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Cat-scratch disease: a wide spectrum of clinical pictures.

Mazur-Melewska K, Mania A, Kemnitz P, Figlerowicz M, Służewski W - Postepy Dermatol Alergol (2015)

Bottom Line: The wide spectrum of diseases connected with these bacteria varies from asymptomatic cases, to skin inflammation, fever of unknown origin, lymphadenopathy, eye disorders, encephalitis and endocarditis.Most cases of cat-scratch disease are self-limited and do not require antibiotic treatment.If an antibiotic is chosen, however, azithromycin has been shown to speed recovery.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Child Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Head of the Department: Prof. Wojciech Służewski MD, PhD.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this review is to present an emerging zoonotic disease caused by Bartonella henselae. The wide spectrum of diseases connected with these bacteria varies from asymptomatic cases, to skin inflammation, fever of unknown origin, lymphadenopathy, eye disorders, encephalitis and endocarditis. The reservoirs of B. henselae are domestic animals like cats, guinea pigs, rabbits and occasionally dogs. Diagnosis is most often based on a history of exposure to cats and a serologic test with high titres of the immunoglobulin G antibody to B. henselae. Most cases of cat-scratch disease are self-limited and do not require antibiotic treatment. If an antibiotic is chosen, however, azithromycin has been shown to speed recovery.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cat-scratch disease – the solitary tissue mass overlying a skull lesion suggesting histiocytosis X
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Figure 0005: Cat-scratch disease – the solitary tissue mass overlying a skull lesion suggesting histiocytosis X

Mentions: There are also reports in the literature of Bartonella infection presenting as solitary tumours in structures like the breast and bones. In their own practice, the authors have seen the unusual presentation of two patients with a solitary tissue mass overlying a skull lesion, both of which were suggestive of histiocytosis X (Figure 5). In both cases, bacteraemia was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of resected material.


Cat-scratch disease: a wide spectrum of clinical pictures.

Mazur-Melewska K, Mania A, Kemnitz P, Figlerowicz M, Służewski W - Postepy Dermatol Alergol (2015)

Cat-scratch disease – the solitary tissue mass overlying a skull lesion suggesting histiocytosis X
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4495109&req=5

Figure 0005: Cat-scratch disease – the solitary tissue mass overlying a skull lesion suggesting histiocytosis X
Mentions: There are also reports in the literature of Bartonella infection presenting as solitary tumours in structures like the breast and bones. In their own practice, the authors have seen the unusual presentation of two patients with a solitary tissue mass overlying a skull lesion, both of which were suggestive of histiocytosis X (Figure 5). In both cases, bacteraemia was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of resected material.

Bottom Line: The wide spectrum of diseases connected with these bacteria varies from asymptomatic cases, to skin inflammation, fever of unknown origin, lymphadenopathy, eye disorders, encephalitis and endocarditis.Most cases of cat-scratch disease are self-limited and do not require antibiotic treatment.If an antibiotic is chosen, however, azithromycin has been shown to speed recovery.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Child Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Head of the Department: Prof. Wojciech Służewski MD, PhD.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this review is to present an emerging zoonotic disease caused by Bartonella henselae. The wide spectrum of diseases connected with these bacteria varies from asymptomatic cases, to skin inflammation, fever of unknown origin, lymphadenopathy, eye disorders, encephalitis and endocarditis. The reservoirs of B. henselae are domestic animals like cats, guinea pigs, rabbits and occasionally dogs. Diagnosis is most often based on a history of exposure to cats and a serologic test with high titres of the immunoglobulin G antibody to B. henselae. Most cases of cat-scratch disease are self-limited and do not require antibiotic treatment. If an antibiotic is chosen, however, azithromycin has been shown to speed recovery.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus