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Relations between affective music and speech: evidence from dynamics of affective piano performance and speech production.

Liu X, Xu Y - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: The results show that in both piano performance and speech production, anger and happiness generally have high dynamics while sadness has the lowest dynamics.Using production experiments, this study firstly supports previous perception studies on relations between affective music and speech.Moreover, this is the first study to show quantitative evidence for the importance of considering motor aspects such as dynamics in comparing music performance and speech production in which motor mechanisms play a crucial role.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London London, UK.

ABSTRACT
This study compares affective piano performance with speech production from the perspective of dynamics: unlike previous research, this study uses finger force and articulatory effort as indexes reflecting the dynamics of affective piano performance and speech production respectively. Moreover, for the first time physical constraints such as piano fingerings and speech articulatory constraints are included due to their potential contribution to different patterns of dynamics. A piano performance experiment and speech production experiment were conducted in four emotions: anger, fear, happiness and sadness. The results show that in both piano performance and speech production, anger and happiness generally have high dynamics while sadness has the lowest dynamics. Fingerings interact with fear in the piano experiment and articulatory constraints interact with anger in the speech experiment, i.e., large physical constraints produce significantly higher dynamics than small physical constraints in piano performance under the condition of fear and in speech production under the condition of anger. Using production experiments, this study firstly supports previous perception studies on relations between affective music and speech. Moreover, this is the first study to show quantitative evidence for the importance of considering motor aspects such as dynamics in comparing music performance and speech production in which motor mechanisms play a crucial role.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Syllable segmentation and labeling of the sentence “Cui laoyao nian shu qu le”.
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Figure 6: Syllable segmentation and labeling of the sentence “Cui laoyao nian shu qu le”.

Mentions: Figures 6, 7 show the measurement points taken from F1 and F2 formant contours. This allows the calculation of the ratio of formant peak velocity (Vp) to maximum formant displacement (d), henceforth Vp/d. It reflects articulatory effort/vocal vigorousness (Cheng and Xu, 2013, in press). Similar to the piano experiment, , and so the ratio . The unit of displacement is Hz and the unit of time is sec.


Relations between affective music and speech: evidence from dynamics of affective piano performance and speech production.

Liu X, Xu Y - Front Psychol (2015)

Syllable segmentation and labeling of the sentence “Cui laoyao nian shu qu le”.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4495307&req=5

Figure 6: Syllable segmentation and labeling of the sentence “Cui laoyao nian shu qu le”.
Mentions: Figures 6, 7 show the measurement points taken from F1 and F2 formant contours. This allows the calculation of the ratio of formant peak velocity (Vp) to maximum formant displacement (d), henceforth Vp/d. It reflects articulatory effort/vocal vigorousness (Cheng and Xu, 2013, in press). Similar to the piano experiment, , and so the ratio . The unit of displacement is Hz and the unit of time is sec.

Bottom Line: The results show that in both piano performance and speech production, anger and happiness generally have high dynamics while sadness has the lowest dynamics.Using production experiments, this study firstly supports previous perception studies on relations between affective music and speech.Moreover, this is the first study to show quantitative evidence for the importance of considering motor aspects such as dynamics in comparing music performance and speech production in which motor mechanisms play a crucial role.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London London, UK.

ABSTRACT
This study compares affective piano performance with speech production from the perspective of dynamics: unlike previous research, this study uses finger force and articulatory effort as indexes reflecting the dynamics of affective piano performance and speech production respectively. Moreover, for the first time physical constraints such as piano fingerings and speech articulatory constraints are included due to their potential contribution to different patterns of dynamics. A piano performance experiment and speech production experiment were conducted in four emotions: anger, fear, happiness and sadness. The results show that in both piano performance and speech production, anger and happiness generally have high dynamics while sadness has the lowest dynamics. Fingerings interact with fear in the piano experiment and articulatory constraints interact with anger in the speech experiment, i.e., large physical constraints produce significantly higher dynamics than small physical constraints in piano performance under the condition of fear and in speech production under the condition of anger. Using production experiments, this study firstly supports previous perception studies on relations between affective music and speech. Moreover, this is the first study to show quantitative evidence for the importance of considering motor aspects such as dynamics in comparing music performance and speech production in which motor mechanisms play a crucial role.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus