a greater intention to migrate. Living in a community with a higher proportion of women with tertiary education increases the probability of engaging in community activities and carrying out disaster risk reduction measures. Individuals who participate in village-based activities are 5.2% more likely to undertake all three risk reduction actions compared to those not engaging in community activities. This implies that encouraging participation in community activities can have positive externalities in disaster mitigation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Relationships among individual and community characteristics, social participation and disaster risk reduction behaviors.
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pone.0130862.g001: Relationships among individual and community characteristics, social participation and disaster risk reduction behaviors.

Mentions: The literature clearly suggests that disaster risk reduction actions are determined by several factors, and disaster risk reduction behaviors and social capital can impact one another. Fig 1 summarizes determinants of risk reduction behaviors and social participation as well as relationships among them. The different shapes in the figure reflect the distinction between variables that are outcomes and those that are determinants in the empirical model. Risk reduction behaviors and social participation are the two outcomes of interest and they are determined by individual characteristics and community characteristics that are observable and exogenous. They are also influenced by individual characteristics that are unobservable. Examples of unobserved characteristics include risk preferences, risk perception, attitudes or beliefs, all of which cannot be captured by the data. It is hypothesized here that if the individual has unobserved characteristics that influence him/her to undertake one disaster preparedness action, those unobserved characteristics should also impact the individual’s decision to undertake other disaster preparedness actions as well as to participate in community events and vice versa. The presence of unobserved characteristics implies that, at the individual level, all outcomes of interest are jointly determined and therefore they should be estimated simultaneously.


Social Participation and Disaster Risk Reduction Behaviors in Tsunami Prone Areas.

Witvorapong N, Muttarak R, Pothisiri W - PLoS ONE (2015)

Relationships among individual and community characteristics, social participation and disaster risk reduction behaviors.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4495990&req=5

pone.0130862.g001: Relationships among individual and community characteristics, social participation and disaster risk reduction behaviors.
Mentions: The literature clearly suggests that disaster risk reduction actions are determined by several factors, and disaster risk reduction behaviors and social capital can impact one another. Fig 1 summarizes determinants of risk reduction behaviors and social participation as well as relationships among them. The different shapes in the figure reflect the distinction between variables that are outcomes and those that are determinants in the empirical model. Risk reduction behaviors and social participation are the two outcomes of interest and they are determined by individual characteristics and community characteristics that are observable and exogenous. They are also influenced by individual characteristics that are unobservable. Examples of unobserved characteristics include risk preferences, risk perception, attitudes or beliefs, all of which cannot be captured by the data. It is hypothesized here that if the individual has unobserved characteristics that influence him/her to undertake one disaster preparedness action, those unobserved characteristics should also impact the individual’s decision to undertake other disaster preparedness actions as well as to participate in community events and vice versa. The presence of unobserved characteristics implies that, at the individual level, all outcomes of interest are jointly determined and therefore they should be estimated simultaneously.

Bottom Line: This paper examines the relationships between social participation and disaster risk reduction actions.Living in a community with a higher proportion of women with tertiary education increases the probability of engaging in community activities and carrying out disaster risk reduction measures.Individuals who participate in village-based activities are 5.2% more likely to undertake all three risk reduction actions compared to those not engaging in community activities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Economics, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
This paper examines the relationships between social participation and disaster risk reduction actions. A survey of 557 households in tsunami prone areas in Phang Nga, Thailand was conducted following the 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes. We use a multivariate probit model to jointly estimate the likelihood of undertaking three responses to earthquake and tsunami hazards (namely, (1) following disaster-related news closely, (2) preparing emergency kits and/or having a family emergency plan, and (3) having an intention to migrate) and community participation. We find that those who experienced losses from the 2004 tsunami are more likely to participate in community activities and respond to earthquake hazards. Compared to men, women are more likely to prepare emergency kits and/or have an emergency plan and have a greater intention to migrate. Living in a community with a higher proportion of women with tertiary education increases the probability of engaging in community activities and carrying out disaster risk reduction measures. Individuals who participate in village-based activities are 5.2% more likely to undertake all three risk reduction actions compared to those not engaging in community activities. This implies that encouraging participation in community activities can have positive externalities in disaster mitigation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus