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Determinants of the lethality of climate-related disasters in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM): a cross-country analysis.

Andrewin AN, Rodriguez-Llanes JM, Guha-Sapir D - Sci Rep (2015)

Bottom Line: We examined biophysical and social vulnerability proxies and a decadal effect as predictors.We found significant positive associations between lethality, percentage of total land dedicated to agriculture (odds ratio [OR] 1.032; 95% CI: 1.013-1.053) and percentage urban population (OR 1.029, 95% CI 1.003-1.057).Our findings support the evidence base for setting sustainable development goals (SDG).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ministry of Health and Social Development, Government of Anguilla, West Indies.

ABSTRACT
Floods and storms are climate-related hazards posing high mortality risk to Caribbean Community (CARICOM) nations. However risk factors for their lethality remain untested. We conducted an ecological study investigating risk factors for flood and storm lethality in CARICOM nations for the period 1980-2012. Lethality--deaths versus no deaths per disaster event- was the outcome. We examined biophysical and social vulnerability proxies and a decadal effect as predictors. We developed our regression model via multivariate analysis using a generalized logistic regression model with quasi-binomial distribution; removal of multi-collinear variables and backward elimination. Robustness was checked through subset analysis. We found significant positive associations between lethality, percentage of total land dedicated to agriculture (odds ratio [OR] 1.032; 95% CI: 1.013-1.053) and percentage urban population (OR 1.029, 95% CI 1.003-1.057). Deaths were more likely in the 2000-2012 period versus 1980-1989 (OR 3.708, 95% CI 1.615-8.737). Robustness checks revealed similar coefficients and directions of association. Population health in CARICOM nations is being increasingly impacted by climate-related disasters connected to increasing urbanization and land use patterns. Our findings support the evidence base for setting sustainable development goals (SDG).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

CARICOM countries within the Caribbean and regional belt of major hurricanes.CARICOM nations are highlighted in light brown; major hurricane belt emphasized in dark blue. The map was created in ArcGIS 10.2.2 software (ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA, USA) using data from the paths of tropical cyclones and major hurricanes from 1851 to 2004 (available at: http://www.mapcruzin.com/natural-disaster-shapefiles/hurricane-arcgis-shapefile-download.htm). Hurricane belt estimated using a 100-km buffer.
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f1: CARICOM countries within the Caribbean and regional belt of major hurricanes.CARICOM nations are highlighted in light brown; major hurricane belt emphasized in dark blue. The map was created in ArcGIS 10.2.2 software (ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA, USA) using data from the paths of tropical cyclones and major hurricanes from 1851 to 2004 (available at: http://www.mapcruzin.com/natural-disaster-shapefiles/hurricane-arcgis-shapefile-download.htm). Hurricane belt estimated using a 100-km buffer.

Mentions: However, the risk factors for deaths during floods and storms in this region are unknown. Similarly, these risk factors are unknown for the member countries of the sub-regional entity known as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). The CARICOM was established in 1973 to promote economic integration and cooperation and coordinate foreign policy among member states14. The fifteen current members are Antigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Monserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago for an estimated population of over 16 million (Fig. 1). These countries also share a regional coordinating body for disaster response – the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)15.


Determinants of the lethality of climate-related disasters in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM): a cross-country analysis.

Andrewin AN, Rodriguez-Llanes JM, Guha-Sapir D - Sci Rep (2015)

CARICOM countries within the Caribbean and regional belt of major hurricanes.CARICOM nations are highlighted in light brown; major hurricane belt emphasized in dark blue. The map was created in ArcGIS 10.2.2 software (ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA, USA) using data from the paths of tropical cyclones and major hurricanes from 1851 to 2004 (available at: http://www.mapcruzin.com/natural-disaster-shapefiles/hurricane-arcgis-shapefile-download.htm). Hurricane belt estimated using a 100-km buffer.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4495389&req=5

f1: CARICOM countries within the Caribbean and regional belt of major hurricanes.CARICOM nations are highlighted in light brown; major hurricane belt emphasized in dark blue. The map was created in ArcGIS 10.2.2 software (ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA, USA) using data from the paths of tropical cyclones and major hurricanes from 1851 to 2004 (available at: http://www.mapcruzin.com/natural-disaster-shapefiles/hurricane-arcgis-shapefile-download.htm). Hurricane belt estimated using a 100-km buffer.
Mentions: However, the risk factors for deaths during floods and storms in this region are unknown. Similarly, these risk factors are unknown for the member countries of the sub-regional entity known as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). The CARICOM was established in 1973 to promote economic integration and cooperation and coordinate foreign policy among member states14. The fifteen current members are Antigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Monserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago for an estimated population of over 16 million (Fig. 1). These countries also share a regional coordinating body for disaster response – the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)15.

Bottom Line: We examined biophysical and social vulnerability proxies and a decadal effect as predictors.We found significant positive associations between lethality, percentage of total land dedicated to agriculture (odds ratio [OR] 1.032; 95% CI: 1.013-1.053) and percentage urban population (OR 1.029, 95% CI 1.003-1.057).Our findings support the evidence base for setting sustainable development goals (SDG).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ministry of Health and Social Development, Government of Anguilla, West Indies.

ABSTRACT
Floods and storms are climate-related hazards posing high mortality risk to Caribbean Community (CARICOM) nations. However risk factors for their lethality remain untested. We conducted an ecological study investigating risk factors for flood and storm lethality in CARICOM nations for the period 1980-2012. Lethality--deaths versus no deaths per disaster event- was the outcome. We examined biophysical and social vulnerability proxies and a decadal effect as predictors. We developed our regression model via multivariate analysis using a generalized logistic regression model with quasi-binomial distribution; removal of multi-collinear variables and backward elimination. Robustness was checked through subset analysis. We found significant positive associations between lethality, percentage of total land dedicated to agriculture (odds ratio [OR] 1.032; 95% CI: 1.013-1.053) and percentage urban population (OR 1.029, 95% CI 1.003-1.057). Deaths were more likely in the 2000-2012 period versus 1980-1989 (OR 3.708, 95% CI 1.615-8.737). Robustness checks revealed similar coefficients and directions of association. Population health in CARICOM nations is being increasingly impacted by climate-related disasters connected to increasing urbanization and land use patterns. Our findings support the evidence base for setting sustainable development goals (SDG).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus